Akshaya Tritiya: Date, Tithi Timing, History, Important Rituals
Akshaya Tritiya,also known as Akha Teej, (April 26, 2020 Sunday) is a highly auspicious and sacred day for the Hindu and Jain communities. Since it is considered to be the most auspicious day, all the activities (spiritual or material) undertaken on this day bring desired results. It offers the best time especially for those engaged in spiritual activities like meditation, yoga, japa, reading scriptures and the like.
As per Vedic literatures, any auspicious day must be utilized for cultivating spiritual strengths. This is done through reading of scriptures, special pujas, the family deity worship (Ishta Dev), charities, offering homage to one’s ancestors, associated with devotees, feeding Brahmins, planting and watering trees, feeding the poor, sponsoring education and the like. When these activities are performed on this day, one acquires spiritual strengths to perform their prescribed karmas. And as a result, one gradually attains both, spiritual wealth and material opulence.
Akshay Tritiya is falls on the third lunar day of Shukla Paksha of Vaishakha Month (April-May). ‘Vaishakha’ in Sanskrit also means a churning stick. It is the month to churn out the essence, the substance, the most auspicious or the purest. All the festivals falling in Vaishakha Month focus on purifying through the auspicious means. Parashurama Jayanti is celebrated in this month because Lord Vishnu incarnated as Parashurama the Warrior to purify this mother earth of the unruly kings that had plagued her with their atrocities. Ganga Saptami is celebrated in this month because she had descended through Shiva to purify the ancestors of King Bhagirath. Chaitra Purnima in this month is dedicated to Lord Yama purifies the sinned. On this day Sun and Moon are at the height of their brightness on this day. Brightness of the Sun is like consciousness in the body and that of the Moon is like that strength of one’s mind (Moon rules your mind). Both, the mind and the body, can quickly be purified on this day. Once purified, the mind and the body are harmonized to produce a blissful state that everyone in the world aspires to have.
Akshaya Tritiya Significance:
The Sanskrit word
‘Akshaya’ comprises of
‘A’ (not) and ‘Kshaya’
(erode). It means that
which does nor decay,
diminish or erode.
The Sanskrit word ‘Akshaya’ comprises of ‘A’ (not) and ‘Kshaya’ (erode). It means that which does nor decay, diminish or erode. Results of an activity on this day do not diminish. Instead, they multiply. According to scriptures, there are two kinds of activities. One pertains to one’s body (physical/material) and the other to one’s soul (spiritual). The former is subject to erosion (impermanent in nature) and the latter is associated with eternal bliss (permanent in nature). Results from activities associated with the body are not permanent where those from activities associated with one’s true nature (soul) are permanent and never diminish. Therefore, the benefits of performing Meditation, Japa, Yajna, Pitra-Tarpan (offerings to one’s ancestors), Dan-Punya (Charities) on this day are permanent because they satisfy one’s inner self (soul).
Akshaya Tritiya in Jainism, Story of King Rishabha Deva
The Jain community in India commemorates Lord Rishabha’s ending his one year fast by drinking sugarcane juice in his cupped hands on Akshaya Tritiya. Lord Rishabha was the first tirthankara (one who takes others to Tirtha or a holy place across the river of birth and death).
According to the Jain texts, when King Rishabha ruled the earth millions of years ago, people under his rule always prospered because the earth had countless kalpavriksha, the wish-fulfilling trees. There was practically not a single sign of unhappiness, distress or anxiety. When the ager owing to its natural order progressed, the efficacies of those trees diminished and the people started experiencing mental, emotional and bodily discomfort. Soon, they approached the King seeking His help. The King in order to maintain their state of contentment or inner satisfaction taught them six professions:
Lord Rishabha, the first
tirthankar of Jainism,
broke His fast by
sipping sugarcane juice
on Akshaya Tritiya.
- Asi (swordsmanship for protection) for those inclined toward protecting the innocent: Kshatriyas
- Masi (writing skills) for those inclined toward sharing their observations, experiences etc.: Poets, Thinkers and Philosophers.
- Krishi (agriculture) for those inclined toward honoring Bhumi (earth), nature and feeding others: Farmers.
- Vidya (knowledge) for those inclined toward enlightening and spiritualizing others: Brahmins, Seekers, Yogis, Jnanis and Devotees.
