Makar Sankranti denotes neutralization of illusion by lighting inner glow. Makar Sankranti is also called a festival of thanksgiving. On this day, people appreciate each other, perform and pay homage to the Supreme Being for the support He extended throughout the year.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated to mark the transition of Sun into the zodiac sign Capricorn of Makara rashi on its celestial path. This day also marks the arrival of spring in India which is celebrated traditionally. Sankranthi is one of the rare Indian festivals that falls on the same date every year in the Gregorian calendar (barring a few exceptions). It usually falls on the 13th or 14th or 15th of January. The Makar Sankranti date for 2016 is 15th of January (Friday).
On the day of Makar Sankranti Sun begins its northward movement in the Makar Rashi (Capricorn). As per Vedic astrology 15th January is a very rare and very auspicious day. The four day festivities of Makar Sankranti will begin on 14th Jan – 17th Jan 2016. Makar Sankranti has a profound spiritual significance and refers to a transitional phase where the Sun transits from the house of Sagittarius to the house of Capricorn. It is the festival of new beginnings, new resolutions and new commitments.
|Andhra Pradesh & Telangana
||Chakinalu, Nuvvula Appalu, Katte Appalu, Madugulu, Bellam Appalu, kudumulu, Ariselu, Appalu dappalam
||Young girls feed the animals, birds and fish as a symbol of sharing.
|Bihar and Jharkhand
||Makar Sankranti or Sakraat or Khichdi
||Khichdi, Dahi-chuda, Tilkut and Lai
||Worshiping and putting til (sesame seeds) into fire
|Delhi and Haryana
||Sakraat or Sankranti
||Brother of married woman visits her home with a gift
||Khichdi with Ghee and Chaas
||Ceremonial dips and shower
||Ellu-Bella, Sakkare Acchu
||Drawing rangoli in groups, Kite flying
||(Celebrated at Sabrimala where the Makara Jyothi is visible)
||Ceremonial dips in holy rivers, Uttarayani fairs, celebrate the festival of Ghughutia or Kale Kauva
||Halwa, Til-Gul Laadoo, Gulachi Poli / Puran Poli, Tilgud
||Haldi-Kumkum, Worship of Goddess Saraswati
||Makara chaula, rasagola, Khai/Liaa and chhena puddings
||Celebrated with great enthusiasm, singing, dancing etc.
||Maghi / Lohri
||Kheer, Khichdi, jaggery
||Eat sumptuous food and Dance
||Sankrat/ Makar Sankrati
||Pheeni, til-paati, gajak, kheer, ghevar, pakodi, puwa, and til-laddoo
||Sankrant Bhoj, Kite flying
||Pongal (4-Day Celebration)
||Vadai, murukku, payasam
||Boiling rice with fresh milk and jaggery in new pots
||Til ladoo and gud laddo
||First of the big bathing days, Kite Flying
||Poush Sankranti / Poush Parbon, Magey Sakrati (in certain places)
||Khejurer Gur, PataliPitha