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The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi falls on 11th. day of Krishna Paksha(waning Moon phase) in Adhik Maas or Mala Maas, which is a leap month/extra Lunar month, as per the Hindu calendar. The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi falls in the month of Shravan(Hindu calendar), which is July-August as per Gregorian calendar. The Adhik Maas occurs once in 3 years and in those years with Adhik Maas, there are 26 Ekadashi, instead of 24. So, Parama Shuddha Ekadashi comes every 3 years. The Adhik Maas is also called Purushottam Maas, named after one of Lord Vishnu's name. This Ekadashi on Purushottam Maas is very significant and auspicious for devotees, especially for the Vaishnava sect, who observe the Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat religiously.

The next Parama Shuddha Ekadashi is in 2023.

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Date & Time(Muhurat) 2023
Parama Shuddha Ekadashi in 2023 is on 12 August, Saturday.
Parama Shuddha Ekadashi in 2023(Hindi) - 26, Shravan(Adhik Maas), Shanivar
Ekadashi Tithi Starts - 05:06 AM on 11August, 2023
Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 06:31 AM on 12 August, 2023
Prana Time - 06:14 AM to 08:19 AM on 13 August, 2023
Dwadashi End Moment - 08:19 AM on 13 August, 2023

The fast must be broken after sunrise the next day of Ekadashi. It is to be noted that one should break the fast (Parana) within Dwadashi Tithi. Dwadashi ends at 08:19 AM AM on 13th August, 2023. Another important consideration is that one must not break the fast during Hari Vasara which is the fourth duration of Dwadashi. The best time to break the fast is pratah kala (morning).

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat (Fast) Significance

The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi is one of the Adhik Mass or Mala Maas Ekadashi, which comes once in 3 years. This Adhik Maas Krishna Paksha Ekadashi is dear to Lord Vishnu, to whom all Ekadashi Vrat observance is dedicated. Observing Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat alleviates poverty, brings prosperity and wealth. It dissolves past sins of the devotees and brings salvation and a place at the Lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, in Vaikuntha. Lord Krishna had explained to King Yudhishthira that the Adhik Maas is as best as the Cow in animals, Brahmin among humans. Observing the Parama Shuddha Vrat is equivalent to the merits that is earned by visiting all pilgrim places and observing all the Vrat/fasts of the year. As mentioned in the Vrat Katha, Raja Harishchandra too had observed this auspicious Vrat and got back his kingdom, wife, child and lost glory. Sincerely observing Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat bestows peace, all round happiness, spiritual advancement, increased awareness, material abundance and much more than the devotees expect.

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Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Presiding Deity

The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi is presided by Lord Purushottama, which is one of the names of Lord Vishnu, the preserver and protector of the Universe. The Sanskrit word Purushottama means Supreme Being. The Adhik Maas is also called Purushottam Maas. Legend has it that the Adhik Maas or Mala Maas was looked down upon and considered inauspicious but Lord Vishnu gave it His name of Purushottam, thereby accepting it as one of the best months. Lord Vishnu's Avatar Lord Shri Rama, the 7th Avatar of Lord Vishnu, was called Maryada Purushottama, the perfect gentleman and Lord Krishna, who is the 8th Avatar of Lord Vishnu is also known as Purushottama. Performing Puja of Lord Purushottama on Parama Shuddha Ekadashi brings His benevolent blessings for devotees and their families.


Padma Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat Katha(Traditional Story of the Fast)

The story of Padma Shuddha Ekadashi was narrated to Maharaj Yudhishthira by Lord Krishna, when the King wanted to know about the Ekadashi which falls in Krishna Paksha of Adhik Maas/Mala Maas. Shri Krishna specified that both the Adhik Maas Ekadashi are blessed and after mentioning the merits of this Ekadashi, He narrated the Vrat Katha.

In the kingdom of Kampilya, lived a humble and pious Brahmin, named Sumedha with his dutiful and pure of heart wife, Pavitra. They were very poor, but any guests who came to their house was treated with respect and were served whatever best food Pavitra could offer to them. Many a times Pavitra had to go starving as she sacrificed her share of food for the guests. Sumedha was sad and worried because of his impoverished state. He told his wife that he wanted to travel to other kingdoms in search of work and earn money and get relief from poverty. Sumedha asked his wife for permission to leave as in Kampilya even though he begged from some of rich families, they never donated well and so they were constantly in a financial strife.

Pavitra, told Sumedha that they may have committed some unforgivable sins in previous births because of which they were suffering financially. She explained that by grace of God whatever money Sumedha is due to get in this life will come to him in Kampilya itself and going to other cities in search of job/earning will be futile. Sumedha was convinced.