- Vanijya (trade and commerce) for those inclined toward earning livelihood for their families and also for sense-gratification: Vaishyas or mercantile communities.
- Shilp (crafts) for those inclined toward finding beauty in natural materials and preserving the cultures: craftsmen, potters and sculptors.
By engaging His people in these activities, King Rishabh ensured that these occupations helped them keep their impermanent bodies (occupied in the prescribed work) and permanent soul (the real unending self) in a complete harmony with each other.
Once, Lord Indra organized a dance performance by the celestial dancers in the royal assembly of King Rishabha. One of the dancers was Nilanjala who, due to vigorous, intensive dance, fainted and died. Shaken by the event, King Rishabha realized that everything in the world is temporary and is destined to be destroyed in due course of time. After this, he renounced everything and wandered as an ascetic until he realized the permanent eternal nature of his real self (soul which does not diminish) and took sugarcane juice, offered by his great grandson, as the first ahara (alms) on Akshaya Tritiya to break his fast.
Akshaya Trititya and Birth of Parashurama
This festival marks the birth of Lord Parashurama, the sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu. ‘Parashurama’ means ‘Rama with an Axe’. He was born in a Brahamana family to Jamadagni and Renuka. He appeared in the times when the earth was burdened by the overwhelming military forces owned by ruthless, demonic Kshatriya kings. When His family was tormented by the ruling class, He picked His axe to teach them a lesson. However, when His father who resisted the confiscation of the family cow was killed, Parashurama picked His axe again and killed all such demonic kings twenty one times.
Lord Parashurama is characterized by aggression, warfare and valor and also by serenity, prudence and patience. He used all the former traits to relieve the earth of those kings restorting her to its natural state and used the latter traits to treat Brahmins, children, women, old men and other weaker sections of the society.
Akshaya Trititya and Mahabharata
The Mahabharata is one of the most scared Vedic epics brimming with moral legends and lofty philosophies. It was compiled by Veda Vyasa and penned down by Lord Ganesh at his request on a condition that the dictations continued without any interruptions or breaks. The entire epic revolves around the struggle to win the throne of Hastinapur (present Delhi). It narrates the story of two sets of cousins--the five sons of the deceased king Pandu and the one hundred sons of blind King Dhritarashtra. The two come become bitter rivals for possession of the ancestral Bharata kingdom with its capital in the "City of the Elephant," Hastinapura, on the Ganga river in north central India.
Vyas Muni recited
to Lord Ganesh on
However the central part of this magnum opus is the Bhagavad Gita, an enlightening conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna. The crux of this conversation is that the physical body (material) is useless, impermanent in nature. What is permanent (Akshaya) is one’s real self (soul). Considering this mystery, one should perform their prescribed duties with the main focus on the unending, eternal soul.
Akshaya Tritiya & Ganga’s Decent on this Earth
It is widely said that Ganga (Ganges) descended on this planet on the day of Akshaya Tritaya. Ganga is one of the seven prominent sacred rivers of India. As per Vedic literatures, a celebrated king by the name Sagara of the Suryavansha dynasty ruled this earthly planet in the Satya Age (Satya Yuga).
Married to the princess of Vidarbha, and the other princess from the royal Sivi dynasty, he was an ancestor of King Bhagiratha, King Dasharatha and Prince Rama (An incarnation of Lord Krishna).
It all started with King Sagara who once, with the help of qualified Brahmins, performed Ashwamedha Yajna , a horse sacrifice where horses (Ashwa in Sanskrit), dear to any king, were to be sacrificed.
on this planet on
the day of
This was in order to prove the King ´s sovereignty. The King of Heaven Indra began who envied the rising sovereignty of King Sagara stole the horses through his mystic powers and left them at the ashram of Sage Kapila. King Sagara’s sons (60,000 in numbers) thinking that Kapila is the thief prepared to attack him but he burned their bodies (cursed them).
