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EKADASI- Putrada Ekadasi or Pausha-Shukla Ekadasi

Ekadashi Meaning

Ekadashi is considered the most important fast as per the Hindus. Lord Vishnu is the Divine deity to whom this holy day is dedicated. There are 24 Ekadashis in a year, with each month having two Ekadashis. The Hindu Lunar calendar has two Lunar cycles, the Shukla Paksha or the bright fortnight and the Krishna Paksha or the dark fortnight. Ekadashi is the 11th day of each of the fortnights and both Shukla Paksha Ekadashi and Krishna Paksha Ekadashi have equal importance.

On the day of Ekadashi, devotees keep fast which starts from Sunrise of Ekadashi Tithi to the Sunrise of the following day. Observing Ekadashi fasts by following the rules showers the devotee with immense blessings of Lord Hari/Vishnu.

About: Putrada Ekadasi or Pausha-Shukla Ekadasi

The Ekadasi which falls on the fortnight of the bright phase of the Moon or Shukla Paksha in the month of Pausha, as per Hindu calendar, is called Putrada Ekadasi or Pausha- Shukla Ekadasi. According to the Gregorian calendar, it falls in the month of December-January.

On Putrada Ekadasi, the deity of worship is Narayana who bestows His devotee’s blessings of wish fulfilment and happiness in all aspects of life.

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Putrada Ekadashi 2021 Dates

Putrada Ekadashi 2021 is on 24th January, Sunday.

Putrada Ekadashi Parana

On 25th January, Parana Time - 08:29 AM to 10:19 AM
Parana Day Dwadashi End Moment - 07:54 PM
Ekadashi Tithi Begins - 04:26 PM on Jan 23, 2021
Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 06:27 PM on Jan 24, 2021
(Parana means breaking the fast and it should not be done during Hari Vasara)

Those who observe the fast must break it after sunrise the next day of Ekadashi. It is to be noted that one should break the fast (Parana) within Dwadashi Tithi. Dwadashi ends at 7:54 PM on 25th January. Another important consideration is that one must not break the fast during Hari Vasara which is the fourth duration of Dwadashi.
The best time to break the fast is pratahkala (morning).
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Significance of Putrada Ekadashi

Observing completes fast by following all the rituals and rules of Putrada Ekadasi/Pausha-Shukla Ekadasi blesses the devotee with a son. Putrada means giver of a son. It washes away all sins of the devotee and helps to elevate transcendentally, gives name, fame and wisdom.

The ancient text has Lord Krishna explaining to Yudhisthira about the importance where the Lord has said it is greater than all sacrifices or charity to the needy or the sacrifice of Horses(Ashvamedha) or even seeing Lord Vishnu Himself. It is said that one who observes fast on this day, adhering to the rules, will be liberated and get a place in Lord Vishnu's abode. This is the most important fasting to please Lord Vishnu.

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Story Behind Putrada Ekadashi

The story of Putrada Ekadasi or Pausha-Shukla Ekadasi is from Bhavishya Purana written by Sage Veda Vyasa.

Lord Sri Krishna, on being asked by Yudhishtira about the Ekadashi in Shukla Paksha of Pausha month, narrated the story of Putrada Ekadasi.

The kingdom of Bhadravati was ruled by King Suketumaan and his Queen's name was Shaibyaa. Though King Suketumaan was good and kind he was tormented by the fact that he did not have a son. The same fact worried his beloved wife Shaibyaa as well. As days and months passed both the King and Queen became more and more anxious. Not having a son meant that he will not have anyone to inherit his kingdom and this was a tormenting thought for the King.

The troubled King Suketumaan started spending more time in his wife's quarter. For both of them, the constant question was how they could have a son but no effort yielded a positive result. Life became miserable for the King as nothing or no one could make him happy in his kingdom or palace. Distressed, the King and the Queen thought that they would not have During this time King Suketumaan and Queen Shaibyaa offered Tarpana to their forefathers but even that did not give solace to them, rather their unhappiness knew no bounds when they got to know that their forefathers were unhappy that there would not be anyone to carry on their lineage and no one to further offer Tarpana to them, after the King.

