Of the nine forms of Shakti or Goddess Parvati, Katyayini is worshipped as Her sixth form on the sixth day of Navratri. According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Parvati took the form of Katyayani to annihilate the demon Mahishasura. Katyayani is the fiercest facet of Goddess Parvati as She appears as a Warrior Goddess. In Shaktism references like Shakti, Durga, Bhadrakali and Chandika are also dedicated to Her.
Katyayani is believed to have taken birth in the home of Sage Katyayan (or Katya) in the avatar of Maa Durga, therefore, She came to be known as Katyayani. Scriptures like the Kalika Purana also state that the Sage Kaytyayan was the first to worship Her, hence She is called Katyayani. Seated riding a powerful lion, She is depicted carrying a sword and the lotus flower in Her right hands while keeping Her left hands in Abhaya and Varada mudras.
Depiction in scriptures
The Goddess appears in various Holy Scriptures as a symbol of Shakti (strength), knowledge, victory of good over evil and courage. She holds a prominent place in Hindu mythology and inspires devotees, especially female worshippers to face challenges and perceives the inherent strength within. One of the earliest references to Her have also been found in the Taittiriya Aranyaka part of the Krishna Yajurveda.
She is also depicted in holy texts like Devi-Bhagavata Purana, Devi Mahatmyam, a section of the Markandeya Purana. Texts attributed to Buddhism and Jainism, Kalika Purana also mention Her vividly.
The Chapter 22 in the10th Canto of the Bhagavata Purana speaks of Katyayani Vrata, where young marriageable gopis of Vrindavan would take bath in the river Yamuna and worship Katyayani. They observed a vrata throughout the month of Margashirsha to get Lord Krishna as their husband. Katyayani-vrata, a fast for a whole month is also observed and offerings like sandal, flowers and incense are made by girls to marry the person they want.
Legends associated with Katyayani
A great legend is associated with the creation of the great Goddess Katyayani. The atrocities of the demon Mahishasura were assuming gigantic proportions. So powerful and evil was he that he aimed at destruction of the earth as well as the gods. Goddess Durga (Katyayani), equipped with powers and weapons from Gods, confronted the demon to fight him. He began changing his forms, one of which was that of a buffalo. Goddess Durga sprang on the back of Mahishasura from Her lion and struck his head and killed him.
This legend has also been narrated in different ways, but the end result and the moral remain the same. The world and the gods were saved from annihilation in the hands of Mahishasura and a great divine female personality came to be worshipped devotedly.
Benefits of worshipping Maa Katyayani
Devi Kanya Kumari (associated with Kanya Kumari, the southernmost tip of India, is believed to be an incarnation of Katyayani. During Pongal, the harvest festival observed in Tamil Nadu, young girls pray for abundance, rain and prosperity throughout the month. The idol of Goddess Katyayani, carved out of wet sand is worshipped, which is believed to shower upon girls whatever they ask for.
The word Katyayani also specifies the power to remove severity, pride and negative forces that befall an individual. Katyayani also implies destruction of ego that results in great struggles and sufferings of the weak. She has three eyes and eight hands, which are an inherent part of fight against evil put up by Her. Worship of Katyayani is not restricted to women alone; males too can offer obeisance to Her to win love and marriage.
Taking recourse to mantras and yantras dedicated to the Goddess are a sure way to attain love and Her blessings. Rudra Centre offers auspicious Katyayani yantras. You can place the Yantras at home, offices or on altars facing North, East or North East.Wearing the auspicious 17 Mukhi Gauri Shankar Rudraksha also invokes Katyayani.
Chanting "Om Aim Hreem Kleem Aam Kam Katyayaneya Namah'
Dedicate Stuti from your heart to the Goddess by chanting
"Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Katyayani Rupen Sansthita
Namastatsye Namastatsye Namastatsye Namo Namah:
The Katyayani Durga Gayatri mantra:
Om Katya Yanaya Vidmahe
Kanya Kumari cha Dhimahi
Tanno Durgih Prachodayat.
The Devi who took birth in the abode of Rishi Katya, we bow in reverence before You Bless us with illumination and inspiration and give us strength.
Katyayani Mantra Used For:
Mano-Unkul pati prapti hetu , Sighra vivah hetu
So, worship Goddess Katyayani on the sixth day of Navratri and get blessed.
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