Gudi Padwa / Chaitra Shukla Pratipada / Ugadi on 28th March, 2017 (Tuesday)
Gudi Padwa also known as Samvatsar Padvo is celebrated as the first day of the year by Maharashtrians and Konkanis of the Deccan region in India. Gudi Padwa is the Marathi New Year as per the Luni-Solar calendar and is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra month (as per Hindu calendar) to mark the beginning of the New Year. Based on the Solar and lunar calendars Hindu New Year is celebrated two times in a year, with different names and different times. Since the dates of Gudi Padwa are based on the Hindu calendar, its dates may vary each year. Gudi Padwa 2016 will be celebrated on 8th April (Friday).
On the day of Gudi Padwa the cycle of sixty years known as Samvatsara begins. In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh Gudi Padwa is celebrated as Ugadi and is celebrated on the same day. Marathi Hindus and Konkanis celebrate this day with enthusiasm.
The day of Gudi Padwa starts with the traditional oil bath followed by prayers and hymns. Ancient scriptures suggest oil bath and eating the leaves of Neem tree as a mandatory ritual. North Indians typically do not celebrate this day but they do start their Chaitra Navratri puja of nine days as well as eat Neem and Mishri.
This day is celebrated as New Year in various regions of India and under different names. Gudi Padwa (or Padva) is known as Chaitra Shukla Pratipada in Sanskrit. It is also known by many other names such as Gudhi Padava or Gudhee Paadavaa. The Konkanis of Goa and Kerala call this festival as Samvatsar Padvo and those in Karnataka call it Yugadi. The Kashmiri Pandits celebrate this day as Navreh and Sindhi community celebrate it as Cheti Chand. In the North-East state of Manipur this day is known as Sajibu Nongma Panba Cheiraoba and in Rajasthan it is celebrated as Thapna.
Gudi Padwa Timings
Marathi Vikram Samvat 2073 Begins
Pratipada Tithi Begins = 08:26 on 28th March
Pratipada Tithi Ends = 05:44 on 29th March
Significance of Gudi Padwa
According to Brahma Purana, Lord Brahma created the universe on the day of Gudi Padwa. This day is celebrated every year on the first day of the Chaitra month according to the Hindu calendar, which is in February-March as per the Gregorian calendar. Gudi Padwa is celebrated all across India and the world; it is celebrated with much fanfare in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh as the New Year.
Gudi Padwa is considered as a very auspicious day to start any new venture or to make big purchases such as a house or a car or to get in to a matrimonial alliance. On the day of Gudi Padwa individuals clean and decorate their houses with colorful Rangolis and Torans.
Special dishes especially Srikhand is prepared in Maharashtrian households. A Gudi (victory flag) also known as 'Brahmadhvaj' or the flag of Lord Brahma is hoisted outside every house on the day of Gudi Padwa. The Gudi is made using a decorated bamboo stick with an inverted copper pot with swastika symbol on it, the Gudi is decorated with silk cloth, mango and neem leaves, marigold flowers and coconut.
Reason for Hoisting the Gudi
Gudi padwa begins with prayers and sticking gudi. One of the traditions is to hang the Gudi. It is said that the Gudi represents the victory of Chhatrapati Shivaji’s Maratha forces. The Gudi or Gudhi is made from a piece of bright colored cloth (green, yellow or red), tied on a long bamboo along with the leaves of mango and neem, a garland of flowers and gaathi (sugar crystals). A small copper or silver pot known as the Gudi is placed over it in inverted position.
The right side of the house is the active state of the soul and hence the Gudi is positioned on the right side of the main entrance of the house.
Since Brahma created the Universe on this day, the Gudi represents the Brahmadhvaj, Brahma’s flag.
The Gudi is a symbol of victory. Amongst the various qualities of God, 'Being Victorious' is one and it symbolizes that God has achieved victory at the outset and at various levels. To symbolize this at every level of war, a Gudi is hoisted.
Gudi is also considered to ward off evil, invite prosperity and fortune into the house.
Gudi Padwa is the day on which Satyug began; it is believed that on this day the vibrations of the Divine consciousness especially during the sunrise are at their peak. Thus the Gudi is worshipped 5-10 minutes after sunrise. These vibrations or auspiciousness are captured using a Gudi and spread throughout one's home.
Prayer on Gudi Padwa
"O Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu! Please enable me to absorb the Principle of Creation and the Fire Principle present in the atmosphere. Let the Divine consciousness present in these principles be preserved constantly. Let the energy thus received, be used for my spiritual practice."