Repenting his sons’ reckless act, King Sagara asked Kapila to forgive them. The sage said that they could all be freed from the curse if Ganga Devi comes down to earth and relieves them in her waters. King Sagara’s great-great-grandson, Bhagiratha performed severe penances and pleased Goddess Ganga to descend. However, she said that her incessant currents of water may devastate the earth and desired someone to break the water flow. Bhagiratth prayed to Lord Shiva to break the flow of water. Lord Shiva, pleased with his devotion, fulfilled his desired and took on Him the flow of water onto His head. Later, all the sons of King Sagara returned to their natural state and achieved their eternal (akshaya) posts in the heavens.
Akshaya Tritiya and the story of Sudama meeting Krishna
Who hasn’t read or heard about the glorious meeting of the poor Brahmin Sudama and the royal king of Dwarka, Lord Krishna? On this day, Sudama met his intimate friend Shri Krishna at His royal palace. The Tenth Canto (Skanda) of Srimad Bhagavatam narrates the meeting between the two after a very long time.
Sudama lived a poor life but with all brahminical qualities namely truthfulness, equanimity, sense control, forbearance, simplicity, general knowledge, transcendental knowledge and firm faith in the Vedic wisdom. With these qualities, he was self-satisfied and never hankered after material opulence or wealth.
Both of them studied together at the ashram of Sandipani Muni who was their teacher and spiritual master. Their friendship disregarded a tinge of discrimination on the basis of social division or caste. They friendship was cemented over a period of years until they parted their ways. Sudama with his wife and child continued to face the brunt of poverty and hard times whereas Lord Krishna enjoyed a life full of opulence.
Sudam appeared to be very poor with no rich dress for himself or for his wife; their family condition was not very laudable. The couple was not even eating sufficiently and appeared to be very thin. His wife trembled due to her weak health. She asked her husband to approach Krishna for help. Despite resistance to his wife’s desire, he set out to meet Krishna carrying a bale of chipped rice. When Sudama reached and saw the royal palace of Krishna, he was awestruck and found himself hesitant to offer the paltry chipped rice. Upon hearing Sudama’s arrival, Lord Krishna rushed to receive him. After giving him a pleasing reception, both engaged in friendly childhood talks.
Realizing that Sudama is hesitant to present chipped rice cooked by his wife, Lord Krishna insisted that he without feeling shy offer it to Him. Sudama decided to present it but seeing the royal ladies and staff in their opulent state, he coiled back and decided not to give.
Sudama and Lord Krishna,
the two intimate
on this day.
Out of a friendly gesture, Krishna snatched the chipped rice bale away from him and took a morsel of the same. Rukamani, who is fortune personified or Lakshmi Herself, noticed it and said that when the Lord takes one morsel of food offered to Him in devotion, the devotee’s present life becomes full of opulence. When the Lord takes the second morsel, the next life of his becomes full of opulence.
When Sudama returned his home, he was astonished to see the grand glittering palaces made of valuable stones and jewels with parks full of beautiful men and women, lakes full of lotus flowers and beautiful lilies, and multicolored birds. Seeing the wonderful conversion of his native place, Sudama was speechless and wondering. His wife arrived in a beautiful dress and bowed down at her husband’s feet.
It is said that Lord Krishna and His intimate friend reunited on Akshaya Tritiya. The Lord accepts a devotee in any of these six states: A passive state, an active state, a friend, a parent and conjugal lover. Anyone uniting with the Lord in these states remains with Him eternally. Despite a long separation, Sudama and Krishna had to reunite because of their eternal (akshaya) relationship. Because of this reunion, Sudama achieved unlimited wealth from his friend.
Akshaya Tirtitya and Lord Kubera:
It is said that Lord Kubera received the highly opulent post of controlling unlimited heavenly treasures on this day. Kubera once ruled Lanka but his scheming step-brother Ravana attacked the city and seized everything from him. A demonic Ravana unable to tolerate his brother and banished him. In the Ramayana, his severe tapasay and austere life are described. Vishwakarma constructed a city called Alkapuri near Mount Kailasha. As per the Mahabharata, Lord Brahma bestowed upon him the lordship of wealth, association with Shiva, godhood and the control of North direction. Worshiping Lord Kubera on Akshaya Tritity is auspicious for your hard-earned wealth and assets with his blessings continue to grow.
