Shravan Month / Shravan Maas 2020: Shravan Somwar Dates, Time (Muhurat), Fasting, How To Do Puja Vidhi
Of all the months, Shravan Maas (July-August) is considered most auspicious. In 2020, the Maas starts on 21st July (Tuesday) and ends on 30th August (Sunday) in Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu whereas it is celebrated from 6th July (Monday) July to 3th August (Monday) in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar. It is the fifth month of solar year and is also known as Avani in the Tamil scriptures. As per Vedic astrology, when Sun enters the zodiac Leo, Shravan Maas is said to set in. As per lunar calendar, Shravan sets in on the New Moon Day. On Full Moon Day (Punam or Purninma), the divine firmament (sky) is under the celestial sovereignty of Shravan Nakshtra (one of twenty seven Nakshatras). Therefore it is called Shravan. Each day during this month is auspicious for worshipping Shambhu (Shiva). Prayers and Vedic rituals are performed in Lord Shiva temples in order to please Him. Shravan Maas is also a holy month filled with other festivals such as Naga-Panchami, Govatsa, Shravani Purnima , Vara Lakshmi Vrata, Rishi Panchami, Raksha Bandhan, Kalkyavatara and Putradaikadashi.
Northern states such as Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and others celebrate fifteen days before the southern states celebrate.
Since it is the most auspicious period, one can take advantage of it by performing Shravan Maas Shiva Puja. During this month, the cosmos is super charged with Shiva tattvas (Shiva elements) that purify the mind, the senses, the body and the self (Soul) through the rituals dedicated to Lord Shiva. Following pujas can be performed under qualified Brahmins.
Shravan Maas Important Dates 2020:
Dates in Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Dates in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar
July 21 (Tuesday, Maas begins)
July 06 (Monday, Maas begins)
July 27 (Monday)
July 13 (Monday)
Aug 03 (Monday)
July 20 (Monday)
Aug 10 (Monday)
July 27 (Monday)
Aug 17 (Monday)
Aug 03 (Monday, Maas ends)
Aug 19 (Wednesday, Maas ends)
Pujas performed in Shravan Maas
Shravan Somwar Katha
Shravan Somwar Katha and Puja done during the sacred month of Shravan is highly auspicious and rewarding. In this month, each Monday aka Shravan Somvar offers an opportunity to engage in devotional or spiritual activities. Devotees offer Bel leaves and flowers to Lord Shiva and fast till sunset. As Mondays or Somvars of Shravan month are specially observed with austerity. All Mondays during this period are dedicated to worship of Lord Shiva.
Benefits of this puja:
For divine grace and blessings of Lord Shiva
For Removal of malefic effects of various Planets
For health, wealth and prosperity
For success in career, job, business and relationships
For relief and protection against various diseases and ailments
Performing a Shiva Puja at Tryambakeshwar Temple during Shravan is one of the most auspicious spiritual and uplifting activities. Trimbakeshwar temple is one of the ancient Shiva temples and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. The place is highly recommended for Shiva Pujas and religious rituals. Shiva pujas and rituals are for spiritual growth and blessings of Lord Shiva performed by learned scholarly priests as instructed in Vedic scriptures.
Benefits of this puja:
For healthy mind and spirit and all round positivity
For good health and harmony in family
For success and fulfilment of intention
For removal of all planetary dosha and for longevity of life
For energising Rudraksha beads which are a favourite of Lord Shiva
Shri Rudram is one of the oldest names of Lord Shiva. Through the chanting of Sri Rudram, Lord Shiva€™s various attributes and aspects are invoked and worshipped. By the power of Shri Rudram sick become well, the unmarried find the ideal mates, debts are removed, wealth and power are showered and all the ills are kept at bay. The Vedic hymn that extols Lord Rudra is called the Rudra Prashna. Rudra Prashna is also called the Rudradhyaya, the Shatharudriyam or Sri Rudram. This Sri Rudram is found in the mid portion of the Taittiriya Krishna Yajur Veda. Namakam literally means the hymn which is made of Namaha. Namaha in Sanskrit has two meanings. One is Salutations and the other is not mine. Every time when you utter the word Namaha, actually the patterns and karmas get detached from you and get rid of the spell of patterns and karmas. It is said that chanting of Sri Rudram is a direct way to Enlightenment.
Benefits of this puja:
Divine grace and blessings of Lord Shiva
Removal of malefic effects of various Planets
Health, wealth and prosperity
Success in career, job, business and relationships relief
Maha Mrityunjaya Puja is done for a long and healthy life and to get rid of prolonged sickness. Mahamrityunjaya Mahadev is the conqueror of death. The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra helps overcome all sorts of negativities fears and induces a deep spiritual self-realization. Shiva is the Soul and prayer to Him makes one realize the eternity of self and thus removes the fear of death. Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is also known as Mrita-Sanjivini Mantra because it is a component of the "life-restoring practice given to the primordial sage Shukra. The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra is hailed by the sages as the heart of the Veda. Benefits of this puja:
For divine grace and blessings of Lord Shiva
For relief from miseries, troubles, stress and ego
For Deep spiritual realization
For courage and relief from kinds of fears of death and influences of evil planets
Wash beads with water or water mixed with Ganges water every week.
