The emerald is considered to be one of the most precious of all gemstones. It's a derivative of the mineral beryl (a silicate of aluminium and beryllium), and the metal chromium leads to the typical bluish-green colour that is so famous that the hue 'emerald green' is now a colour shade on its own merit. As most gemologists only know too well, the perfect emerald is a very rare occurrence. An emerald is usually graded visually – its colour should be a typical hue of dark green that has yellow and blue as secondary colours, and it should be pleasant (and not warm) to the touch. It's common for emeralds to be cracked, so a good eye and a sensitive touch can detect if it's flawless or not. Emeralds may be treated with oil to enhance their transparency and excellence.
Emeralds have been revered throughout human history. The Mughal Empire was very fond of them; today, the US Museum of Natural History has some excellent specimens. The majority of the finest emeralds are today mined and produced in Colombia and Zambia; though emeralds were a produce of Egypt and India during ancient times. Known for thousands of years in the Indian subcontinent as Panna, emeralds have long been connected with thoughts of learning and mental development.
In Hindu mythology, the healing properties of the emerald are associated with the planet Mercury. It's tied to the Zodiac signs of Gemini and Virgo – and people belonging to these sun signs are said to benefit the most from this beautiful gemstone.
Effects and properties
The emerald is usually worn as a part of jewellery – beads, pendants, earrings, rings and stones. Because of the stone's alignment to Mercury, it can counter the ill effects of Mercury and also enhance the good effects of the same. The emerald is a fascinating stone. In ancient and pre-modern times, it was thought to produce healing powers just by gazing into the intense green colour. In fact, ancient Greek practitioners advised using crushed emeralds as an eye-healing powder.
The emerald is related to the heart chakra (anahata). It's related to the powerful sphere of love, compassion, well-being and caring. Emeralds are supposed to increase spiritual energies and calm down the disturbed mind. The stone is also considered very auspicious for newly married couples. The gemstone helps in increasing concentration, reducing depression, and reducing problems of the bowel, stomach and rheumatism in elderly people. Sportsmen and creative people (writers, painters, and sculptors) can also especially benefit from this stone. In terms of healing properties for medical science, the stone especially benefits the digestive and nervous systems. It leads to universal and personal bliss and reduces mental conflicts. Emeralds can be just bought and worn; every gemstone has a unique requirement to fulfil for its wearer. A gemologist or Chakra expert should be contacted for the best way to use your emerald. Emeralds might routinely carry negative energies, and an emerald ring can be detoxified by dipping it in salt water overnight.
Things you should check before buying a real emerald stone:
Holes, impurities or cracks on the surface
Transparency and lustre. A good emerald will have a clear reflection, and won't be dull.
Did you buy a real emerald?
The shade of green that a real emerald displays is very unique. It can be checked visually by a gemologist.
An authentic emerald will produce a cool touch. It will seem pleasant to the skin.
A drop of water, if put on a real emerald, will not spread like water is expected to.
Zambian and Colombian emeralds are the most prized specimens around the world. However, India, Pakistan, Brazil and Afganistan are also known for their emeralds. As it is, emeralds are routinely found and discovered all over the world.
Indian Name: Panna
Cosmic Color: Green
Chakra: Anahata (the heart chakra)
How to care for your emerald
Even though natural emeralds are hard and abrasive, impacts on the stone should be avoided. The stone should never be steam-cleaned, and a soft, slightly wet brush should be used to clean an emerald whenever necessary.
Bhasm : Apaamaarg Bhasm
Day for wearing: Wednesday
Time for wearing: Sunrise