Ekadashi is widely followed by devotees, on the 11th day of the waxing Moon phase or the Shukla Paksha and similarly in the waning Moon phase or Krishna Paksha, as per the Hindu Lunar Calendar. Therefore, the Ekadashi comes two times in a month, when devotees observe fast throughout the day and night, till next morning. Lord Vishnu is ardently worshipped on this day as the Ekadashis are dedicated to him. Devotees observe the fast to please the Lord and be liberated from sins and attain Moksha.
Observing fast or Vrat on this means following the rules and regulations meticulously and chanting the name of Sri Hari/ Lord Vishnu/Krishna. Every Ekadashi has a legend connected to it and demonstrates the power of observing Ekadashi Vrat. Anyone, from 8yrs to 80 years of age can observe Ekadashi fast and benefit from it. Scientifically, keeping fast on these two days detoxifies the body and has other benefits connected to it. You can keep a dry fast or a fast abstaining only from food or eat a fruit-based diet on this day. Keeping the mind clear and pure while observing the fast has significance in the successful completion of the fast. There are 24 Ekadashis every year.
About Papmochani Ekadasi
Papmochani Ekadasi is the last and one of the most significant Ekadashis falling in Chaitra month (April-May) in Krishna Paksha or waning Moon phase, as per North Indian calendar and Phalgun month (March-April) as per South Indian calendar. ‘Papmochani’ is made of ‘Paap’ meaning ‘sin’ or ‘misgivings’ and ‘mochani’ meaning ‘remover’; the one who removes the misdeeds committed knowingly or unknowingly. This Ekadasi happens between Holi and Chaitra Navratri.
Papmochani Ekadashi 2021 Dates, Tithi
Papmochani Ekadashi 2021 is on April 7, Wednesday. On 8th Apr, Parana Time - 08:40 AM to 08:56 AM Ekadashi Tithi Begins - 02:09 AM on Apr 07, 2021 Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 02:28 AM on Apr 08, 2021 On 8th Apr, Parana Time - 08:40 AM to 08:56 AM On Parana Day Hari Vasara End Moment - 08:40 AM
Those who observe the fast must break it after sunrise the next day of Ekadashi. It is to be noted that one should break the fast (Parana) within Dwadashi Tithi. Dwadashi ends at 11:45 PM on 8th April. Another important consideration is that one must not break the fast during Hari Vasara which is the fourth duration of Dwadashi. The best time to break the fast is pratahkala (morning). Book Now Ekadashi Puja
In the ancient Hindu text Lord Sri Kishan has said it is greater than all sacrifices or charity to the needy or the In the ancient Hindu text, the importance of fasting on this Ekadashi has been mentioned clearly. The ancient text has Lord Krishna explaining to Yudhisthira about the importance sacrifice of Horses (Ashvamedha) or even seeing Lord Vishnu Himself. It is said that one who observes fast on this day, adhering to the rules, will be liberated and get a place in Lord Vishnu's abode.Papmochani Ekadas is the most divine Ekadashi for nullifying all the sins. One should observe fast on this day. The benefits of observing fast and staying awake at night are:-
Removes all the misgivings, misdeeds and sins.
Gives clarity of thoughts and nullifies all the guilt feelings.
Increases spiritual, emotional and intellectual strengths.
Every Vedic custom has a reason behind its celebration, as does Papmochani Ekadashi. During the Vedic times, Rishi Chyavana lived with his son Medhvi who possessed bodily strength and beauty. Medhavi always engaged in meditation and austerities in order to keep himself pure in mind and body. As he went on performing austerities, King Indra of heaven could not bear his excellence and sent heavenly beauties such as Apsaras and other enchanting damsels. This was on purpose to break his meditation but produced no results as he was fully absorbed in spiritual bliss.
A few days later, an Apsara named Manjugosha entered a hermitage nearby that of Medhavi. She started singing enchanting songs in the most melodious way. He gradually found himself getting drawn to her. And as his meditation came to a standstill, a Cupid on the order of Indra shot an arrow that aroused pleasure-seeking feelings in him. As a result, he fell in love with her and all the purities he attained through long meditation faded. He was lost in her so much that he couldn’t realize the passage of time.
Years later, she told him that a lot of time had passed and he must leave her. Medhvi returned to his senses discovering that it was her illusory trick that destroyed all the fruits of his meditation. Angered by her act, he cursed her to become the ugliest woman in the universe.
He apologized to his father Rishi Chyavana for losing all the strength due to an insignificant act of chasing a woman. Chyavana pacified him and said that he must perform Papmochani Ekadashi to get rid of this sin. Also, he advised Manjugosha to do the same. As a result, both of them got cleansed of their sins due to the grace of Lord Vishnu.
Rituals: What to do on this Ekadasi?
Take a bath before sunrise on the day of this Ekadashi. You may chant the mantra dedicated to Holy Rivers. "Ganga Cha Yamuna Chaiva Godavari Saraswati,Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jalesmin Sannidhim Kuru" Meaning: "In this water, I invoke the presence of divine waters from the rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswati, Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri.”
You may visit a Vishnu temple and offer prayers. If a temple is not around, you can worship Him at your home in the early morning.
One can simply chant this mantra: ‘Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya’. This powerful mantra was given by Sage Narada to Dhruva Maharaja as described in the Bhagavata Purana (4.8.54).
You can chant the above mantra or Hare Krishna mantra on the Tulasi bead.
You can offer flowers and chant Vishnu Sahasranamam (Thousands name of Lord Vishnu). Chanting a thousand names of Vishnu or Vishnu Stotram has a purifying effect on the mind and the body. You can also play it in the morning while you engage in daily work. More details here.
You can also perform a Vishnu Sahasranama Puja under qualified Brahmins. It is a highly recommended activity on this day. The puja includes Vishnu- Lakshmi Abhishek and Pujan, Vishnu mantra Japa- 1100 times, Vishnu Sahasranama Strotra followed by Homa and Aarti.
You can wear a Ten Mukhi, a Seven Mukhi or a Nineteen Mukhi Rudraksha beads for they are ruled by Lord Krishna, Goddess Lakshmi and Narayana, respectively. Wearing these Rudraksha beads on this day purifies your inner self and strengthens your will power.
Other Rituals as per Ekadasi-
1)One day before Papmochani Ekadashi, which is the 10th day of the Krishna Paksha, the person should clean his/her teeth thoroughly in the afternoon and have supper at Sunset hour 2) On the morning of Papmochani Ekadashi, the person should intend on keeping the fast meticulously. The person should have a bath in a river (which is said to be most purifying) or a lake and in both not being available, bathe with pond water. 3) While bathing the person should smear mud on his/her body with chanting a prayer to Mother Earth. The prayer - O Asvakrante! O Rathakrante! O Vishnukrante! O Vasundhare! O Mrttike! (O Mother Earth! please remove all my sins accumulated from past lives so that I may enter the abode of the Lord Vishnu the Supreme Lord) 4) Worship Lord Govinda with complete dedication and Offer an excellent 'Bhog' (food to Divine) along with flowers and other things of the offering. 5) Light a lamp at home in honour of the Lord 6) Chant or sing praises of Lord Vishnu throughout the day and remain in a most blissful state during the fast. 7) Stay awake through the night in full consciousness. If possible play musical instruments throughout the night to please the Lord. 8) The next morning the person should give charity to Brahmanas and respectfully ask them for forgiveness for any offence. 9) For people who keep a complete fast till the next day, one should say the prayer - "O Pundarikaksha, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me". 10) After the prayer the devotee should offer flowers and water at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and request the Lord to eat by chanting the mantra of eight-syllable, thrice. To garner the full merits of the fast, the devotee should have water which has been offered to the Lord. 11) Fire sacrifices can be performed if the devotee chooses to do so
The day of Ekadashi till the next morning the devotee should involve in taking baths, singing and chanting praises of the Lord Vishnu and worship Him with complete devotion, involve in activities of devotion and doing charity.
As per specifications in the ancient texts, to get the benefits of the fasting on Ekadashi the person should adhere to the rules strictly.
The devotee observing fast should have a bath on the morning of Utpanna Ekadashi.
Beans and grains are prohibited to eat on Ekadashi.
The killing of any animal is prohibited on this day for the devotee.
Sleeping during the day is not allowed on Ekadashi and the next day that is on Dwadashi.
The devotee keeping fast should not meet or interact with any cheats, frauds or people involved in any nefarious activity. The scriptures even say that if by chance the devotee comes into proximity of such a person then one should purify by standing under the sun and looking directly at it.
Abstinence from sex, gambling, gossiping on Ekadashi and Dwadashi.
On Dwadashi (the day after Ekadashi), devotees are not to eat in another person's house, have only one meal, Honey and Urad-dal(black lentil) is not to be consumed, eating on Bell-metal plate or cutlery, and should not massage oil on the body.
As per the ancient text, if the devotee has to speak to a person from the lower cast, then he/she will have to purify himself by eating Tulsi leaves or an Amalaki fruit.
If due to any reason the devotee is not able to break the fast on the next day, then he/she should have water to signify the completion of the fast and later have food when convenient.
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