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The Pasankusa Ekadashi falls on the 11th day of Shukla Paksha, the waxing Moon phase, in the Hindu month of Ashwin, which is September-October by the Gregorian calendar. Pasankusha Ekadashi is also called Papankusha Ekadashi and Ashwina Shukla Ekadashi. Devotees, especially the Vaishnav sect, reverently observe a 24 hour fast/Vrat on the Pasankusha Ekadashi and worship Lord Padmanabha (Vishnu) on this day. The Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat brings all round happiness and abundance to devotees.

Pasankusa Ekadashi Date & Time(Muhurat) 2023
Papankusha Ekadashi on Wednesday, October 25, 2023
Ekadashi Tithi Starts - 15:14 on Oct 24, 2023
Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 12:32 on Oct 25, 2023
Prana Time - On 26th Oct, 06:36 to 08:55

On Parana Day Dwadashi End Moment - 09:44

The fast must be broken after sunrise the next day of Ekadashi. It is to be noted that one should break the fast (Parana) within Dwadashi Tithi. Another important consideration is that one must not break the fast during Hari Vasara which is the fourth duration of Dwadashi. The best time to break the fast is pratah kala (morning).

Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat (Fast) Significance

Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat or fast is important to observe because, as mentioned in the ancient texts, it bestows the merits equivalent to performing 100 Surya Yajnas, a thousand Ashwamedha Yajnas and visiting all the pilgrim places. The devotee is blessed with a happy, healthy, successful, materially content life.

Observing the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat nullifies the sins of devotees, elevates spiritually and makes the way for getting freedom from the cycle of birth and death, at the end of his/her life. The Pasankusa or Papankusha Ekadashi brings the blessings of Lord Padmanabha(Vishnu) and protects the devotee and his/her family. The Observing the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat meticulously relieves the sins of then generations of ancestors both from one's father's and mother's side and fulfils the desires of devotees. If donations are made on this pious day the devotee is saved from going to hell.

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Pasankusa Ekadashi Presiding Deity

The presiding Deity of Pasankusa Ekadashi is Lord Padmanabha, which is the form of Lord Vishnu, lying in the Sheer Sagar on the bed of Ananta, with a Lotus arising from His navel. On top of the Lotus sits Lord Brahma. Goddess Laxmi(consort of Lord Vishnu), Goddess of wealth, good fortune and abundance, is seen sitting at Lord Vishnu/Padmanabha's feet. Lord Padmanabha or Vishnu is the preserver and protector of the Universe. He has appeared in different manifestations on Earth to save it from 'a-dharma', sins and treats of any kind. The presiding Deity of Pasankusa Ekadashi, Lord Padmanabha showers the devotees with unimaginable blessings when the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat is followed sincerely by devotees.


Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat Katha(Traditional Story of the Fast)

In the Brahma Vaivatra Purana, Lord Shri Krishna has explained about the importance of following the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat, to Yudhishthira(eldest of the Pandavas). When Yudhishthira requested Lord Krishna to explain to him about the Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha which falls in the Ashwin month, Lord Shri Krishna told Yudhishthira that this Ekadashi is called Pasankusa Ekadashi and specified the merits of the Ekadashi and Vrat. Lord Krishna then went on to narrate the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat Katha.

Once in the Vindhyachal Mountains, there lived a hunter named Krodhana, who was crude and spent his life committing sins like, looting innocent people etc. At the end of his life, Yamraj sent His assistants to Krodhana. Knowing well that he had spent his life in sins, Krodhana feared the suffering in Yamlok. He went to the wise Sage Angira to give him a way out from going to hell. Sage Angira took pity on him and suggested him to observe the Pasankusa Ekadashi with full faith and sincerity, following the rules. Krodhana followed the advice of Rishi Angira and observed the Pasankusa Ekadashi meticulously. This absolved all his sins and after his death, his soul reached Vaikuntha, the abode of Lord Vishnu.


Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi (Fasting Procedure)

The Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi is found in the ancient texts and should be followed in detail by devotees who observe the fast. Devotees should have only one meal on Dashami(the day before Ekadashi) and eat before sunset. It is advised to talk minimum while observing Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat and spend maximum time in service of Lord Padmanabha . The Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat starts from early morning on Ekadashi day and lasts till next day Prana time, when the fast can be broken.

