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Guru Dattatreya Jayanti

Guru Dattatrey

In Hinduism, Brahman denotes the highest universal principle, the ultimate reality in the universe. It is believed that a trinity of Hindu Gods exists. It constitutes Brahma – the Creator, Vishnu – the Preserver, and Shiva – the Destroyer. These three Gods denote the cyclical nature of our existence from birth, maintenance, obliteration to subsequent regeneration.

A collective form of the Hindu male divine trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva is the deity Dattatreya (Datta). Datta Jayanti also referred to as Dattatreya Jayanti, is a Hindu festival that celebrates the birth anniversary of the Hindu deity Dattatreya.

What is Dattatreya Jayanti?

Sri Dattatreya Jayanti is commemorated on the Purnima day of the Margashirsha month. Lord Dattatreya is known to steer the worshippers to live a thriving and ideal life. Venerating Lord Datta helps the souls of ancestors of family members to offer momentum on their voyage after dying. It is believed that the three heads of Lord Dattatreya are known to stand for tranquility, harmony and success.

Lord Dattatreya is believed to be a divine form of both a deity as well as a Guru. This is why he is also renowned as Shri Gurudevdutt among his ardent worshippers. Guru Dattatreya was believed to be a divinity for both Nathpanth and Sufi and they venerated him with utmost devotion. In the Vaishnava-Shaiva sect as well, he was referred to as Guruswami, Gururaj and Gurudevji. He is also renowned as the Guru of the Gurus. The root of the idea of social equality and fraternity was initiated by Lord Dattatreya.

According to Shrimad Bhagavata scriptures, Dattatreya acquired wisdom and insight from twenty-four Gurus and the Datta sect materialized in the name of Lord Dutt. As per a religious survey, there are numerous shrines in South India that are devoted to him. All the desires of devotees are fulfilled by conducting puja on the auspicious occasion of Purnima in Margashirsha month for venerating Lord Dattatreya. This sacred day is celebrated as Dattatreya Jayanti.

A couple of Hindu texts also believe that he is the reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is also said that in the previous eras, the carnage of demonic forces rose significantly hence Lord Dattatreya incarnated in various forms and annihilated the Asuras. On Dattatreya Jayanti, Shri Datta’s principle is 1000 times more dynamic on Earth as opposed to any other day. By revering Lord Dattatreya with utmost sincerity and dedication, worshippers can gain a lot of benefit from the Datta principle. It is assumed that the occasion of Lord Dattatreya Jayanti can alleviate the major issues of life and eliminate the hurdles from the path of success of a human being.

In the upcoming year, Dattatreya Jayanti date is on 7th December 2022. Purnima Tithi begins from 8:01 AM on Dec 7th, 2022 to Purnima Tithi ends at 9:37 AM on 8th December 2022.

 

Iconography of Lord Dattatreya

Lord Dattatrey

The appearance of Lord Dattatreya changes as per traditional beliefs. A characteristic icon of Dattatreya, especially famous with Marathi folks in India, sports three heads matching Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva, and has six hands.

The six hands of Shri Dattatreya are carrying Shankh, Chakra, Gada, Trishul, Kamandal and a begging vessel. The Shankh is known to stand for the divine sound and is assumed to offer wisdom and spiritual enlightenment. The Chakra represents time and stands for the fact that life is the amalgamation of both favorable as well as unfavorable times. The Gada is believed to be a mark of pride and it suggests living life with the feeling of love and compassion.

The Trishul denotes triple energies of materialization, spirituality and the third energy that preserves a balance between these two. The Kamandal denotes a little port comprising water and it indicates that Lord Dattatreya is the carrier of life on earth. The begging vessel suggests that the individual should give up his pride, negativity, ego and evil thoughts. They should get rid of those evil energies.

Therefore, all these six things imply the significant facts of life that ought to be followed by human beings to live a content and hassle-free life. In this way, Lord Dattatreya showcases the road to success and knowledge to the worshippers that aid them to attain happiness and prosperity in life.

Another characteristic feature of Dattatreya iconography is that it also comes with four dogs and a cow. The four dogs are meant to stand for the Vedas as loyal – all-weather friends, companions and guardians, while the cow is regarded as a metaphor for mother earth who wordlessly offers nourishment.

 

Significance of Lord Dattatreya

Some experts believe that since Lord Dattatreya was believed to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, thus his quest was to instill creativity, develop devotion and nourishment to the people of the globe. His objective was to teach people how to live a happy and ideal life. This deity also assists the souls of ancestors of family members to deliver energy in their expedition after death.

The deity is venerated to signify that God is omnipresent and is always present with everyone. A sense of unity and oneness is witnessed in individuals and they acknowledge the existence of God in each and every person. The three heads of Lord Dattatreya are renowned to denote serenity and peace. The worshippers are blessed with a serene and fruitful life. An individual is able to lead their life with love and compassion and his company draws the attention of others towards him.

 

History of Dattatreya Jayanti (Dattatreya Story)

Mythology surrounding Lord Dattatreya

Guru Dattatreya Story

Lord Dattatreya was believed to be the son of Anasuya and Sage Atri. Anasuya was believed to be a quintessential chaste and pious wife. She performed rigorous austerities to birth a son who is equal in merits to Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva, the holy Trimurti.

