Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2023
Maharana Pratap (19th May 1540 – 29th January 1597) also known as Pratap Singh I, was a Hindu Rajput King of Mewar in Rajasthan, India. Maharana Pratap belongs to the Rajput Sisodiya dinasty. Several royal families in Rajasthan admire and venerate him for his bravery and valor.
Historically, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th, 1540, using the Julian calendar, according to ancient documents. However, the Julian calendar has been superseded by the Gregorian calendar. On May 19, 1540, according to the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Maharana Pratap was born.
Nevertheless, the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap is celebrated as per Hindu calendar which falls in Monday, May 22nd in 2023, the 483rd Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap Jayanti. To preserve his kingdom, Maharana Pratap is most remembered for the Battle of Haldighati against the Mughal ruler Akbar.
Maharana Pratap Jayanti is a public holiday in the northern Indian States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2023 Date
2023 marks the 483rd Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap.
Maharana Pratap Jayanti: Monday, May 22nd, 2023.
Pratap Puja Timings:
Tritiya Tithi Begins - 22:09 on May 21, 2023
Tritiya Tithi Ends - 23:18 on May 22, 2023
Maharana Pratap Festival Significance
The famous Maharana Pratap was a great patriot who launched the first struggle for freedom. The legendary Battle of Haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap and Mughal Emperor Akbar. That was a conflict that entered the annals of history and is still remembered by many. The battle of Haldighati lasted four hours, and at the conclusion, Maharana Pratap, who was vastly outnumbered, was forced to flee. Nonetheless, the warrior battled valiantly and slew many on the battlefield, including Man Singh.
Maharana Pratap destroyed the Mughal army and liberated a significant portion of Rajasthan from Mughal dominion. Even today, his wars against the Mughal monarch Akbar are recognized for their ferocity and strategy. He was the only Rajput monarch who remained independent of the Mughal Empire. The strong Rajput monarch rejected a variety of treaty possibilities with the Mughals because he deemed them all servile.
In the legendary Battle of Haldighati, Akbar's army destroyed Maharana Pratap's forces. In a renowned counterattack, however, the ferocious warrior fought the Mughals and reclaimed the kingdom with the assistance of the Bhils, a local tribe. The famous warrior died on a hunting excursion in 1597, aged 56.
Maharana Pratap is a Rajput who never bowed to anybody other than his mother and God, and he has become a significant icon for the younger generation. On the day of his birth, numerous Rajput households worship maharanapratap out of reverence and inspiration for his bravery and valor.
Being the embodiment of courage, heroism, pride, patriotism, and the spirit of freedom, Maharana Pratap has garnered tremendous respect and esteem. His birthday (Maharana Pratap Jayanti) is commemorated annually as a full-fledged event. On the day commemorating Maharana Pratap, pujas and processions are done everywhere in his honor.
Numerous cultural events, including debates, are also planned in Udaipur and Chittorgarh regions of southern Rajasthan to commemorate the several fierce battles fought by Maharana Pratap to oppose the Mughal takeover of Mewar and preserve independence and freedom.
Maharana Pratap History & Timeline
Maharana Pratap was born to the monarch of the Kingdom of Mewar, Maharana Udai Singh II. Chittor was the capital of the kingdom of Mewar at the time. He was the oldest child of the monarch and was named the crown prince.
The final conflict that Maharana Pratap had with Akbar is what brought him his fame. When he participated in a bloody battle against Akbar's enormous army of 85,000 warriors and his own army of approximately 20,000 men, the conflict was fierce. The story goes that neither Maharana Pratap nor Akbar emerged victorious from the conflict. In the end, Akbar's conquest of Maharana Pratap was unsuccessful despite his best efforts.
In 1567, the powerful troops of the Mughal Empire assaulted Chittor. At the direction of Emperor Akbar, the soldiers were successful in compelling Maharana Udai Singh II to abandon Chittor and move to Gogunda. Maharana Udai Singh II passed away in 1572, and despite opposition from one of his brothers, Pratap Singh rose to the throne and became Maharana of Mewar.
His quest to regain Chittor would become his life's greatest effort. He rejected many peace negotiations with Akbar and refused to give up Mewar's independence. He battled valiantly against the greater Mughal soldiers, but he never ceded control. Unfortunately, he was never able to win Chittor back. Emperor Akbar respected him much for his staunch convictions.