  • On the Pasankusa Ekadashi , take an early morning bath and follow the rituals to take Sankalp(intension) of observing the Vrat(fast). The devotees should specify whether he/she is keeping partial or complete Vrat/fast. Fasting without drinking water or eating food, Nirjala Vrat, is the best Ekadashi Vrat to observe. One can observe partial fast by drinking water and abstaining from food. However, devotees should be aware of what their body and health can tolerate and fast accordingly. Fruit and Milk diet is also a common way to observe fast on this day.
  • Invoke Lord Padmanabha/Vishnu for successful completion of the Vrat. Worship Lord Padmanabha by following the Pasankusa Puja Vidhi.
  • Beans and grains are prohibited to eat on Ekadashi for devotees who are fasting by eating one meal on Ekadashi. Non vegetarian food, onion, garlic is strictly not allowed on Ekadashi and Dwadashi.
  • As per the rules, sleeping during the day or night during Ekadashi Vrat is prohibited. The devotee should chant/ sing praises of Lord Vishnu/Padmanaba, read the Bhagawat Geeta and other holy books through the day and night.
  • Reading the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat Katha or hearing it is a must on this pious day.
  • Gossiping, talking/thinking ill of others or self, does not give the desired outcome of the Ekadashi Vrat.
  • Abstinence from alcohol, drugs, tobacco, other addictions, sex on Ekadashi and Dwadashi has to be observed.
  • Maintain calmness, avoid anger/aggression for the best outcome of observing the Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat.
  • Distribute the Prasad to family members and as many people as possible on Dwadashi.
  • The next morning, on Dwadashi, give charity to Brahmanas respectfully ask them for forgiveness for any offence. Donating to the needy is also advised which garners Lord Vishnu's blessings.
  • Devotees who observe fast should not eat food in other people's house on the day after Ekadashi.
  • For people who observe Pasankusa Vrat, when breaking the fast, should say the prayer - "O Pundarikaksha, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me".
  • After the prayer the devotee should offer flowers and water at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and request the Lord to eat by chanting the mantra of eight-syllable, thrice: Om Namoh Narayanaya.
  • On Dwadashi only one meal should be eaten and Honey and Urad-dal(black lentil) should not be consumed.
  • For devotees observing fast, if due to some unavoidable reason they are not able to break the fast on Dwadashi during Prana time, then drinking water to signify breaking of fast is advised. Later food can be eaten as per convenience.

Pasankusa Ekadashi Puja Vidhi(Pooja Procedure)

The Pasankusa or Papankusha Ekadashi is presided by Lord Padmanabha (Vishnu).Worshipping Him on this auspicious day brings benevolent blessing. Worshipping Lord Vishnu's image sitting on Garuda(vahan or vehicle of Lord Vishnu), is said to bring the extra grace of Lord Padmanabha/Vishnu.

  • Early in the morning on Pasankusa Ekadashi after taking bath, the devotee should take the Sankalp of observing the Vrat/fast.
  • Worship Lord Padmanabha, by lighting Ghee lamp, offering Tulsi branch, fresh flowers. Apply Chandan Tilak on the image/Idol.
  • The Shaligram Shila should be worshipped by conducting Abhishek with Tulsi, Water and Panchamrit (mix of fresh Cow's milk, Honey, Curd, Ghee, Sugar), apply Chandan Tilak on the Shaligram, on this auspicious day, if the devotee has the sacred Shila at home.
  • On this day Goddess Laxmi(consort of Lord Vishnu) and Tulsiji is worshipped too.
  • Offer Bhog to Lord Vishnu/Padmanabha in your Puja Alter or the special Alter which can be created on a Chowki for this day.
  • Chant Lord Vishnu/Padmanabha Mantras, sing His praise and perform Aarti.
  • Stay in a spiritual mode throughout the day and night. Reciting the Vishnu Sahasranama is considered meritorious on this day. Sleeping during day is prohibited.
  • In the evening perform Aarti, preferably along with family members.
  • Stay awake at night and chant Mantras and sing devotional songs or play music for Lord Padmanabha(Vishnu).
  • On Dwadashi, in the morning worship Lord Padmanabha, offer Bhog, Tulsi leaves, flowers.
  • The devotee can break the fast along with family and friends during Prana time.

Pasankusa Ekadashi Puja Benefits

Worshipping Lord Vishnu's Padmanabha form on Pasankusa Ekadashi or Papankusha Ekadashi brings benevolent grace of the Lord. Pasankusa Ekadashi Puja brings peace, good health, success, good fortune, good luck, material contentment, worldly and spiritual pleasures, righteous living, harmonious relationships among family members, joy, abundance and invincible protection of Lord Padmanabha.


Pasankusa Vrat (Fast) Benefits/ Pasankusa Vrat(Fast) Significance

  • Observing Pasankusa Ekadashi Vrat pleases Lord Padmanabha(Vishnu), the presiding Deity of this Ekadashi.
  • Pasankusa Vrat when observed perfectly alleviates miseries, suffering, strife and brings abundance in all aspects of life and bestows a happy contented life.
  • Observing Ekadashi Vrat relieves devotees of sins and paves the path to Moksha.
  • This auspicious day of Ekadashi offers an opportunity for the devotees to focus only in Lord Padmanabha(Vishnu), chant Mantras and sing His praises which helps to garner the blessings of the Lord and adds to the fruits earned by the devotee in his/her spiritual journey.
  • Observing complete fast on Pasankusa Ekadashi detoxifies the body and rejuvenates the energies of the devotees.
  • The Pasankusa Vrat is a potent way to garner the abundant blessings of Goddess Laxmi and Tulsiji.
  • Pasankusa Vrat when followed with sincerity helps to fullfill desires of the devotee

Pasankusa Ekadashi Puja & Vrat (Fasting) Mantras

On Pasankusa Ekadashi Lord Vishnu/Krishna Mantras are popularly chanted.

Om Namo Narayanaya
Om Namah Bhagavate Vasudevaya
Hare Krisha, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare,
Hare Ram Hare Ram, Ram Ram Hare Hare

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