For long and healthy life. For freedom from diseases
Alongside the above popular Shiva Puja, one can perform Mangala Gouri Puja on Tuesday. Goddess Maha Gauri is worshipped for Her blessings for desire fulfillments. Observing fast and worshipping Goddess Mahagauri during Shravan Maas is immensely fruitful, especially for the unmarried girls and married woman.
Teej is chiefly associated with marriage in India. The marriage ceremony is considered as one of the highly honoured rituals in the Vedas. During Teej festival married women fast for the longevity of their husbands. Unmarried girls can also fast and offer prayers for suitable life-partners. Kajari Teej is celebrated on the third day of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) of Bhadrapada (Aug-Sept). Kajri Teej is also known by ‘Kajli Teej’ and ‘Badi Teej’. There other Teej festival also known as Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej. Along with these, we also have Akha Teej popularly known as Akshaya Tritiya.
It is a traditional Vedic worship of snakes or serpents observed by the followers of Vedic customs. The worship, prayers and rituals are performed on the fifth day of bright half of Lunar month of Shravan (July/August).
The divine abode of Nagas is believed to be Naga-loka. The Snake gods are worshipped for the welfare of the family. Serpent deity of silver, stone or wood or the painting of snakes on the wall are given a bath with milk and then respected.
Putrada Ekadasshi is observed for worship of Lord Vishnu. A married couple who is unable to have a male child after marriage for a quite long time observes this Ekadashi by pasting and offering prayers to Lord Vishnu. ‘Putrada’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Putr’ meaning ‘son’ and ‘ada’ meaning ‘bestowing or giving’. The Vedas consider Lord Vishnu who in a sense is Brahma and Rudra Himself, to be the bestower of the benedictions. One may have a question regarding the significance of this Ekadashi and consider it partial toward female child. It is to be understood that it is celebrated by the married couple who have no son after marriage for a quite long time. In the ancient times, when all the daughters were given in marriage to the families worthy of worship, the aging parents who had only daughters needed a son for support as a son with his wife would then take care of their parents.
Varalakshmi or Varamahalakshmi Vrata (9th August 2019, Friday) is dedicated to Goddess of Fortune Lakshmi. It is the only festival wherein the goddess grants boons or wish-fulfillment. ‘Vara’ means ‘Boon’, ‘fulfillment of wishes’. On this day, a special Lakshmi puja is performed in order to please the goddess of fortune auspiciousness. The Sanskrit word ‘Lakshya’ which means ‘aim’ also comes from ‘Lakshmi’. It signifies our purpose (aim) of life to attain both, material prosperity and spirituality. Lakshmi ji when pleased with the pure heart of Her worshipper bestows upon them the both.
It is a traditional Vedic worship of snakes or serpents observed by the followers of Vedic customs. The worship, prayers and rituals are performed on the fifth day of bright half of Lunar month of Shravan (July/August) The divine abode of Nagas is believed to be Naga-loka. The Snake gods are worshipped for the welfare of the family. Serpent deity of silver, stone or wood or the painting of snakes on the wall are given a bath with milk and then respected.
Gayatri Jayanti (15th August 2019, Thursday) is the appearance day of Goddess Gayatri who is regarded as the mother of the Vedic literatures. She is said to be a divine manifestation of all phenomenal characteristics of the supreme Brahman. One often identifies Gayatri with Saraswati. However she is the embodiment of Saraswati, Parvati and Lakshmi, representing knowledge, beauty and opulence respectively. The celebration of Gayatri Jayanti takes place during Shravan Purnima in South India with some celebrating it on Shukla Paksha Ekadashi during the Jayeshtha Lunar month. It is said that Goddess Adishakti took the form of Gayatri and killed the demonic Vetrasura on this day.
Krishna Janmashtami (24th August, 2019, Saturday) or just Janmashtami is a festive ceremony performed across India to celebrate the birth anniversary of Lord Vishnu's eight incarnations, Lord Krishna. It marks the 5246th birth anniversary of the Lord. August-September (Shravana month) is the time when Janmashtami is celebrated. Those who plan to fast on the day of Janmashtami should eat only a single meal on the previous day. During Janmashtami devotees should take a Sankalpa to observe a one-day long fast and break it the next day after Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi are over.