Akshaya Tirtitya and Pandavas blessed with Akshaya Patra
On this day, the Pandavas received Akshaya Patra (inexhaustible vessel) from the Sun god. When the Pandavas lived in exile, many dignitaries, kings, ministers and other heads from different states used to visit them. Although deprived of their royal opulence and eating roots and fruits, the Pandavas still appeared dignified and humble to receive visitors and guests.
Once, Lord Krishna with an army of His men appeared on the scene to see them. Received well by the five brothers, Lord Krishna realized that Draupadi remained inside the kitchen, hesitant to come out. He walked into the kitchen and greeted His sister. Weeping, she offered Him an empty bowl of rice and regretted her inability to serve Him in the excepted way. He however found one grain of rice and had it, feeling completely satisfied. Not only Krishna did feel satisfied but also the whole universe and every living being felt the same that day because it was offered in love and devotion.
On this day, the
blessed by Krishna
to obtain Akshay
Patra from Sun god.
The above event happened on the day which is celebrated today as Akshaya Tritiya. Lord Krishna blessed then saying they will receive an exhaustible from Surya, the Sun god which will produce and offer unlimited food until Draupadi eats from it last. The food-giving Akshaya Patra gifted to the Pandavas represent the necessities of life. It is the day when one should offer food to the poor an feed Brahmins so that their home is never deprived of food.
What to do on Akshaya Tritiya? How To Celebrate? Buying Gold on Akshaya Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya is considered one of the most auspicious festivals since it is the day of manifold blessings. It marks the setting of Treta Yuga among the other three Yugas (Satya, Dwarpa and Kali). Any good work performed on this day will surely invoke manifold Divine results. Buying gold on Akshaya Tritiya is believed to invite endless fortune into one's life. 'Endless fortune' means auspicious presence of Lakshmi. Reasons to buy gold:
- When it comes to buying gold on Akshaya Tritiya, there are many reasons. The commonest reason is that it is the most auspicious time to purchase wealth especially gold for akshaya means never-ending one who buys wealth on this day sees the increase in opulence.
- It is believed that on this day Kubera attained the post of the treasurer. Therefore, buying and worshiping gold pleases him.
- However an important reason to buy gold on this festival the month of Shravana (July-August). Period between these months is favorable for engagements and marriages. Families in the Hindu society buy gold and ornaments on Akshaya Tritiya two months before Shravana. It makes the most logical sense to buy gold and ornaments in advance. Even marriage ceremony performed on Akshaya Tritiya is considered very auspicious and brings stability and harmony.
Akshaya Tritiya Muhurat Details 2020
|Particular ||Date & Day ||Time starts ||Time ends |
|Akshaya Tithi ||April 25, Sat ||11:51 AM || |
|Puja Muhurat ||April 26, Sun ||6:13 AM ||12:36 PM |
|Akshaya Tithi ||April 26, Sun || ||1:22 PM |
Auspicious time (Muhurat) to buy Gold
|Date & Day ||Time starts ||Time ends |
|April 25, Sat (April 26, Sun) ||11:51 AM ||(6:13 AM) |
|April 26, Sun ||6:13 AM ||1:22 PM |
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Following are the charities (Daanam) one can undertake:
- Jala Daanam: One can offer jala or water to Brahmins with betel nuts and donate to them dakshina, offerings in one's capacity.
- Shayana Daanam: One can donate beds to the needy or the underprivileged.
- Vasthra Daanam: Vasthra means clothes. One may donate clothes to the needy and be blessed with a long life.
- Kunkum daanam: Donating kumkum blesses the donor with higher status in life and the women are blessed with their husbands getting a longer life.
- Chandana daanam: Just like others mentioned above, donation of Sandalwood protects the donor from untimely accidents and inauspicious.
- Thamboolam: Giving Thamboolam or betel leaf invites prosperity into one's life. Thamboolam epitomizes spiritual strength and prosperity. It is believed that the betel leaf was produced during the churning of the ocean aimed at extracting amrita, nectar and the leaf is also the abode of all the demigods.
- Naarikela Daanam: Donating Naarikela, coconuts to Brahmins relieve our ancestors from agonies of the underworld.
- Butter milk daanam: Offering butter milk as a charity blesses the donor with vidya prapti, attainment of knowledge.
