Diamond Gemstones & White Sapphire
Diamond – the emperor of gemstones – is also the purest derivative in mineralogy. Unlike almost other minerals and gemstones, which are complex carbon-silicates with metal impurities, diamond is simply a carbon allotrope. It's interesting that the same element that creates coal and graphite also creates diamond – with just a re-arrangement of the atoms. Diamond is the hardest known mineral, and one of the poorest conductors of heat and electricity of any known material. Its industrial applications range from industrial cutters to knives which can grind other softer minerals, but of course, its greatest and most traditional use has been as jewellery – in rings, pendants, bracelets, and studded with other valuable metals like gold or silver. Industrial grade diamond is valued differently from gem grade diamond.
A properly cut diamond has a high refractive index with which it achieves a brilliant dispersion of light on its surface. Diamonds are reported to be found in the Earth's mantle, from which they have been brought nearer to the Earth's surface by volcanoes and igneous rock deposits. Even though they can be manufactured artificially, it's the rarity and brilliant optical clarity of natural diamonds that leads to their popularity and charisma. Lattice and mineral defects that create other shades of diamond have been discovered as well. It has recently been hypothesized that a lot of Earth's diamonds could have originated from meteorites.
Diamonds have been used throughout Indian history, and they were first unearthed in the Indian subcontinent. They were used as religious ornaments, in business and for beautification. Their enigma slowly spread to Persia and Europe, until they reached their zenith a few centuries ago.
Healing effects and benefits
Venus guides the wearer of the diamond. This planet holds prime importance in both modern science and mythological tradition. It's revered by practitioners of music, arts and culture – and the good alignment of this planet is supposed to relieve the wearer of his/her personal and mental demons. Artists, doctors, traders and businessmen have been found to benefit the most from wearing this gemstone. This brilliant gemstone improves physical and mental health, prevents sexual diseases, increases stamina and helps in improving the wearer's marital life.
Before you buy your gemstone
Indian Name: Heera
Cosmic Color: White
Chakra: Hrit Padma Chakra
Check your diamond for authenticity
The two best checks of a diamond are its high thermal conductivity and its extreme hardness. No other mineral other than real diamond itself can scratch an authentic diamond. They also have a fairly high refractive index.
Brazil, South Africa and other African countries like Botswana and Angola are the biggest producers in the world today.
How to care for your diamond
Your diamond might routinely carry negative energies, and the stone or ring can be detoxified by dipping it in water overnight.