Once Narada Muni visited heaven to meet Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. But he was unable to visit the holy trinity. Instead, he met their respective consorts – Goddess Parvati, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati. To get them to lose their pride, Naradji told the three wives that he has traveled around the world but he has not met a righteous and honorable wife, a woman of modesty and virtue such as Anasuya, the spouse of Atri Rishi. He also said that the three consorts are behind them in being staunch followers of the sacred religion. Hearing this, their ego was bruised and they became jealous.

After Naradji left, the three Goddesses implored their respective husbands to annihilate the Sati Dharma of Anasuya. At the same time, the Tridev arrived at the abode of Atri Muni. All three Gods had the same intention. They wanted to test the virtuousness of Anasuya. They hatched a plan together where the three deities disguised themselves as sages and begged for alms from Anasuya. They conveyed their wish to eat. Since Anasuya believes hospitality to be her religion, she asked them to come after bath and will cook meals for them.

After the three deities returned after taking a bath, Anasuya requested them to take a seat. On this, the three Gods told her that they can take a seat only when she feeds them in their natural state – without clothes. To this, Anasuya began uttering a sacred mantra and sprinkled water on the three mendicants, thereby transforming them into babies. She donated the alms as they desired.

Anasuya recounted the tale to Sage Atri. He embraced the three babies, turning them into a single infant with three heads and six arms. As the Hindu deity trinity did not come back, their respective wives got worried and concerned. The Goddesses begged for forgiveness from Anasuya and asked for their spouses to be returned to them. Then, the Trinity materialized in their true avatar and bestowed Atri and Anasuya with a son named Dattatreya. He is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, while his siblings – the moon-God Chandra and the Sage Durvasa are believed to be forms of Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva respectively. Datta Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate and honor Lord Datta on his birth anniversary.

Lord Datta Jayanti Significance

It is thought that Lord Dattatreya has the same powers that the Holy Trinity has. He alleviates major issues of life and eliminates obstacles from you achieving that path of success. The worshippers are bestowed with the powers of the trinity and the will to attain success in life. The six hands of Shri Dattatreya carried Shankha, Chakra, Gada, Trishul, Kamandal and a begging container.

The three-headed deity is celebrated with grand pomp and fervor on Datta Jayanti in numerous temples in many states comprising Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. On this day, the temples are adorned and devotees sing devotional songs devoted to Lord Dattatreya. They also wake up early to cleanse themselves and after this, they conduct puja at home or pay a visit to the temple to venerate Lord Dattatreya.

It is believed that worshippers pray to Lord Dattatreya on this auspicious occasion with utmost sincerity and commitment so all their wishes are fulfilled. There are several temples devoted to Lord Dattatreya, particularly in Southern India. He is also a well-known deity in Maharashtra.

 

How to Celebrate Dattatreya Jayanti?

Datta Jayanti Puja Vidhi

Datta Jayanti Puja Vidhi

Similar to another puja, the worshippers wake up early to cleanse themselves in holy water and keep a fast for the auspicious day. Particular flowers, incense sticks, lamps and sweets are presented during the puja ceremony. Devotees should sing devotional songs and peruse them through a devotional book such as Avadhuta Gita and Jivanmukta Gita.

During the course of the puja, worshippers need to apply sandalwood paste, vermillion and turmeric to the idol or image of the deity. It is also significant that after the puja starts, devotees need to go around seven circles around Lord Datta’s idol and offer prasad and aarti to everyone present in the puja. Reciting Datta Jayanti mantras such as ‘Sree Guru dattatreyaya namah’ or ‘Om Shri Gurudev Datta’ are great for purity for the mind as well as the soul. They also take time out to read Datta Mahatmya, Datta Prabodh and Guru Charitra and sing Bhajans for all the five days when this festival is commemorated.

Datta Jayanti is observed with grand pomp and fanfare in temples. The temples devoted to Dattatreya are housed all over India such as Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. Temples such as Manik Prabhu have a seven-day festival devoted to Lord Datta and a lot of celebration occurs from Ekadashi to Purnima. Moreover, seven days prior to Dattatreya Jayanti, chanting recitation of the Shri Gurucharitra is a vital traditional ritual that begins the festival.

 

Benefits of Celebrating Dattatreya Jayanti

Benefits of Celebrating Dattatreya Jayanti

The auspicious occasion is believed to offer worshippers the power of concentration and enhance their capability of learning new things. A sense of dedication and commitment is developed in people and they are able to thrive and flourish in their life.

Devotees used to surrender themselves before Lord Dattatreya who is considered to be omnipresent. He offers people strength and enhances their intellect. He is believed to destroy the ego and thus it is said that the individual begins behaving with compassion, love and care with everybody.

According to the Dattatreya Upanishad, the devotees who keep fast and perform Datta Jayanti puja on the eve of Dattatreya Jayanti are granted numerous blessings and benefits.

The devotees will have their material and wealth wishes fulfilled. Supreme knowledge as well as the achievement of life’s objectives and goals will be achieved. The worshippers will be able to be free of anxiety and also unknown fear. Lord Dattatreya will help you in eliminating malefic planetary afflictions. The deity will aid you in removing all mental sufferings and any ancestral issues. Worshipping Lord Datta assists in attaining righteous paths in life. You will be able to free your soul from all the karmic bonds. The devotees will be able to develop a liking towards spirituality.


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