Dhantrayodashi or simply Dhanteras is the first significant day of Diwali festival. ‘Dhan’ means wealth and ‘Teras’ signifies the thirteenth day in the moon cycle. This festival of wealth falls in the month of Kartika on the thirteenth day of Kartik Krishna Paksha. It usually occurs one or two days before the main Diwali Puja Day, also known as Lakshmi Puja. This year Dhanteras is being celebrated on 28th of October, 2016 (Friday).
Dhanteras is Festival of Wealth
As signified by the name, Dhanteras is the celebration of wealth and prosperity. It is believed that on Dhantrayodashi day, Devi Lakshmi emerged from the ocean along with other treasures during the churning of the world (samdura manthan). This is why Dhantrayodashi is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber, treasurer of the world.
People pray to Goddess Lakshmi for a prosperous life, fulfilment of desires and wellbeing of their families. It is also customary to purchase new things and bringing valuables home on this day suggests that Goddess Lakshmi Herself has arrived into the house, bringing wealth and prosperity for the whole year. In addition, Lord Kubera is also worshipped on this day.
In the morning women make rangolis on the entrance of their homes to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. Sometimes, tiny footprints are etched with rice flour and gulal powder to symbolise the arrival of the Goddess. Diyas are kept lit through the night to honour the Goddess of wealth.
Businessmen and traders renovate and decorate their shops and offices on this day. Dhanteras holds special meaning for traders and businessmen who purchase gold, silver or other precious metal on this day. Generally people prefer Dhanteras day to invest or buy gold bars, jewellery. They also shop for new clothes in this day as any purchases made this day symbolise prosperity and good luck.
Traditionally, women buy gold, platinum or silver jewellery on this day. At the very least, home makers purchase new metal utensils of steel, brass and copper for their kitchen. Donating metals on this day is also considered auspicious.
After sunset, women of the house can light earthen lamps for Lord Yama, the God of Death and keep it burning throughout the night in the tradition of Deep daan to honour Yama.
In the evening, you can perform Lakshmi Puja and light diyas. In some houses, devotional songs in praise of Goddess Lakshmi are also sung.
Why We Celebrate Dhanteras
There are several legends prevailing about Dhanteras. In many parts of India, Dhanteras puja date is celebrated as Yama Triyadoshi or Yama deep daan. According to a legend, King Hima was worried because his sixteen year old son was predicted to die of snake-bite four days after his wedding. Then the young prince’s bride came up with a clever idea to stall Yama, the God of death. On the third night, she had her attendants light up earthern diyas inside her palace, bathing it in light. She also laid out all her jewellery, gems and silver coins outside her husband’s sleeping chamber. The young princess kept her husband awake by telling him stories, singing to him and involving him in a game of cards. When Lord Yama came at midnight in the form of a snake, he was so spell bound by the lights and the dazzling jewels that he could not go into the prince’s sleeping chamber. He stretched out on top of gold coins and listened to the princess’s stories and songs. In the morning, Yama the snake, quietly slithered away, impressed with the commitment of the princess. The young prince’s life was extended owing to his bride and the day was celebrated as Yama Triyadoshi and Dhanteras in the kingdom. After this legend, there evolved a tradition purchasing gold and silver coins stamped with images of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha on Dhanteras.
According to the Bhagavata Purana, on this day, Lord Dhanvantari emerged from the sea with a pot of nectar or Amrit during the churning of the ocean. Lord Dhanvantari is the originator of the science of Ayurveda and the physician of the Gods. An avatar of Lord Vishnu, Lord Dhanvantari is worshipped on Dhanteras for good health and wellbeing.
More significantly, another legend states that on this day Goddess Lakshmi came out of the ocean during the Samudra Manthan and therefore, she is invoked on this day for attaining her blessings.
Buying Gold on Dhanteras
It is a common practice to buy gold coins, jewellery, silver bowls, spoons and glasses as well as Lakshmi Ganesh idols in silver Dhanteras.
