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What is the meaning of Jyotirlinga?

Jyotirlinga is a manifestation of every different form of Lord Shiva and there are twelve such Shiva Jyotirlingas across India. Devotees of Lord Shiva consider visiting these Jyotirlingas to be very auspicious as every temple is known for its supreme powers of Shiva. You can find the 12 Jyotirling names and place list below:

12 Jyotirling name 12 Jyotirlinga Locations
Somnath Gir, Gujarat
Mallikarjuna Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
Mahakaleshwar Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Omkareshwar Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh
Kedarnath Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand
Bhimashankar Pune, Maharashtra
Kashi Vishwanath Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Trimbakeshwar Nashik, Maharashtra
Baidyanath Deoghar, Jharkhand
Nageshwara Dwarka, Gujarat
Ramanathaswamy Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Grishneshwar Aurangabad, Maharashtra

Popular and Effective Jyotirlinga products

Sampoorna 12 Jyotirlingam

A beautifully constructed Chowki that has Lord Shiva’s idol in the center and three-dimensional images of all the twelve Jyotirlingas in the dome-shaped glass around it. This Chowki looks absolutely magnificent and the tridents at the corners give it an amazing look. It can be placed in your home/office or shop and worshipped every day to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. This Chowki itself can be used as a puja altar as it has 12 Jyotirlinga images on it.

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Jyotirlingam in silver

The Jyotirlinga in silver with Lord Shiva’s image embossed in the between makes for a powerful piece to worship and place in your puja altar. It has 12 coins of 1 gm each with 12 Jyotirlingas on it and a Mahamrityunjay Yantra on the upper flap of the piece. This is an ideal present to gift your family and dear ones and alternatively, it can be placed in your office as well. Harness the powers by reciting the 12 names of Jyotirlingas provided along with it.

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Bel Patra Mala

An elegantly made Mala of 108 German silver Bel Patra leaves is perfect for the offering. Bel leaves or Bilva Patra is Lord Shiva’s favorite and offers to please Him. This beautiful Mala is perfect for offering to Lord Shiva while worshipping. As 1000 Neelkamals are equal to 1 Bel Patra, this Mala becomes very auspicious. The Bel Patra in trifoliate form represents the Trikaal or Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh which makes the Mala powerful. Pray to Lord Shiva by offering this well-made Bel Patra Mala.


Shiva Parivar in Sphatik

A skilfully carved set of Shiva Parivar in Sphatik (Quartz Crystal) displays the beautiful deft craftsmanship. This set consists of five idols of the family of Lord Shiva namely Goddess Parvati, Shivling, Lord Ganesha, Lord Kartikeya, and Nandi-the Bull who is Lord Shiva’s devotee and vehicle. Sphatik stone is known to bring calm energies and balance the atmosphere so placing this set of Shiva Parivar in your Puja altar at home or office will help you connect with the divine energy of Lord Shiva and His family.

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Shree Somnath Jyotirlinga temple is the first Jyotirlinga and the beautiful structure makes it a picturesque pilgrimage spot. The Dwadash Jyotirling pilgrimage starts with the Somnath temple. The story about this temple from the ancient texts tells that the Moon God was cursed because of which he lost his luster. The Shiva Purana states that the moon loved his wife Rohini the most among the 27 wives he had. His 27 wives were the daughters of Daksha Prajapati and due to his ignorance towards other wives, Daksha Prajapati cursed the moon. This resulted in the moon losing its glow so an upset moon came to Somnath in Gujarat along with wife Rohini and worshipped the Sparsh Lingam. After praying, Lord Shiva blessed him and he got his radiance back. Further Lord Shiva resided there with the name Somachandra on his request. Since then, that place is known as Somnath.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/23kYjq2QZymoYuU46


Known as the “Kailash of the South”, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga temple is located in Andhra Pradesh on the banks of the Krishna river. The story about Mallikarjuna in Shiva Purana says that Lord Kartikeya was angry when Ganesha got married. He then decided to live away from Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and He went to Mount Krauncha. Goddess Parvati was sad that Her son left so She sent the Gods, sages, and nymphs to get Him back but He didn’t agree. So Lord Shiva and Parvati went there but He didn’t let them come close to Him so they stayed six miles away from Him. Thus, the place is called “Mallikarjuna” where “Mallika” means “Parvati” and “Arjuna” is “Shiva”. The Shrishail Mallikarjun temple has a lot of visitors every year.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/hdiZC8i333Sfg4t86


Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is the third Jyotirlinga located in Madhya Pradesh and situated on the banks of the Kshipra river. There was a brahmana named Vedapriya who had four sons- Devapriya, Priyamedha, Suvrita, and Suvrata. They used to read Vedas but a rakshasa named Dushana couldn’t stand the idea of religion being followed. So he came to destroy these four Brahmanas who worshipped Lord Shiva and attacked the city. Even when the demon and his cohorts threatened to kill them, they continued their prayers and were not distracted at all. Seeing their devotion and continuous prayers, Lord Shiva appeared there in front of the linga that they were worshipping. Lord Shiva burnt Dushana to ashes with His roar and all the soldiers were also killed. Further, the brahmana brothers requested Lord Shiva to be present there so He assumed the name “Mahakala”. The Mahakaleshwar temple was then established and the Mahakal Jyotirling is worshipped by many devotees all over India.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/AvPSX8Fj3Fu3qDa49


Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is a sacred pilgrimage spot for devotees of Lord Shiva and the fourth Jyotirlinga. It is located on an island “Shivpuri” in Madhya Pradesh. There are different stories related to this temple and the one from Shiva Purana says that Narada had once visited mountain Vindhya. While Vindhya worshipped Narada, he also said “I am full of all the desirable objects that one can think of” since he was slightly proud. Narada replied that Mount Sumeru is superior that Vindhya as all the Gods are always present there. So Vindhya became the equal height of Sumeru and prayed to Lord Shiva for six months. After all these prayers, Lord Shiva appeared and Vindhya mountain asked for Shiva to be present there so he also gets equal importance as Mount Sumeru. The linga worshipped by Vindhya is known as Omkara and thus, the Omkareshwar temple came into existence. The Omkareshwar Shivling is beautifully set in the temple and has great importance spiritually.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/dg5DUM51L4n63niH6


The fifth Jyotirlinga is Kedarnath and it is located on the Rudra Himalaya range. The beautiful landscape with snow-capped mountains around the temple makes for a breathtaking view. It is said that there were two sages Nara and Narayana who were Lord Vishnu’s incarnation. They prayed for a long time and finally, Shiva appeared. He granted them a boon, they desired to have Shiva’s presence in the form of linga on peak Kedara. This temple is only open for 6 months a year and a large number of devotees visit this holy site every year.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/etavTUeYTkjD28vG7


Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga temple being the sixth Jyotirlinga is situated on the banks of the Bhima river in the Pune region of Maharashtra. The story of this temple dates back to the time of Ramayana. Bhima, the son of Kumbhakarna, comes to know that Lord Rama killed his father. Since he knew that Lord Rama was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, he decided to avenge Vishnu. So he started praying to Brahma and further when Lord Brahma appeared, he wished for a boon to become strong. Bhima then targeted the king of Kamarupa who worshipped Vishnu and imprisoned him and his wife. The king and his wife prayed to Shiva in the prison and this news reached Bhima. He went there to behead the king and Lord Shiva appeared from the linga. Lord Shiva destroyed all the weapons used by Bhima, and He killed Bhima. The Gods were gratified and asked Lord Shiva to maintain His presence there which resulted in the Bhimashankara temple’s existence.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/jXikopHfzmsgVdQK6

Kashi Vishwanath

Kashi Vishwanath temple located in the city of Varanasi or Kashi is the seventh Jyotirlinga. Brahma performed Tapasya at this place and it was so difficult that Vishnu shook His head in disbelief. He shook His head, a mani (jewel) fell from Vishnu’s ear (Karna). That place is known as “Manikarnika” which is a famous tirtha now. Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were visiting Brahma so Brahma started singing hymns to praise Lord Shiva. While He was chanting, He mispronounced a hymn which angered Shiva that led to severing one of Brahma’s head. This act of Shiva was equivalent to a crime as He beheaded a Brahmana. That head was stuck to Shiva’s back and it stayed with Him wherever He went and it fell off when Shiva went to Varanasi. This made Him realize that it was a special place and Shiva decided to be present there. That is why Kashi Vishwanath temple is also one of the important Jyotirlingas among the twelve.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/RWsbTsXB5Wj51mbt5


The eighth Jyotirlinga is Trimbakeshwar located near mountain Brahmagiri where the river Godavari flows. The Shiva Purana states that Shiva resided at Trimbakeshwar at the request of River Godavari, Gautam Rishi, and other Gods. As Gautam rishi (sage) had got a pit of an unlimited supply of food as a boon from Varuna, the other Gods envied him. So they sent a cow in the granary and that was killed by Gautam Rishi by mistake. He then asked Lord Shiva to purify the place so Lord Shiva asked the river Ganga to flow through that land. Everyone praised Shiva and He resided there beside the river Ganga as Trimbakeshwar. It is believed that wishes are fulfilled by visiting Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/N2fFfAeREKh1yVaW8


Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga also known as Baidyanath Jyotirlinga or Baijnath Jyotirling is one of the most visited Jyotirlingas located in Deoghar. Legends say that Ravana was meditating and he asked Shiva to make Sri Lanka unbeatable. He also tried to uproot Mount Kailas but he failed as Lord Shiva crushed it. Further, Ravana asked for penance and he was given the Jyotirlingas on the condition that they would remain rooted to the spot forever if placed on the ground. As Ravana headed towards Sri Lanka, Lord Varuna entered his body and had an urgent need to relieve himself so Lord Vishnu came as a lad to hold the lingam for time being. Vishnu kept the lingam on the ground and as a result, it was rooted to the spot. Ravana cut off nine of his heads as a self-punishment and Lord Shiva joined the heads to the body just like a vaidya (doctor), hence, the place came to be known as Vaidyanath.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/B5syLh7zxcQTna6e9


The tenth Jyotirlinga is Nageshwar and it is considered to be very significant as it represents protection from all types of poison. The Nageshwar Jyotirlinga temple is situated on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat. The Shiv Purana tells us how this Jyotirlinga came into existence. There was a devotee of Shiva named Supriya who was traveling across the ocean that was ruled by the demon Daruka. This rakshasa used to imprison and kill those who passed through the sea. Daruka imprisoned Supriya as well so Supriya set up a lingam over there and started chanting “Om Namah Shivaya”. Lord Shiva then gave a divine weapon called “pashupata” to Supriya and he killed the demons with it. The lingam worshipped by Supriya was Nagesha and that is how Nageshwar shivling was established.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/pisxgm2rCaCdCB6Q8


Rameshwara, the eleventh Jyotirlinga is located in the southern part of India. The story of this Jyotirlinga is linked with Ramayana from the time when Ravana had abducted Sita. As Lord Rama was looking for her, He was assisted by monkeys and they reached towards the south shore of the ocean. Lord Rama was thirsty and He asked the monkeys to fetch water but He felt that He should pray to Lord Shiva first. So He built a linga and worshipped it with flowers. His prayers were so powerful that Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, and their companions appeared before Him and gave Him blessings. Lord Rama requested Shiva to stay there forever and the linga came to be known as Rameshwara. The beautiful architecture of this temple makes it worth visiting and the magnificent shrine inside the temple is worshipped by the devotees to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/YceAxZaY9cuMDXyt8


Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga temple also known as Ghushmeswara, Kusumeswara, and Grushmeswara is in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The story of how this Jyotirlinga came into being is related to Sudharma and his wife Sudeha who were not able to give birth to a son. Sudeha felt sad as other women insulted her for not having a son. She asked Sudharma to marry her niece Ghushna to have a son but he didn’t agree as it would lead to Sudeha being jealous of Ghushna once she gives birth to a child. Ghushna was a devotee of Shiva and used to make and worship one hundred and one lingams every day. She used to immerse them in a pond after the prayers were done for that day. On completion of one lakh lingas, Ghushna gave birth to a son and as Sudeha convinced her husband that she wouldn’t have feelings of jealousy, Sudharma married Ghushna. Eventually, Ghushna started getting more important and Sudeha ended up feeling jealous so she killed her son and threw his body in the same pond where Ghushna immersed the lingas. Ghushna started praying as usual and was not distracted by this incident so seeing her devotion, Lord Shiva revived her son’s life. Shiva also wanted to kill Sudeha but Ghushna begged for her life. This act of forgiveness impressed Shiva and He granted Ghushna another boon so she requested Him to stay in a linga near that pond. So the place was known as Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga.

Map location- https://goo.gl/maps/qvJCUfQ514LfpX2N7

All the 12 Jyotirlinga temples are constructed so beautifully that one should visit at least once in their lifetime. The 12 Jyotirlinga

Map location- s are mentioned above for a better understanding of how to get there and the distance.

How To Keep Shivlinga at Home: Direction of Placement of Shiva Linga

As per Agama Shastra, there are two acceptable orientations of the Shiva Linga.
1. The Yoni base facing the North and the devotee facing the East (towards the West face of the Lingam).
2. The Yoni base facing the East and the devotee facing the North (towards the South face of the Lingam). The Yoni base here shall mean the point from where the Abhishek liquid (Water or Panchamrit) flows out of Shiva Ling.

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