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» Informational Articles » Festivals » Ekadashi 2020: All Ekadashi Names, Types, Significance,

What is Ekadashi?

What is Ekadashi?

Ēkādaśī is an auspicious day which occurs on the eleventh lunar day of the two lunar phases in a month, Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha. In spiritual context, it signifies eleven senses constituting of 5 sensory organs, 5 organs of action and the mind. It is considered to be one of the most auspicious days to observe Vrat (fast). Vrat is observed by controlling the 10 senses and mind and consuming fruit, milk and few vegetables while abstaining from consuming rice, beans and grains. Scientifically, Moon has direct impact on the mental frequency of a person on these days. Thus, Vrat is observed to help direct the high mental energy in right direction and refrain from ill deeds. It is penance done to control our senses and immerse oneself in a higher level of consciousness. There are 24 Ekadashi in a year where each Ekadashi holds a special significance and is associated with different incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

Ekadashi 2020 Iskcon:


Ekadashis are also celebrated on a grand scale by the ISKCON devotees around the world. The Iskcon Ekadasi list for ISKCON is prepared by the Governing Body Commission (GBC) Vaisnava Calendar Committee of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). There is not much difference as it goes by the same same Ekadasi fasting and Parana rules as those followed by Smartians. (Smarta, the followers of Smriti texts, is a non-sectarian society of Hinduism making no difference between Vaishnava, Shaiva or Shakti. They see Brahman (the Divine light) as the source of all deities.

For the Smartians, Ekadashi starts at sunrise and for the Vaishnva (Iskcon) Ekadashi starts at Brhama-muhurata two hours before sunrise.

Importance / Significance of Ekadashi

Significance of Ekadashi

For every 30th and the 48th day, the body reactivates and rejuvenates itself, and consuming a lot of food during that time may create a negative sensation and discomfort in the body. The Vedas recommended undergoing full or partial fast during those three days of Ekadashi. This relates to the waning and waxing cycle of the moon.

The prominent ways of taking up Ekadashi are:

  • Nirjala: It means not to intake any form of food for the whole day.
  • Sajala: It means to run the body for the whole day on water and fruit juices and other liquid food items.
  • Farali: It means to spend the whole body by taking only milk and fruits.
Ekadashi purifies the mind and keeps the body fresh by detoxifying and refreshing the body fluids. It prevents the formation of any kind of tumour and avoids carcinogenic diseases.

  1. It also helps keep the sugar level under control thereby preventing the chances of diabetic diseases.
  2. It helps fat globules convert to energy and hence the unwanted fat and cholesterol is cleansed.
  3. After fasting, the body is more energetic and fresh.

Ekadashi Story

Ekadashi Story

Each Ekadashi from the above-mentioned types has a different story with a historical background. For instance, the Putrada Ekadashi is observed to attain a male child. This comes from a different story where Lord Vishnu had emerged to satisfy His devotee’s desire to obtain a male child. Similarly, Mohini Ekadashi is being followed by people to wipe away their sins done in a previous life. This Ekadashi has its prominence due to the Mohini avatar of Lord Vishnu and so, people who are suffering from previous sins can get relieved with observing such penance. This despite promoting spirituality; also encourages people to worship women on a social cause. Other such Ekadashi stories depict epic puranic stories too. One best example is the Mokshada Ekadashi, which propagates the principles of Mahabharatha, the sermon of Lord Krishna to Arjuna. Each Ekadashi has a different story that convinces the devotee to dedicate himself completely to the ritual so that he can gain the benefits completely.

What to Do on Ekadashi Day? Ekadashi Fasting / Vrat and Puja Vidhi


Fasting is one of the most essential parts of Ekadashi. One should be aware of the puja vidhi of the particular Ekadashi. One should not take any food prohibited during a particular Ekadashi. For instance, Yogini Ekadashi requires a devotee to eat only fruits. So, avoiding unnecessary food items can help you to dedicate yourself to an Ekadashi.