Sawan (Shravan) Shivratri: Date & Auspicious Date (Muhurat)
There are twelve Shivratri days in a year. Devotees or Bhaktas of Lord Shiva offer prayers to Shiva and His divine emblem Shivlings on all shivratris. A Shivratri during Shravan Month is known as Shravan Shivratri. And this Shivratri is best for worshiping or meditating on Lord Shiva. In 2020, Shravan Shivratri falls on 18th July, Saturday with the Nishita Kaal Puja Time from 12:41 AM to 01:07 AM (19th July). On 19th July, we have Shivaratri Parana from 6:15 AM to 4:00 PM. People North India, Kashi Vishwanath and Badrinath Dham visit Shiva temples where in special Pujas dedicated to Lord Shiva are organized. This is the best time to worship Shiva. On this Shravan Shivratri, people also perform Gangajal Abhishek i.e. honoring the holy waters of Ganges.
Significance of Shravan Maas:
Importance of Shravan Month is glorified in many scriptures as the most holy month. Devotees observe austerities, fasts and prayers in this holy month of Shravan. This is the time when Lord Shiva drank the poisonous Halahala that emanated from Samudra Manthan between the Devas and Asuras for the quest of the Nectar (ambrosia). During the Manthan, the ocean produced lots of valuables such as gemstones, Goddesses riches, cows, bows, the Moon, conch etc. which were taken up by gods and demons. Fourteen different gems emerged from the ocean which were divided them. When the Ocean produced the deadliest poison called Halahala, all of them cringed back as it was too dangerous to destroy the universes. It was Shiva who decided to drink it to save the world. His devout wife saw him taking Halahala, she at once held His throat so that the poison wouldn't go down. As a result His throat turned blue and He was called Neelkantha.
What to do during Shravan maas: Spiritual Activities
One must engage in devotional activities such as worship, Sadhanas, meditaion or bhajans at home or in Shiva temples. One must visit Shiva temples during this month. Each day of this month carries spiritual significance.
Monday: is the day to worship Lord Shiva.
Tuesday: women worship Gauri for the better health of their family.
Wednesday: is dedicated to Vithala, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu or Krishna.
"Rudra" means the one who is terribly infuriated, which is one of the divine qualities of Lord Shiva who displays it while performing His cosmic dance, Tandava for the annihilation of creations. Shiva, by the virtue of this quality, is called Rudra. Abhishek means a method of worship offered to the Divine for cleansing all the misgivings, sins of the worshiper. Performing Shiva Abhishek includes the offerings of Panchamrit (mix of milk, honey, sugar, ghee and curd, Ganga jal, ghee, Bael Patra (Bilva leaves), Dhatura and other sacred items dear to Lord Shiva. Rudra Abhishek purifies your mind and body, offers peace, fulfills your desires and enlightens your soul.
You may chant the following Shiva Mantras using a Rudraksha rosary or silently in mind. Chanting may be done at specified time and with specific number of counts (108 times or multiples of it) in the morning or evening, or you may do ajapa-japa, a silent repetition of the mantra throughout the day.
I am None other than Shiva who is the supreme reality. Na-ma-Ha, means None other than
tryambaka yajamahe sugandhi pushtivardhanam
urvarukamiva bandhan mrityormukshya mmrat OM! We worship the Three-eyed Lord Who is fragrant and Who nourishes and nurtures all beings. As the ripened cucumber (without the intervention of the gardener) is freed from its bondage (to the creeper), may He liberate us from death for the sake of immortality.
Om Tatpurushaya Vidmahe Mahadevaya Dhimahi Tanno Rudrah Prachodayat OM! Let me meditate on the great Purusha, Oh, greatest God, give me higher intellect, and let God Rudra illuminate my mind. Also you can read stories of Lord Shiva, read the Shiva Purana and meditate on His holy form. This is true Bhakti. Read More →
Shravan Month Fasting: How To Fast During Shravan, Fasting Rules
Fasting during Shravan Maas has been mentioned in the Shiva Purana. According to Shiva Purana, those who observe fast during Shravan Maas have their desires fulfilled and are blessed with the grace of Shiva. Shravan Maas Somvar is very important for the devotees of Lord Shiva.
There are two ways in which fast can be observed and they are:
Austere Fast: In this type of fasting, a person does not eat anything for an entire day except for drinking water. The fast is broken in the evening after sunset and regular food without onion and garlic is consumed.
Partial fast: In a partial fast one can eat fruits and permitted foods like sabudana and nuts in the day and eat one time meal in the night.
The fast is broken after sunset, although in some cases it continues till next day. Devotees offer their prayers to Lord Shiva and then consume normal food. Another type of fasting is that you can keep a maun vrat (Silence) on one whole day in this month and remember Shiva in your mind.
Can we eat salt in Savan (Shravan) month?
Those who observe strict fasting avoid table salt and take black salt instead. It is advised to avoid non veg, onion, garlic, brinjal and leafy vegetables during this entire month.
Benefits of Fasting on the Somvar (Monday) in Shravan Maas:
Devotees are blessed with spiritual bliss
Improves physical and mental health
Increases willpower and memory
Women who fast on Shravan Mondays (Somvars) get their perfect husband
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