As the days passed the King got more depressed and spent sleepless nights thinking about how he will pay back the debts of his forefathers and Demi-Gods if he does not get a son. It is considered that having sons and grandsons in this life, reflects the pure activities of the person since his/her past lifetimes and that the person has been devoted to Lord Vishnu/ Lord Sri Krishna.

King Suketumaan's constant depressive and anxious thoughts lead him to think about ending his own life as he thought that life was useless without a son. However, he realized that committing suicide leads to suffering in hell, so he controlled himself. However, in the mental state that he was, he rode off in his horse to the jungle one morning without even informing his wife.


King Suketumaan wandered in the forest aimlessly and came across many wild animals like Deer, Tigers, snakes, boars, leopards and many species of Elephants standing with their mates and claves close by. The king felt bad remembering his palace and the assortment of Elephants, horses etc that he had. By midday, in the forest, he started feeling thirsty and hungry. He got overwhelmed thinking about his pitiable situation, without food, water, not knowing where he will go or do among wild animals and above all the unhappy state of not being able to have a son to continue his lineage, to take over his throne. He thought that all the sacrifices, yajnas, charity to Brahmins and whatever pious rituals or activities he had performed had failed to give him a son. He wondered what grave sins he had done to be going through such pain?. Thus obsessed with similar kinds of thoughts, while wandering in the forest he saw a pond bejewelled with blooming Roses and Lilies and there were ashrams of Sages around.

On sighting this scene, King Suketumaan's right eye and right arm started slightly quivering, which is considered a good omen, a 'sakuna' sign, for males. The King brightened up a bit knowing something good is going to happen. He then saw a group of Sages sitting beside the pond and chanting God's name on Japa malas(chanting beads). The King went up to the sages and paid obeisance to them and addressed them with praises and requested them to reveal their identity. The sages replied saying that they were the ten sons of Vishva, the Vishvadevas and had come to the beautiful pond to bathe. They also informed the King that that day was Putrada Ekadasi and added that anyone desiring a son should keep a fast by observing all rules on Putrada Ekadasi and will be surely rewarded with a son. Hearing this King Suketumaan told them that his many efforts at having a son had failed, that he had performed many religious and pious activities but they too had not helped to have a son.

The holy Sages advised the King to follow the Putrada Ekadasi for the day and blessed him saying that since they had the powerful blessings of Lord Vishnu in them, earned by their spiritual devotion and activities, their blessings and good wishes to the King will reward him with a brilliant son.

The King was happy to hear this and kept the fast of Putrada Ekadasi following every rule meticulously. The next day i.e. Dwadasi, the king broke his fast and after many salutations to the Sages, the King thanked them and left-back for his palace.Within a short period, Queen Shaibya was pregnant and later gave birth to a bright son. The happiness and joy of the King and Queen knew no bounds, after all, they now had a son. The son later grew up to be an intelligent and brave Prince, who was compassionate to the subjects and everyone, just like his father. Eventually, King Suketumaan handed over the reign of his kingdom to his brilliant son.

Lord Krishna completed the narration of Putrada Ekadasi story by once more highlighting the importance of fasting on this day by the rules and also added that anyone who even listens or reads the story of Putrada Ekadasi gets the merits of performing a Horse sacrifice.

Rituals: What to do on Putrada/Pausha-Shukla Ekadashi?