On an Ekadashi, people usually fast for the whole day. Those who cannot fast the whole day observe a partial fast by consuming fruits and liquid items. On some of the Ekadashis the devotees stay awake all night till the dawn and worship Lord Krishna. For instance, on Amalaki Ekadashi, devotees glorify the Amla tree as it is believed to be Lord Krishna’s residence. They offer coconut and flowers before the tree and perform rituals.

Benefits of Ekadashi Vrat

  1. Fasting on Ekadashis increases your spiritual strength.
  2. It increases immunity power of the body.
  3. Fasting helps get relief from all the reactionary sins that committed either knowingly or unknowingly.
  4. It detoxifies your body and replenishes it with fresh energy.

To conclude, ancient practices always lead us towards some amazing path as they would have created such rituals out of their experience. We all know that traditionalism should be protected. Here, it is not about protection, But about the trust and maintenance of the Vedic ritual practice. So, pick up your desired practice and choose the date for that particular Ekadashi to happen and just follow up. Let us embrace traditionalism.


Ekadashi is being strictly followed in many parts of India by Hindus and Jains; and hence, it varies according to certain principles, needs and wants of the devotees. There are nearly 25 different types of Ekadashi being observed in a year to purify one’s mind, senses and body.

Putrada Ekadashi (January)

Date: 6th Jan, 2020; Monday
For a wish to be blessed with a male child.

Satilla Ekadashi (January)

Date: 20th Jan, 2020; Monday
For freedom from sins and attaining the supreme abode

Jaya Ekadashi (February)

5th Feb, 2020; Wednesday
For the merit ten times more than offering thousand cows to a Brahman

Vijaya Ekadashi (February)

19th Feb, 2020; Wednesday
For success in all spheres of life

Amalaki Ekadashi (March)

19th Feb, 2020; Wednesday
For the merit ten times more than offering thousand cows to a Brahman

Papmochani (March)

19th March, 2020; Thursday
(Vaishnava papmochani)
20th March, 2020; Friday:

For freedom from sins and immoral act.

Kamada Ekadashi (April)

4th Apr, 2020, Saturday
For desire fulfilment

Varuthini Ekadashi (April)

18th Apr, 2020, Saturday
For a sinless life filled with happiness.

Gauna Mohini (May)

4th May, 2020, Monday
For a relief of all sufferings

Apara Ekadashi(May)

18th May, 2020, Monday
For name and fame

Nirjala Ekadashi (June)

2nd Jun, 2020, Tuesday
For control over senses and relief from sins and sufferings

Yogini Ekadashi (June)

17th Jun, 2020, Wednesday
For piety and good deeds

Padma / Devashyani Ekadashi (July)

1st July, 2020, Wednesday
For Moksha (liberation)

Kamika Ekadashi (July)

16th July, 2020, Thursday
For freedom from the results of committing the most heinous crime

Aja Ekadashi (August)

15th Aug, 2020, Saturday
For freedom one from all sins and gaining higher consciousness

Parivartini, Parsva or Vamana Ekadasi (August)

15th Aug, 2020, Saturday
For purification of body, senses and mind

Indira Ekadashi (September)

13th Sep, 2020, Sunday
For liberating forefathers from the hell (abode of Yamaraja)

Padmini Ekadashi (September)

27th Sep, 2020, Sunday
For benediction of an enjoyable life and ultimate liberation

Parama Ekadashi (October)

13th Oct, 2020, Tuesday
Helps one to wipe off all the sins that can lead to heaven path.

Papankusha Ekadashi (October)

27th Oct, 2020, Tuesday
For fulfilment of any desire and Moksha (liberation)

Rama Ekadashi (November)

11th Nov, 2020, Wednesday
For elevation of fallen souls to a much higher consciousness

Devathuna or November Ekadasi (November)

25th Nov, 2020, Wednesday
(Vaishnava Devathuna)
26th Nov, 2020, Thursday

For purification of mind and body

Utpanna Ekadashi (December)

11th Dec, 2020, Friday
For the merit ten times more than offering thousand cows to a Brahman

Mokshada Ekadashi (December)

25th Dec, 2020, Friday
For Moksha (Liberation)

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