Once Rishi Koundilya, a well known Sage, came as a guest to Sumedha's house. Pavitra was the perfect host and did whatever she could to make the Sage comfortable. Pleased with their hospitality. Pavitra asked the Sage for a solution to overcome their poverty stricken condition. Rishi Koundilya advised them to observe a fast/Vrat on the Krishna Paksha Ekadashi of Adhik Maas, Parama Ekadashi. He explained that observing the Vrat on the auspicious Parama Ekadashi removes poverty and the sins of all past and present life are cleansed. Rishi Koundilya added that Lord Kuber, observed this Ekadashi Vrat and was conferred the position of the treasurer of wealth of the Heavenly realm.

On Parama Ekadashi, Sumedha and Pavitra observed fast with sincerity and devotion to Lord Purushottam(Vishnu). Soon after, a Prince visited Kampilya and surprisingly gave Sumeda wealth, a good house, money for living, which made the life of the humble Brahmin and his wife, flourish. Thus by observing the Parama Ekadashi Vrat their poverty state was eliminated miraculously.


What to do on Parama Shuddha Ekadashi

  • On the morning of the meritorious Parama Shuddha Ekadashi, take a bath early in the morning. The devotee should intend on keeping the fast with sincerity.
  • Worship Lord Purushottam/Vishnu with dedication. Offer Bog, flowers, etc. to Him at home. Light a Ghee Lamp in honour of Lord Vishnu. Apply Chandan or Kesar Tilak to the Divine Lord image/idol or Shaligram Shila.
  • Visit temple of Lord Vishnu/Krishna and do puja, chant Mantras and meditate.
  • The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat Katha is a must, to read or hear on this day.
  • Be calm. Stay immersed in bhakti. Chant Mantras and praises of Lord Vishnu, sing Bhajans, read holy books, through the day. Visit Lord Vishnu/Krishna Mandir on Ekadashi if possible.
  • Stay awake through the night of Ekadashi, in full consciousness. Play Music for Lord Vishnu, through the night if possible. If the devotee falls asleep on Ekadashi night then the Vrat is incomplete.

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi (Fasting Procedure)

The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi is said to have been specified by Lord Krishna to King Yudhishthira(eldest of Pandava brothers). As per the rules, devotees should have only one meal on Dashami(the day before Ekadashi) and eat before sunset. It is advised to talk minimum while observing the Vrat, spend maximum time in service of Lord Purushottam. Do not eat or cook in Bell Metal. Devotees should consume 'sattvik' food. Some of the food items which are not allowed to eat include, non vegetarian food, onion, garlic, salt, urad dal(black lentil), rice, spinach, chickpeas, red lentil/masoor dal, honey etc.

The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat starts from early morning on Ekadashi day and lasts till next day, Dwadashi, Prana time, when the fast can be broken. As per ancient texts, charity/ donations of grains, spiritual books, fruit, is auspicious and brings extra blessings of Lord Purushottam.

  • On the Parama Shuddha Ekadashi , take bath at dawn and follow the rituals to take Sankalp(intension) of observing the Vrat(fast). The devotees should specify whether he/she is keeping partial or complete Vrat/fast. Fasting without drinking water or eating food, Nirjala Vrat, is the best Ekadashi Vrat to observe. One can observe partial fast by drinking water and abstaining from food. However, devotees should be aware of what their body and health can tolerate and fast accordingly. Fruit and Milk diet is also a common way to observe fast on this day.
  • Invoke Lord Purushottama/Vishnu for successful completion of the Vrat. Worship Lord Vishnu/Purushottama by following the Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Puja Vidhi.
  • Beans, grains, non-vegetarian food, onion, garlic are prohibited to eat on Ekadashi for devotees who are fasting by eating one meal on Ekadashi and is same for Dwadashi too.
  • As per the rules, sleeping during the day or night during Ekadashi Vrat is prohibited. The devotee should chant/ sing praises of Lord Vishnu, read the Bhagawat Geeta and other holy books through the day and night.
  • Reading the Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Ekadashi Vrat Katha or hearing it, is a must.
  • Gossiping, talking/thinking ill of others or self, does not give the desired outcome of the Ekadashi Vrat.
  • Abstinence from alcohol, drugs, tobacco, other addictions, sex on Ekadashi and Dwadashi has to be observed.
  • Maintain calmness, avoid anger/aggression for the best outcome of observing the Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Ekadashi Vrat.
  • Distribute the Prasad to family members and as many people as possible on Dwadashi.
  • The next morning, on Dwadashi, give Dakshina and other objects in charity to Brahmanas, offer food and respectfully ask them for forgiveness for any offence. Donating to the needy is also advised which garners Lord Vishnu's blessings.
  • Devotees who observe fast should not eat food in other people's house on Dwadashi.
  • For devotees who observe Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat, when breaking the fast, should say the prayer - "O Pundarikaksha, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me".
  • After the prayer the devotee should offer flowers and water at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and request the Lord to eat by chanting the mantra of eight-syllable, thrice: Om Namoh Narayanaya.
  • On Dwadashi only one meal should be eaten and Honey and Urad-dal(black lentil) should not be consumed.

