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Worship of Goddess Brahmacharini on the Third Day of Navratri
Date: September 22, 2017 (Friday)
Color to be worn: Green
The third day of Navratri is dedicated to Goddess Brahmacharini, the Goddess of Swadhisthana Chakra. Brahma means penance and charini means whose achar (behavior) is that. So she is the one who does penance or tapasya. When Goddess Parvati knew that she wanted to marry Shiva, she followed a path of austerity and performed extreme "tap" or penance. She spent one thousand years, only on fruits and beet-roots. She spent one hundred years by eating leafy vegetables only. During this period of time she suffered the torment of nature like torrential rains, scorching sun and biting cold, under the open sky. After such a difficult routine she lived only on dry Bilva pattaras (leaves) fallen on the ground for three thousand years. She kept her engrossed for twenty-four hours in worshiping Lord Shiva. After that she gave up eating even these dry leaves. For several thousand years she went on without any food and water. After a hard penance of several years, she was finally successful in pleasing Lord Shiva. Shiva represents the soul or self within and Durga is the mind. This union indicates that after several penances and self-control one trains oneself to achieve the self.
She is worshipped on the third day of Navratri to acquire the power to abstain from food and water and to develop mastery over the mind, body and senses. By the grace of Maa Brahmacharini, you strive to move forward in life without getting disheartened by the numerous challenges coming your way. Goddess Brahmcharini blesses you with great emotional strength and you may be able to keep your mental balance and confidence even in the darkest hour. She inspires you to hold on to your ethics and march on the path of duty. By the grace of Maa Brahmacharini, you strive to move forward in life without getting disheartened by the numerous challenges coming your way. She holds a rosary in her right hand and Kamandalu in her left. SHE personifies love and loyalty. Mata Bhramacharni is store-house of knowledge and wisdom. Rudraksha is HER most adorned ornament.
About Goddess Brahmacharini
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Goddess Brahmacharini is the second manifestation of Maa Durga and is worshipped second during Navratri nights. "Brahm" means "Tapa" or penance, hence She is also known as Tapa Charini. Goddess Parvati took birth in the home of Daksha Prajapati and in this form She was a great Sati. It is Her unmarried form that is worshiped as Goddess Brahmacharini. She followed extreme penance to get Shiva as Her husband and followed severe austerity because of which She is called Brahmacharini.
During Her penance She spent a 1000 years on a diet of fruits and flowers and another 100 years on a diet of vegetables. She also slept on the floor during the entire duration. She used to stay in open spaces regardless of the extreme climates. It is said that She was on a diet of Bilva leaves for about 3000 years while praying to Lord Shiva. Soon She gave up food and water but continued Her penance. After She quit eating Bilva leaves She was called Aparna. She immolated Herself after wishing for a father who would respect Her husband Lord Shiva.
She is shown walking on Her bare feet and has two hands, the right hand holds the Japa Mala and the left hand holds a Kamandal.
Dhyana Mantra of Brahmacharini:
Dadhana Karpadma Abhyamaksh Mala Kamandalu |
Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinya Nuttama ||
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