But why do we buy gold on Dhanteras? For most activities, Hindus prefer to be guided by a mahurat, the auspicious time to make purchases. Pushya Nakshatra and Dhanteras are the two most auspicious occasions when people can buy gold and precious metals. Pushya Nakshatra is ruled by Jupiter and is also the birth star of Goddess Lakshmi. Therefore, it becomes the most auspicious time to bring home the Goddess of Wealth. Because of its association with Lakshmi, Pushya is the most appropriate for buying gold and jewellery. When Pushya Naksharta rises on a Thursday, it is called Guru Pushya Yoga and when it rises on Sunday, it creates the Ravi Pushya Yoga. As per Vedic astrology, both are auspicious days for buying gold.
Buying Gold in 2016
In addition to the days ruled by Pushya Nakshatra as well as the annual Akshay Tritiya, Thursday is generally considered a good day to buy gold during the week since Thursday is ruled by Brihaspati or Jupiter, the lord of wealth and abundance.
Dhanteras Date and Time (for Mumbai, India)
Trayodashi starts at 4.15 pm on 27th Oct, 2016
Trayodashi ends at 6.20 pm on 28th Oct 2016
Dhanteras Puja Mahurat is from 7.12 pm to 8.25 pm
Pradosh Kaal is from 6.04 pm to 8.35 pm (as per Maharastra location)
Dhanteras Date and Time (for New Delhi, India)
Trayodashi starts at 4.15 pm on 27th Oct, 2016
Trayodashi ends at 6.20 pm on 28th Oct 2016
Dhanteras Puja Mahurat is from 5.35 pm to 6.20 pm
Pradosh Kaal is from 5.35 pm to 8.11 pm
Dhanteras Date and Time (for United States)
Trayodashi starts at 1.45 pm on 27th Oct, 2016
Trayodashi ends at 3.50 pm on 28th Oct 2016
Dhanteras Puja Mahurat is from 7.37 pm to 8.42 pm
Pradosh Kaal is from 6.19 pm to 8.42 pm
Dhantrayodashi puja is significant in its invocation of Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha as well as the God of wealth Kuber who are all worshipped in order to invite abundance and blessings.
Ganesh Puja Vidhi
On Dhanteras evening, Lord Ganesh is worshipped first. His idol is bathed and then anointed with sandal paste. He is placed on a red cloth and sweet offerings are served to Ganpati. Light incense and diya and offer it to the Idol. Chant the mantra for Ganesha and invoke his blessings to begin the Dhanteras Puja Vidhi.
Vakra-Tunnda Maha-Kaaya Suurya-Kotti Samaprabha Nirvighnam Kuru Me Deva Sarva-Kaaryessu Sarvadaa
Meaning: O Sri Ganesha, of Curved Trunk, Large Body, and with the Brilliance of a Million Suns, Please Make All my Works Free of Obstacles, Always.
Dhanvantari Puja Vidhi
Lord Dhanwantari is regarded as the founder of Ayurveda. People pray to Dhanvantari seeking cure of diseases and good health for their family. After the ritual of bathing Lord Dhanvantari and anointing his idol with vermillion, he is offered nine varieties of grains (Navadhanya). Now chant the mantra below.
"Om Namo Bhagavate Maha SudharshanacVasudevaya Dhanvantaraye; Amrutha Kalasa Hasthaaya Sarva Bhaya Vinasaya Sarva Roka Nivaranaya Thri Lokya Pathaye Thri Lokya Nithaye Sri Maha Vishnu Swarupa Sri Dhanvantri Swarupa Sri Sri Sri Aoushata Chakra Narayana Swaha"
Meaning: We pray to the God, who is known as Sudarshana Vasudev Dhanvantari. He holds the Kalasha full of nectar of immortality. Lord Dhanvantri removes all fears and removes all diseases. He is the well wisher and preserver of the three worlds. Like Lord Vishnu, Dhanvantari is empowered to heal the Jiva souls. We bow to the Lord of Ayurveda.
Kuber Puja Vidhi
On this evening, Lord Kubera is worshipped ritualistically and offered flowers. After you have offered him incense, diya, fruits and sweets, chant the following mantra to invoke Lord Kuber’s blessings.
