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Surya Saptami

Bhanu Saptami also known as Surya Saptami, Maghi Saptami, Achala Saptami, Surya Jayanti and Ratha Saptami is observed on the seventh day of the Shukla Paksha in Magha. It is known as Surya Jayanti since it is believed that it was on this day that Surya dev illuminated the world. On this day, the devotees worship the sun in order to please him and acquire his blessings. The seventh day of the waxing lunar moon is dedicated to Surya dev. People who worship Surya are bestowed with wealth, longevity, good health and vitality. It is believed that those who observe a fast on this day get rid of physical ailments. It also alleviates sins from past and present life.

Bhanu Saptami 2023: Date &Time

Sunday, February 26, 2023
Begins on February 26 at 12:20 A.M.
Ends on February 27 at 12:59 A.M.

Bhanu Saptami Rituals

It is recommended to wake up early and take a bath before Brahma Mahurat. While taking a bath, leaves of Ixora Calotropis (aark flowers) and turmeric rice are placed on the head. Then water is poured on the head. Women draw colourful rangolis in the courtyard of their homes to welcome the auspicious rays of the sun. Observe a fast and offer Arghya to Lord Surya at the time of sunrise. It is recommended to chant Om Ghrani Suryaye Namah and Om Suryaye Namah. Prasad, flowers, and water are offered to Lord Surya. Chant mantras associated with Goddess Ganga to invoke her blessings. Place a Surya Yantra at the puja altar at home.Milk is boiled in an earthern pot and is kept facing the sun. It is said that when the milk is boiling it reaches the sun. Kheer is prepared from twelve heaps of grains and wheat. It is offered to Surya Dev in the form of prasad and donated to the Brahmins.

Surya Mantra

Om Mitraay nam:, Om Ravaye nam
Om Sooryaay nam; Om bhaanave nam
Om Khagaay nam:, Om pooshne nam.
Om Hiranyaayagarbhaay nam:, Om mareeche nam
Om Savitre nam:,Om aarkaaya nam:,
Omaadinaathaay nam:, Om bhaaskaraay nam
Om Shree Savitasooryanaaraayana nam


People who are less confident or introvert must put red flowers in the copper kalash and offer Arghya to Surya dev. People who have ill health, eyesight problems and existential fears must offer Arghya early in the morning facing the east direction.

Story of Bhanu Saptami

Story of Bhanu Saptami

Bhanu Saptami signifies the day when Surya dev ascended on earth on a golden chariot engulfed by a sacred lotus. The seven horses which drew the chariot represent the seven rays of the sun. Aruna, a charioteer of sun shielded the earth from scorching heat. People who worship the sun and observe a Bhanu Saptami fast are blessed with sound health and good fortune. The Chandogya Upanishad describes the process of creation when the cosmic egg split into two halves, one gold and the other silver. The silver part became the earth while the golden one became the sky. The outer cover manifested as the mountains and the inner cover as snow and clouds. The arrival of the sun God induced life on earth. Surya dev lit up the world with his light for the first time on Bhanu Saptami. Hence, it is considered as the birthday of the sun. It is highly significant for devotees all over the world since it is believed that by worshipping Surya dev and observing a fast, you can get rid of all sins. Taking a bath on Bhanu Saptami before sunrise shall keep diseases at bay. Hence, it is also called Aarogya Saptami.

Bhanu Saptami Vrat Katha

Once Indumati asked sage Vashishtha how to attain moksha. After listening to Indumati, Vashishtha advised her to observe a Bhanu Saptami fast. Indumati heeded the advice and became an Apsara in heaven.

Bhanu Saptami puja vidhi

Bhanu Saptami puja vidhi
  • Wake up early and take a dip during Arunodaya. Offering water to the sun on this day enhances concentration, alleviates mental stress and attracts financial progression.
  • After a bath, worship Surya dev by offering “Arghya.” While offering “Arghya” chant Surya mantra.
  • Pour water from an urn and fold your hands in the Namaskar mudra.
  • Light a lamp of pure ghee and worship Surya dev with camphor, incense and red flowers.
  • The combination of the sun with Ketu, Mars and Rahu can create doshas.
  • Devotees are advised to make donation of fruits, clothes etc. to the poor.

Fasting rules of Bhanu Saptami

Bhanu Saptami fast commences in the morning and concludes after sunset. It is recommended to abstain from drinking water and consuming food. You can have water, milk, and fruits as a milder form of fasting. Devotees who keep a fast should not consume salt upon breaking the fast.

Benefits of keeping fast on Bhanu Saptami

Surya - Sun - Grah Puja Mantra Japa and Yagna
  • Devotees who perform yajna and chant mantras receive blessings and grace of Surya dev.
  • Worshipping the sun religiously attracts good health, keeps diseases at bay and invokes positive attitude.
  • Devotees who take a dip in the Ganges river on the eve of Bhanu Saptami shall not face poverty in their lives.
  • Women who perform Bhanu Saptami puja shall not become widows in their next reincarnation.
  • The sun represents masculine energy. Therefore worshipping Surya dev on this day improves the relationship between father and son.
  • You can perform Surya Dev puja on auspicious occasion of Bhanu Saptami.
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