It was claimed that Maharana Pratap exceeded two meters in height. He would don armor weighing over 70 kilograms and a spear weighing 80 kilograms! He had eleven wives and 22 offspring. His oldest son, Maharana Amar Singh I, succeeded him as the fourteenth ruler of the Mewar dynasty.
In 1597, Maharana Pratap died from injuries sustained in a hunting accident. He is recognized for his unparalleled loyalty and affection for his people.
- 1572 Assumes The Throne. Once his father, Maharana Udai Singh II, passes away, he ascends to the throne.
- 1576 The Battle at Haldighati. The Mughals achieve victory, but they are unable to capture Maharana Pratap.
- 1583 Mewar Reclaim. Maharana Pratap recaptures Mewar from the Mughal army.
- 2007 Statute in Indian Parliament. Pratibha Patil, the former president of India, unveils the monument in his honor.
Maharana Pratap Jayanti Celebrations
Today, Maharana Pratap Jayanti is commemorated as an Indian national hero, particularly in Rajasthan. His birthday is celebrated with great devotion and passion. People pay homage to the legendary king, numerous cultural events and programs are organized. Statues and monuments have been erected across the nation in his honor. One of the most well-known sculptures is the Maharana Pratap Memorial in Udaipur, Rajasthan, which stands as a symbol of valor and tenacity. In addition to the Maharana Pratap Museum and Chetak's Smarak, several sites memorialize his life and actions.
On this important day, many people visit his monument and present flowers to the great monarch. At the Maharana Pratap Monument on Udaipur's Moti Magri or Pearl Hill, Havan and Pooja are performed. A large, colorful procession is also organized, with horses and individuals carrying portraits of the Maharana.
People of all castes and religions from throughout the nation participate in the march. As a monarch who battled for his people, Maharana Pratap Singh is recognized for his bravery. In addition, he exemplifies courage, the spirit of independence, pride, and valor.
Manifold religious ceremonies with extensive pujas and flamboyant parades are organized to honor the king's legacy. Several social meetings such as debates are also organized. The day is celebrated with tremendous fervor across India.
- Visiting Lord Murugan Temples: Devotees visit the temples of Lord Murugan on this day and offer their prayers and seek his divine blessings. The idols of God are first cleaned and the deity is decorated with flowers and fragrances.
- Pad Yatra: Men go on Pad Yatra, or a foot pilgrimage to the temples of Lord Murugan, and cover a total of 100 kilometers within a spate of three to four days. Women also travel barefoot and offer buttermilk and food to the pilgrims to signify their devotion.
- Kavadis: Devotees offer Kavadis to Lord Murugan to pay homage to divinity. Kavadis are bamboo poles that they carry on their shoulders, along with other puja stuff including milk, sacred water, and flowers.
- Thirukalyanam: The ten-day celebration of Panguni also celebrates the celestial wedding of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, also known as Thirukalyanam.
- Ayyappan Jayanti: Ayyappan Jayanti is celebrated in Ayyappa temples situated across Tamilnadu and Kerala.
- Kalyan Vrata: Devotees begin their fast on this auspicious day after bathing in the early morning. Either they would completely abstain from any kind of meal or they would have one meal. They also visit the nearby temples to worship the deities, Lord Muruga, Lord Shiva, and Lord Vishnu.
- Prasadam: A special sweet dish is prepared for Lord Shiva, which is distributed around Prasadam among the devotees. Devotees eat Prasadam and share it with other family members.
Maharana Pratap Legacy
Maharana Pratap invented many new techniques of paramilitary warfare which later inspired great kings like Shivaji Maharaj, before Maharana Pratap, Indian king's predominantly chose open battle fields for fighting, Maharana Pratap especially after Haldighati chose mountains for battle, truly he was the reformer and inventor of many war techniques, his soldier techniques are still effective, Vietnam used those techniques against the powerful United States and emerged victorious, Maharana Pratap was a revolutionary and innovator.Scroll Down to read more
While he battled against the Mughal Empire commanded by Emperor Akbar, Maharana Pratap’s legacy is celebrated for his valor, gallantry, and unending devotion to his realm and people. His valiant fights and tactical strategies made him a respected character in Indian history and a symbol of resistance to foreign invaders. His story continues to inspire generations of Indians, as he is revered as a symbol of Rajput valor, chivalry, and pride.
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