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Puja Vidhi(Pooja Procedure)

On Parama Shuddha Ekadashi, the presiding Deity Lord Purushottam or Vishnu is worshipped.

  • On Parama Shuddha Ekadashi, after taking a bath early in the morning and wearing fresh clothes, take sankalp of Vrat/fast to put forward your intention.
  • Light a Ghee Lamp in your Puja Mandir/Alter.
  • Perform Abhishek of Lord Purushottam/Vishnu with Gangajal(holy water of Ganges river) and Tulsi leaves. Devotees who have the sacred Shaligram Shila at home should perform Abhishek of Shaligram with Tulsi, Water and Panchamrit (mix of fresh Cow's milk, Honey, Curd, Ghee, Sugar), apply Chandan Tilak on the Shaligram.
  • Tulsi leaves are very important for worshipping Lord Vishnu as they are His favourite.
  • Offer fresh flowers and offer Bhog.
  • Perform Aarti of Lord Purushottam
  • Chant Lord Vishnu/Krishna Mantras. Reciting the Vishnu Sahasranama on Ekadashi is meritorious.
  • On this day Goddess Laxmi(consort of Lord Vishnu) and Tulsijee is worshipped too.
  • Constantly chant Lord Vishnu Mantras, sing His praises through the day and night.
  • In the evening, perform Aarti, along with your family members.
  • Stay in a spiritual mode throughout the day and night.
  • Remain awake through the day and night consciously. At night play music, sing Bhajans and be in service of Lord Purushottam.
  • Before breaking the fast on Dwadashi, offer flowers, Bhog to Lord Vishnu/Purushottam.

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Puja Benefits

The Parama Shuddha Ekadashi brings benevolent grace of the Lord Vishnu/Purushottam which is desirable for all devotees. Parama Shuddha Ekadashi is an important and auspicious day as it falls in the Mala Maas or Adhik Maas. The Puja performed on this day brings prosperity, good fortune, peace, good health, success, good luck, material contentment, worldly and spiritual pleasures, righteous living, harmonious relationships among family members, joy, abundance and invincible protection of Divine.


Parama Shuddha Vrat (Fast) Benefits/ Parama Shuddha Vrat(Fast) Significance

  • Observing Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Vrat meticulously, pleases Lord Purushottama(Vishnu), the presiding Deity of this Ekadashi.
  • Parama Shuddha Vrat when observed perfectly alleviates poverty, miseries, and brings prosperity, wealth, flow of money, success, abundance in all aspects of life and bestows a happy contented life.
  • Desires of devotees are fulfilled when this Adhik Maas Krishna Paksha Ekadashi Vrat is observed.
  • It is mentioned in the ancient texts, if Ekadashi Vrat is observed without the intention of fulfilment of a certain wish and just done for devotion, it blesses the devotee with life changing benefits, by the grace of Lord Vishnu/Krishna.
  • Observing Ekadashi Vrat relieves devotees of sins and after death the soul of the devotee is liberated and reaches the abode of Lord Vishnu.
  • This auspicious day of Ekadashi offers an opportunity for the devotees to focus only in Lord Vishnu, chant Mantras and sing His praises, which helps to garner the blessings of the Lord and adds to the fruits earned by the devotee in his/her spiritual journey.
  • Observing complete fast on Parama Shuddha Ekadashi detoxifies the body and rejuvenates the energies of the devotees. It also helps to have control over one's senses while performing the Vrat, especially the Nirjala Vrat.
  • It elevates the devotees to a higher consciousness.
  • The Parama Shuddha Vrat brings miraculous transformation in the life of devotees.

Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Puja & Vrat (Fasting) Mantras

On Parama Shuddha Ekadashi Lord Vishnu/Krishna Mantras are popularly chanted.

Om Namo Narayanaya
Om Namah Bhagavate Vasudevaya
Hare Krisha, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare,
Hare Ram Hare Ram, Ram Ram Hare Hare

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