Door Torans and Wall Hangings:
Hinduism is a rich culture which comprises of diverse traditions and rituals. These rituals play a significant role and have deep meaning. The interesting part about the rituals and traditions in Hinduism is that they are backed by scientific reasoning. In India we often see that the frame of the main door of a house or entrance of a venue is often decorated by tying colourful flower garlands, these garlands are known as ‘Torans’ or ‘Bandarwars’. The word toran is derived from Sanskrit word ‘Torana’ meaning pass. According to the ancient Buddhist architecture, the toran signifies a sacred gateway. The toran is a decorative door hanging that finds its mention in the Puranas.
Significance of Torans
In the ancient times, torans were hung on the main entrance of the home and temples to attract and appease divine energies, especially Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. During ancient times the torans where made by stringing together fresh marigold flowers and mango leaves. The mango leaves were believed to absorb the polluted air outside the house and circulate fresh air and oxygen inside the house. Also, as per colour therapy, green colour has a calming effect on the senses and is said to ward off negative energies like stress and anxiety. Similarly, the marigold flowers orange colour symbolizes purity and wards off evil eyes. The scent of the flower keeps insects away.
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New Age Torans:
Today, a wide variety of torans are available in the market. These torans are made of various fabrics and decorative items and are available in multiple colours. The shelf life of these torans is more when compared to the torans made of fresh real flowers and real leaves. These torans are made of wool, decorative beads and Rudrakshas, Glass beads, Idols of Gods, embossed images of God and Goddesses and auspicious symbols like the ‘OM’, ‘Swastik’, ‘Subh Labh’ and the ‘Subh Kalash’. Taking into consideration the contemporary and traditional home decors and age old traditions, these new age torans are designed to do justice to both. Specific colours play a pivotal role in Hinduism, the traditions and cultures. These colours hold a deep significance. Let us take a look at what does the colours red, green, saffron, yellow, white, and blue signify as colours can play a major role in creating the desired atmosphere.
Saffron – Saffron is considered highly auspicious colour in Hinduism and it is one of the most significant colours used in every Holy ceremony. The Saints and High Priests in Hinduism are often dressed in Saffron coloured robes. This colour signifies purity and represents the fire element as all impurities are burnt in fire. The Saffron colour is also associated with quality of sacrifice and the state of Salvation. Religious abstinence and generosity is also associated with Saffron colour.
Red – The Red colour is one of the most significant and auspicious colours in Hindu Dharma. On auspicious occasions like marriage, child birth, festivals, and puja Red colour is worn. The Hindu married women apply Red powder (vermilion) on their hair partying as a symbol of being married. Red is the colour of a bride’s saree (attire), mata chi chunri, it’s the colour of Shakti (prowess).
Yellow –Knowledge and wisdom are associated with Yellow colour. The spring season is represented by the vibrant yellow colour and it also symbolizes mental growth, harmony, competence, concentration and helps in meditation. The yellow colour is said to be favourite of Lord Vishnu and yellow coloured Prasad is always offered to Goddess Saraswati.Green – The green colour is associated with happiness, peace, and calmness. It stabilizes the mind and calms emotional imbalance. It represents Mother Nature and rejuvenates the mind and soul.
White – White is the colour of purity, peace, wisdom, hygiene and cleanliness. The white colour is a mixture of seven primary colours colours. Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of wisdom and knowledge, is always depicted as wearing a white dress, sitting on a white lotus.Blue – The blue is a majestic colour which symbolizes the Skies, and the water bodies. The colour blue is associated with royalty, stability of mind, magnificence, power and bravery. Lord Krishna and Rama are often depicted having blue skin.
Types of Door Torans:
The Door Torans are available in variety of designs and patterns. Also, the materials with which these torans are manufactured in differ. Given below are some of the various Torans available: