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Sita Navami

Sita Navami 2019 Date: Importance, What To Do On This Day, Timing of Tithi

Sita Navami (13th May, 2019 Monday) marks the birth anniversary of Sita, the divine consort of Lord Rama. The festival is also known Sita Jayanti, Janaki Navami or Janaki Jayanti celebrated on the Shukla Paksha (Waxing Moon), Navami (Day Nine) tithi in the lunar month of Vaishaka (May-June) as per the Hindu calendar.

What happens on this day? On this day the married women pray to Goddess Sita and observe fast for the well-being of their husbands the way She did for Rama during Her rescue from Ravana.

Rama Navami & Sita Navami

Lord Rama was born on the same tithi (Navami) in the Chaitra Month (April-May) and His birth known as Rama Navami is celebrated in advance of Sita Navami. In the Ramayana, Sita was the adopted daughter of King Janaka of Mithila. When the King was ploughing the land in order to execute a Yajna, he came across a shining baby girl in a golden casket. A ploughed land in Sanskrit is known as sit or sita. Therefore the King called the baby girl as Sita.

Sita Navami Tithi and Timing For Puja:

Particular Date & Day (2019) Time starts Time ends
Sita Navami Tithi May 12, Sunday 05:36 PM  
Puja Muhurat Time May 13, Monday 11:16 AM 01:52 PM
Sita Navami Tithi May 13, Monday 03:20 PM

Sita Navami 2019: What To Do On This Day, How To Celebrate, Fasting Rules

12 Mukhi, Ramayana Patha Puja Yagya, Brass Idols, Yantras of Rama-Sita

  • Take bath before sunrise on the day of Sita Navami. You may chant the mantra dedicated to Holy Rivers while bathing.
    "Ganga Cha Yamuna Chaiva Godavari Saraswati,
    Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jalesmin Sannidhim Kuru"

    "In this water, I invoke the presence of divine waters from the rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswati, Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri.”
  • Fasting should start at sunrise on the day of Sita Navami. You can stay on water throughout the day. If this is difficult, you can have a simple meal including milk, fruits nuts and dried fruits. The next day morning you can break the fast (Parana) by having a sip of water.
  • You may visit a Rama Sita temple and offer prayers. If a temple is not around, you can worship the Divine couple at your home in the early morning. The deity of Lord Rama and Sita should be worshipped with sandalwood, flowers, fruits and dhoop.
  • One can simply meditate on Lord Rama and Sita
  • You can also perform a Rama Sita Puja (Ramayana Patha) under qualified Brahmins. It is a highly recommended activity on this day. Also you can do Rama Puja Mantra Japa And Yajna. It includes Ram Raksha Stotra, Ram mantra Japa, Ram Homa and Yajna and Aarti
  • You can wear a Twelve Mukhi Rudraksha bead as it is ruled by Lord Rama
  • Wearing these Rudraksha beads on this day purifies your inner self and strengthens your will power.

Sita Navami 2019: Marriage of Rama and Sita

The marriage of Lord Rama and Mother Sita is beautifully described in the Ramayana. King Janaka organized Swayamvara ceremony for Sita after she reached adulthood. He invited stronger men to string and break Pinaka, the bow of Lord Shiva in order to receive Sita in marriage. The Pinaka was not an ordinary bow but the divine one that was not accessible to the selfish and arrogant people. The bow was chosen because King Janaka wanted the best man with spotless character for his daughter Sita.

When Vishvamitra who had Lord Rama and Lakshmana in the forest with him for guarding the sacrificial fire, heard about the Swayamvara ceremony, he asks the Lord to take part in the same. When King Janaka heard about the Lord, being son of King Dasharatha, taking part in ceremony, he became joyful.

On the day of the ceremonial performance of Swayamvara, when all the princes failed to even lift the Pinaka, Lord Rama arrived and lifted it, shocking all others and pleasing Sita. After lifting it, the Lord strung the bow tightly and as the Pinaka broke apart. King Janaka became blissful and considered himself to be the most fortunate father to have found an ideal man for his daughter. The entire Mithila, King Janaka’s kingdom, fell into the boundless joy as Sita was going to live with a prince who was sought by thousand other women.

Today people especially the devotees of Lord Rama celebrate the Lord’s marriage as Vivah Panchami on the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha in the Margashirsha month (Nov-Dec). The day is observed as the Vivah Utsav of Sita and Rama in temples and sacred places.


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Article Written by Neeta Singhal

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