As other Ekadasis, following the rules of Ekadasi rigorously is very important.
1) One day before Putrada Ekadashi, which is the 10th day of the Krishna Paksha, the person should clean his/her teeth thoroughly in the afternoon and have supper at Sunset hour.
2) On the morning of Ekadashi, the person should intend on keeping the fast meticulously. The person should have a bath in a river (which is said to be most purifying) or a lake and in both not being available, bathe with pond water. 3) While bathing the person should smear mud on his/her body with chanting a prayer to Mother Earth.
The prayer - O Asvakrante! O Rathakrante! O Vishnukrante! O Vasundhare! O Mrttike! (O Mother Earth! please remove all my sins accumulated from past lives so that I may enter the abode of the Lord Vishnu the Supreme Lord)
4) Worship Lord Govinda with complete dedication and Offer an excellent 'Bhog' (food to Divine) along with flowers and other things of the offering.
5) Light a lamp at home in honour of the Lord
6) Chant or sing praises of Lord Vishnu throughout the day and remain in a most blissful state during the fast.
7) Stay awake through the night in full consciousness. If possible play musical instruments throughout the night to please the Lord.
8) The next morning the person should give charity to Brahmanas and respectfully ask them for forgiveness for any offence.
9) For people who keep a complete fast till the next day, one should say the prayer - "O Pundarikaksha, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me".
10) After the prayer the devotee should offer flowers and water at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and request the Lord to eat by chanting the mantra of eight-syllable, thrice. To garner the full merits of the fast, the devotee should have water which has been offered to the Lord.
11) Fire sacrifices can be performed if the devotee chooses to do so

The day of Ekadashi till the next morning the devotee should involve in taking baths, singing and chanting praises of the Lord, meditating on Him and worship Him with complete devotion, involve in activities of devotion and doing charity.

Fasting Rules

As per specifications in the ancient texts, to get the benefits of the fasting on Ekadashi the person should adhere to the rules strictly.

  • The devotee observing fast should have a bath on the morning of the Ekadashi.
  • Beans and grains are prohibited to eat on Ekadashi.
  • The killing of any animal is prohibited on this day for the devotee.
  • Sleeping during the day is not allowed on Ekadashi and the next day that is on Dvadashi.
  • The devotee keeping fast should not meet or interact with any cheats, frauds or people involved in any nefarious activity. The scriptures even say that if by chance the devotee comes into proximity of such a person then one should purify by standing under the sun and looking directly at it.
  • Abstinence from sex on Ekadashi and Dwadashi.
  • On Dwadashi (the day after Ekadashi), devotees are not to eat in another person's house, have only one meal, Honey and Urad-dal (black lentil) is not to be consumed, eating on Bell Metal plate or cutlery, and should not massage oil on the body.
  • As per the ancient text, if the devotee has to speak to a person from the lower caste, then he/she will have to purify himself by eating Tulsi leaves or an Amalaki fruit.
  • If due to any reason the devotee is not able to break the fast on the next day, then he/she should have water to signify the completion of the fast and later have food when convenient.

Special Pujas For Putrada Ekadashi

Santan Gopal Yagna

Santan Gopal Yagna

Santan Gopal Puja performed on Shravan Putrada Ekadashi is highly auspicious for the couples unable to have a child. Birth of a child is the greatest joy in a family. Blessings for parenthood and a healthy child are always sought from the Lord. Any woman longs to have a child after her marriage but due to some circumstances or karmic reactions, she may not be able to do so. For such women, Santan Gopal Puja and Yagya is highly recommended. It is performed as instructed in the scriptures.


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Vishnu Sahasranamam

Vishnu Sahasranamam

You can also perform a Vishnu Sahasranama Puja under qualified Brahmins on Shravan Putrda Ekadashi. Vishnu Sahasranama Puja includes devotional Vedic hymns that glorify one thousand names of Lord Vishnu. These hymns are described in the 149th chapter Anushasanika Parvam of the Mahabharata. Bhishma Pitamaha teaches the Vishnu Sahasranama to King Yudhisthira, the eldest of Pandavas. The puja includes Vishnu- Lakshmi Abhishek and Pujan, Vishnu mantra Japa- 1100 times, Vishnu Sahasranama Strotra followed by Homa and Aarti. This puja includes Vishnu- Lakshmi Abhishek and Pujan, Vishnu mantra Japa- 1100 times, Vishnu Sahasranama Strotra followed by Homa and Aarti.

Benefits of this puja:

  • Best for those seeking to build wealth and double their investment
  • Gives success at personal and professional levels
  • Grace of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi
  • Removes inauspiciousness from your home

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