Saraswati (Saraswathi): Goddess of Leaning, Wisdom and Arts
In the Vedic scriptures, Goddess Saraswati is the Goddess of Learning, Wisdom, Knowledge, Music, Arts and Skills. In Sanskrit, Saraswati means “the Essence of the Self”. Goddess Saraswati is the Consort of Lord Brahma, and hence, source of all knowledge Herself. Since knowledge is necessary for creation, Saraswati symbolizes the Creative Power of Brahma. She is a beautiful Goddess being elegant, graceful and glowing with the light of knowledge. Sarasvati’ is made of surasa-vati. It means the one who with plenty of water. Just like dirt and filth in a river get swept away with the flow of water, ignorance in the mind gets swept away with knowledge and wisdom represented by Goddess Saraswati.
She is often worshipped by the knower of Vedas, the seers and the inquisitive students. She is the river of consciousness that enlivens creation; being the dawn-Goddess whose rays dispel the darkness of ignorance.
Goddess Saraswati is also known as Gayatri, which is where the Gayatri Mantra gets its name. Her name is loosely translated as “the one who flows”, which is why Saraswati River got its name too. She is the deity of the river in the Rig Veda. The same meaning is applied to her intellectual thoughts and words. She represents the free flow of wisdom and consciousness and is considered to be the mother of the Vedas, which is why Saraswati Vandana chants often mark the beginning and end of all Vedic lessons.
Special Position in the Vedas:
Goddess Saraswati is given a special position in the Vedas. She is the goddess of gyaan (knowledge), kala (arts), pragna (wisdom) and shiksha or vidya (learning). She is described in the Rig Veda (2.41.16) as the best of divine mothers अम्बितमे नदीतमे देवितमे सरस्वति | ambitame naditame devitame sarasvati; O best of divine mothers, we stand insignificant in front of You. O Mother, Please Bless Us!
Today, people perform Saraswati puja mainly on Vasant Panchami for Her blessings. It is the festival dedicated to offering prayers to Her. On this day, parents encourage their children to write as it She is associated with learning.
However, the ancient idea of remembering Saraswati was spiritually deeper. She is one of the emanations of Purusha (Supreme Lord) engaged in protecting the saintly beings from the clutches of avidya (nescience or ignorance). She is in charge of Knowledge, Arts, Wisdom and Vidya.
Knowledge: The modern idea of knowledge is awareness of the various aspects of one’s profession and general knowledge. The ancient idea was associated with both; spirituality and worldly affairs.
During the Vedic Age, the civilized society had four classes namely Brahmin or Intelligent class, Kshatriya or Administration class, Vaishya or Mercantile class and Shudra or Labor class. Everyone in their respective class had to perform sacrifices (religious and spiritual duties) and their occupational duties. Knowledge in both was absolutely required for the perfection of their acts. In the Bhagavad Gita (18.5), the Lord says:
yajña-dāna-tapaḥ-karma na tyājyaṁ kāryam eva tat yajño dānaṁ tapaś caiva pāvanāni manīṣiṇām
“Acts of sacriﬁce, charity and penance are not to be given up; they must be performed. Indeed, sacriﬁce, charity and penance purify even the great souls.”
All of them used to perform their duties as given below:
CLASS (SECTION) OF THE SOCIETY
Brahmin (Intelligent Class)
Performing Vedic Rituals, advising the ruling king on politics, state administration and war, training the students in ashramas, studying the Vedas, being simple, controlling the senses, being clean and pure, and leading the disciples on the righteous path.
Kshatriya (Administration Class)
Respecting and taking advice from the Brahmins, protecting the subjects and animals from the anti-social elements, taking taxes from mercantile community, spending the taxes on welfare programs and ruling the state as per the scriptural injunctions
Vaishya (Mercantile Class)
Protecting cattle, trading in agriculture produce and milk products, paying revenue taxes to the ruling king or statesman, abiding by the state laws and maintaining harmony in family.
Shudra (Labor Class)
Serving humbly the above three class.
Everyone of them maintained the knowledge of their respective occupation ensuring that they never digressed from the paths shown by the revealed scriptures (the Vedas). To maintain their occupational and social strengths, the kings and mercantile communities performed Saraswati Puja under the Guidance of Brahmins. Goddess Saraswati protected and preserved their acquired knowledge so that they all could perform their duties and attain Moksha (liberation).
One should not misunderstand the position of Shudra who dutifully served the others and accepted whatever rewards received from them. Although occupationally they may be considered as a lower class as they engaged in menial work, spiritually all of them could attain Mokhsa as the Lord says in the Gita (9.32)
माम हि पार्थ व्यापाश्रीत्या ये अपि स्युह पाप योनयः स्त्रीयो वैश्यस तथा शुद्रास ते पी यान्ति पराम गतीम
māṁ hi pārtha vyapāśritya ye ’pi syuḥ pāpa-yonayaḥ striyo vaiśyās tathā śūdrās te ’pi yānti parāṁ gatim
O son of Pṛthā, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower birth – women, vaiśyas [merchants] and śūdras [workers] – can attain the supreme destination.
The important point, all of them had to perform their respective duties to attain the supreme destination.