- Udakumbha Daanam: Giving water contained in a bronze or silver vessel along with camphor, saffron, basil leaves (Tulasi) and betel nut assures one of having their desires fulfilled soon. Those who seek a suitable life partner, want to have a child and want to get rid of ancestral curses (Pitru Shraap) must perform this charity on Akshaya Tritiya.
- Padaraksha: Donating padaraksha, slippers, shoes, chappals or any footwear will ensure that the donor's life gets purified and is never subjected to entering Hellish planets after death.
- Chatra Daanam: Offering chatra, an umbrella to the needy removes unexpected obstacles from one's life.
Apart from the above donations, one can also donate wheat which is believed to please the King of Heaven, Lord Indra who is in charge of rains. And the sufficient rains help grow plants and vegetation on Earth.
You may select the donation of your choice or may do all of them. With donations you will be able to work out bad karma that is impacting your life and will put you on the path to realize your true self and your relationship with the Creator.
Holy Bath: Taking bath in the holy river rids one of all inauspiciousness and bad karma. One may take bath before sunrise in one of the Holy Rivers; Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Sindhu, Saraswati, Narmada, Krishna, Bhagirathi, Gandaki, Gomathi, Kaveri and Phalgu.
Akshaya Tritiya Special Pujas
Akshaya Tritiya Puja and Yagna
Akshaya Tritiya is one of the highly auspicious days of the year. Performing even an ordinary activity produces good results, what to speak of pleasing the gods? This day dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Lord Kuber and Goddess Lakshmi. Three of them are associated with peace, wealth and auspiciousness. It best to perform this Puja and yagna on Akshaya Tritiya so that you receive material growth and prosperity. Book this puja.
Laxmi Narayana Puja and Yajna
Performing Lakshmi Narayan Puja and Yajna on Akshaya Tritiya is supremely beneficial. One who worships Vishni automatically worships Lakshmi because She eternally lives with Her Lord in Vaikuntha. Whenever He takes an avatar, She follows Him. She is associated with wealth, prosperity and abundance in material as well as spiritual wealth. Book this puja
Kubera Puja Mantra Japa and Yajna
Performing Kubera Puja Mantra Japa and Yajna on Akshaya Tritiya is best for wealth and assets. Kubera the god of wealth is described in various Vedic scriptures as the ruler of north and a protector of the world or Lokpala. He is extolled as the owner of the treasures of the world. Kubera is a devotee and a companion of Lord Shiva. Book this puja
Puja for Purchasing Assets View More Akshaya Tritiya Pujas
This Puja helps in purchase of various assets such as house, vehicle or land. It includes the worship of Goddess Bhumidevi who fulfills your desires and wishes. Goddess Bhumidevi is associated with the energy of land and is also a form of Goddess Lakshmi who denotes fortune and auspiciousness.
Benefits of Akshaya Tritiya Pujas
- Attracts wealth, money and richness
- Offers wisdom, intelligence and prosperity
- Best for success in business and career
- Offers blessings of Lord Narayana and Goddess Laxmi
- For protection, good health and happy family life
- For success and removal of obstacles in Business and Career
- For spiritual upliftment and benefits
- For protection and relief from diseases
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Known as Om Saubhagya Laxmi Ganesh Yantra, this chowki is one of the most auspicious for the worship of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. Best kept in office, shop or show room.
Mahalakshmi Yantra Locket
An energized and auspicious locket that contains the divine energy of Goddess Mahalakshmi. Attracts fortune, abundance, prosperity, progress and income and opportunities in business.
Made in pure silver, this Yantra bracelet brings fortune for those in stock markets or in the fields where speculative skills are required.
Lakshmi Charan Kada For Fortune:
An auspicious bangle (Kada) in pure silver has images of Goddess Laxmi Footprints (Shripada). Wearing this Kada provides upliftment, good fortune and prosperity.
Made in heavy pure silver, this magnificent bracelet has Lord Kuber Yantra on it. The owner of the Yantra will never be lacking money material comforts.
Pure Siddha Parad Mala (Mercury)
A very powerful, energized Pure Siddha Parad Mala made with pure Parad (Mercury) for peace, prosperity, health and spiritual growth.
Dhan Kubera View More Special Products
Dhan Kubera Idol: This idol made of brass attracts abundant wealth, prosperity and success. Best placed at your office or home can increase your wealth.