Om Yakshaya Kuberaya Vaishravanaya Dhanadhanyadhipataye Dhanadhanyasamriddhim Me Dehi Dapaya Svaha
Meaning: Kubera, the lord of yakshas, bless us with wealth and prosperity.
Lakshmi Puja Vidhi
The best time for Lakshmi Puja on Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi is during the Pradosh Kaal which falls after sunset and lasts for about two and half hours. In addition to worshipping the Idol of Goddess Lakshmi, you can also worship and energise the Mahalakshmi Yantra, which has powerful vibrations of Devi Lakshmi.
Before you begin, spread a new cloth on a raised platform. Place a handful of grains in the centre and on this base, place a kalash (pitcher) made of gold, silver, copper or terracotta. Fill three-fourth of the kalash with water mixed with ganga jal and place a betel nut, a flower, a coin and some rice grains in it. Arrange five kinds of leaves or mango leaves in the kalash. Place a metal dish on the kalash and fill it with rice grains. Draw a lotus with turmeric powder (haldi) over the rice grains and place the Idol of goddess Lakshmi over it, along with the coins.
Place the idol of Ganesha in front of the kalash, on the right (South-West) direction. Also place ink and books related to your business or occupation on the platform. Light a lamp and begin the puja by offering haldi, kumkum and flowers to the platform on which the kalash is placed. Then offer haldi, kumkum and flowers to the water to be used for the puja. Then recite the following mantra of Mahalakshmi.
Take some flowers in your hands, close your eyes and think of Goddess Lakshmi being showered with gold coins by two elephants standing on Her either side and chant Her name. Then offer the flowers to the idol.
Place the idol of Lakshmi in a plate and bathe it with water, panchamrit (a mixture of milk, curd, ghee or clarified butter, honey and sugar) and then with water containing some gold ornament or a pearl. Wipe the idol clean and place it back on the kalash. Alternately, you can just sprinkle water and panchamrit on the idol with a flower.
Now offer the Goddess sandal paste, saffron paste, perfume (ittar), haldi, kumkum, abeer and gulal. Offer a garland of cotton beads to the Goddess. Offer flowers, especially marigold and leaves of Bel (wood apple tree). Light an incense stick. Make an offering of sweets, coconut and fruits. Offer puffed rice and batasha. Pour some puffed rice, batasha, coriander seeds and cumin seeds over the idol. Worship the safe where you keep money and jewellery as a symbol of Lord Kuber. Finally, perform the Aarti for goddess Lakshmi.
Yama Deepam Daan
Dhanteras puja also involves the worship of Lord Yama, the God of death. Lord Yama is honoured with Deep daan on this day for protection of one’s family and loved ones. After worshipping Yam Dev, 13 lamps should be lit.
According to the Maharashtra Kaal Nirnay calendar, Yama Deepam Daan should be done on the evening on October 28, 2016.
Yama Deepam Daan time: Pradosh Kaal is from 6.04 pm to 8.35 pm (on 28th October, as per Maharastra location)
The following is the procedure for Yama Deepaam Daan: Thirteen earthern lamps filled with sesame oil (til ka tale) should be placed outside the house, facing southwards (direction of Lord Yama), in the evening. A lamp is usually never kept facing southwards except on this day. Then, reciting the following mantra, a person should offer obeisance to Yama, the Lord of Death:
"I offer these thirteen lamps to the son (Lord Yama) of the Sun deity (Surya), so that He liberates me from the clutches of death and bestows His blessings."
Why Puja from Rudra Centre?
Rudra Centre's priests perform pujas following Vedic rituals based on the birth details and Nakshatras of devotees. The Puja Prasad along with energized Yantra, Rudraksha and photographs is couriered to the clients within 5 to 7 days after the completion of the Puja. The birth details (name, date, time and place) are required while ordering the Puja. Rudra Centre will provide the contact number of the Head priest, to facilitate calling during the sankalpa / yagna.
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Celebrate Dhanteras on 28th October Dhantrayodashi or simply Dhanteras is the fi
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