Arts: Arts can be said to include any form of presentation that needs creative inputs. It may be music, painting or public speaking faculty. Music has played the greatest role in stringing all the humans together since ages. ‘Bhakti’ or ‘Harinaam Samkirtan’ has always been expressed through music. Even in the heavenly abode of King Indra there are celestial singers who please the Supreme Lord through music. Goddess Saraswati protects the artistic ability of a devotee who performs Bhakti for the Lord. Similarly, there used to be artists who pictured the forms of Supreme Purusha. Others used to be great orators or poets who used to narrate or sing the glories of the Lord. The ruling King was pleased with such services.People worshipped Goddess Saraswati for protecting their art which was used with a spiritual spirit.
Wisdom: History has always produced wise men and philosophers who studied the natural functions of the Universe, observed others in general and offered discourses on ethics and morality. Chanakya Pundit was one of the wisest, wittiest men. He studied various scriptures such as the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Puranas and other contemporary philosophies and helped build the Gupta Empire. Goddess Saraswati protects the wisdom of wise men and holds them back from falling into corrupt thinking.
Vidya: It is related to scriptural reading. ‘Vidya’ means ‘Knowledge’ comes from the Sanskrit root ‘Vid’ of ‘Vedas’. The root ‘vid’ means ‘to know’. The one who studies scriptures, observes others and practices what is learnt is called ‘Vidvaan’ or the one who is knowledgeable. Goddess Saraswati protected the scriptural knowledge of Pundits and philosophers.
One should therefore understand the position of Goddess Saraswati in the Vedas and celebrate Saraswati Puja very submissively asking Her for preserving family values, cultural values and ethics. Success or excellence in education or exams is automatically achieved when the cultural values are properly followed in a family.
Dear Neetaji, I was glad to receive the Rudraksh Package yesterday and surprised as well that it arrived just within a day!! but nonetheless, I\\\\\\\'am so very thank ful to that person who as a free gift put a 1 mukhi rudraksh as well with the other items. The packaging was very very nicely done! no praise is enough, everything was so orderly and neat that It looked as Gifts from Gods themselves. The image on Shri Shiv on the Box - containing the supreme Kavacham was a blessing . Many thanks once again to you Neeta ji for directing me towards these beads. I will hence buy more items very soo
Namastay, I am just writing to let you know that I received the Kaali mantra japa pooja prasad today at 11.00a.m. Thank you so very much for the good work that you all at the Rudra Centre is doing. I am very happy with the outcome. I do have to repeat the same pooja 2 more times. Once again, thank you very much at the Rudra Centre. Sincerely, Chatoorgoon Jagdeo.
Namaste dear Neetaji, By the grace of the divine my rudraksha bracelets arrived yesterday afternoon UK time. They are so beautiful and made to such a nice design! I love them. I wore them to teach my yoga classes yesterday evening. Thank you for the free gifts too - I gave my mother the 5 mukhi pendant as a gift. I will be in touch to update you on the postive developments in my life. Thank you so much for such a professional service and for the blessings that my bracelets have had before they arrived. Best wishes and Om shanti, Yasmin Z
Dear Neetaji, Its now around 25 days since I am wearing rudraksh. I need to tell you regarding changes which have felt in my life. I have become more bold, courageous and peaceful in life. As shared earlier I was having a traumatic married life and was being victimized verbally by husband. Always I have tried to save my marriage and keep on getting victimized as I have never had the courage to think about my happiness and my life. I always tried searching happiness through others and just tried saving my marriage by getting victimized. But now I am seeing a positive change in myself. I have be
MY FEEDBACK Jai shree Krishna Neeta ji, I would like to share my 9+13+11 mukhi bracelet (all Nepalese) experience with you. I started wearing this bracelet few months back as per your suggestions; it is very hard to believe but in few weeks the power I feel is amazing. I found lots of changes in my life especially at my work. People started recognizing my work and efforts. I got a salary increase too as well. It is hard to believe that but I literally felt whatever is happening; I was not playing any role in it; there was a power that was making. It happened. After that divine and unusually ex
- Meghna Chaudhary, Michigan, USA
Saraswati (Saraswathi): Goddess of Leaning, Wisdom and Arts In the Vedic scriptu
108 Names of Goddess Saraswati
Different Names of Goddess Saraswati Goddess Saraswati is the goddess of knowled
Goddess Saraswati: Names, Festival & Symbols
Goddess Saraswati: Names, Festival & Symbols Goddess Saraswati is known by sever
Goddess Saraswati: Favorite Fruits and Flowers
Goddess Saraswati: Favorite Fruits and Flowers As the Goddess of learning and wi
NOTE: Rudra Centre or its company affiliate Rudraksha Ratna does Not Sell Rudraksha Beads, Gemstones And Puja Items through any E-Commerce Portals Like Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, Shopclues And Others.
Namaste! Rudra Centre is today a Global supplier of Rudraksha, Gemstones, Yantras and Hindu Puja items all across the world. We advocate evolution in consciousness to achieve material and spiritual success. We thus bring these sacred items with usage as per ancient wisdom so that you derive full benefits. Shop with us knowing that all items are selected with love and care and due diligence.