The Hindu Lunar calendar is divided into two different cycles/phases of the Moon. One phase is that of the waxing Moon which is known as 'Shukla Paksha', in which phase the Moon grows in size (visually) and brightness everyday bit by bit and the other phase is that of the waning Moon, Krishna Paksha, when the brightness of Moon diminishes in size everyday post the Full Moon. Each phase is of 15 days respectively. 'Ekadashi' is the eleventh (11th.) day in each phase of the Moon, which means that there are two Ekadashis in a month. The term Ekadashi means the eleventh lunar day (Tithi) in each fortnight of the Shukla Paksha and the Krishna Paksha respectively.
To further explain the term 'Tithi' (as per the Hindu calendar), it means one Lunar day which means the time it takes for the Moon to travel a certain distance. So Ekadashi is the 11th. Lunar day or Tithi. In the Shukla Paksha i.e. the brighter phase of the Moon, on Ekadashi, the Moon looks three fourth (3/4th.) and in the Krishna Paksha Ekadashi the Moon appears three fourth (3/4th) dark. There are 24 Ekadashis in a year, with the exception of Leap year when there are 26 Ekadashis.
Along with Hinduism, Jainism too consider Ekadashis to be holy, which has spiritual connotations. It is said that merely by hearing the names of the various Ekadashis one will be free of all sins. Mainly Lord Vishnu is worshipped on Ekadashi.
The day is observed by fasting from Sunrise of Ekadashi Tithi to the Sunrise of the following day. Fasting on the Ekadashi is an important ritual of this day. The best form of fasting for Ekadashi is to go without water or food. People who do not want to keep a full fast are recommended to have a fruit based diet (Phalahar) or fruit and Milk/milk product diet. Consumption of Rice, Grains and Beans are prohibited on this day.
According to the ancient texts both the Ekadashis, whether in Shukla Paksha or Krishna Paksha, are equally holy and auspicious as they have the same Tithi.
About Devshayani Ekadashi -
The Devshayani Ekadashi is one of the significant Ekadashi among the 24 Ekadashis which are there in a year. Every year Devshayani Ekadashi falls on the 11th day of Shukla Paksha, which is the fortnight of waxing Moon phase, in the Hindu month of Ashadha (June-July). Devshayani Ekadashi is also called Shayani Ekadashi, Hari Shayani Ekadashi, Devshayani Ashadhi Ekadashi, Padma Ekadashi, Maha Ekadashi and Vaishnava Ekadashi.
The Devshayani Ekadashi meaning literally- 'Dev' means God and 'shayani' means sleeping, so compounded it means God sleeping. The name Devshayani is apt for this Ekadashi as it is believed that on this day Lord Vishnu goes to sleep in 'Ksheersagar'(the cosmic ocean of milk) on a bed made of His coiled serpent/snake, Sheshnag. From the day of Devshayani Ekadashi the Supreme Lord Vishnu is said to sleep for 4 months, which is known as 'Chaturmas' and wakes up in the Hindu month of Kartik (October-November) on Prabodhini Ekadashi/ Devotthani Ekadashi.
Devshayani Gyaras/Ekadashi always comes after the famous Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra which is a cart procession of Lord Jagannath (Lord Vishnu's form) in Puri, Orissa (Odisha).
Devotees keep fast on Devshayani Ekadashi starting from Sunrise of the day to the Sunrise of Dwadashi, which is the next day.
Devshayani Ekadashi 2020 Date
Devshayani Ekadashi 2020 is on 1st. July, Wednesday.
|Particular ||Date & Day ||Time starts ||Time ends |
|Ekadashi Tithi ||June 30, Tue ||07:49 PM || |
|Ekadashi Day ||July 1, Wed || || |
|Ekadashi Tithi ||July 1, Wed || ||5:29 PM |
|Parana Time (Breaking your fast) ||July 2, Thu ||6:05 AM ||8:44 AM |
On this day, devotees of Lord Vishnu strictly observe fast and break it (Parana) on the next day of Ekadashi after sunrise.
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Devshayani Ekadashi Significance/importance
By observing fast on Devshayani Ekadashi sins of the devotee are nullified and the devotee earns the merit to lead a happy, fulfilling life, is liberated and blessed with a place in the abode of Lord Vishnu after the soul transcends.
Lord Sri Krishna has mentioned that even hearing or reading about the Devshayani Ekadashi or the Vrat Katha washes away the sins of the devotee.
Devshayani Gyaras/Ekadashi is a very significant Ekadashi for all devotees of Lord Vishnu and especially for the Vaishnava community who observe the Devshayani Ekadashi by observing fast/vrat and follow meticulously all other rules of this auspicious Ekadashi. As per the Hindus, in the Chaturmas ('chatur' means four and 'mas' means months), auspicious occasions, like weddings etc. are not supposed to be held as Lord Sri Hari and the Devas are asleep during these months. The Chaturmas is also the monsoon season in India. Devotees also observe all Ekadashi fasts during the Chaturmas and avoid onion, garlic, grains and beans during this time.
Another significant religious event is the well known Pandharpur Yatra. Pandharpur in Maharashtra state of India houses the much revered and famous Lord Vitthala/Vithoba temple, where on the auspicious day of Devshayani Ekadashi thousands of devotees come from all over Maharashtra to pay their obscene to Lord Vitthala and Goddess Rukmini (consort of Lord Vitthala). The devotees travel in processions, on foot, from various cities and towns for days and the 'yatra' ends when they get to pray to the idol of Lord Vitthala in the Vithoba temple.
What to do on Devshayani Ekadashi:-
Performing Lord Vitthal Puja on Devshayani Ekadashi:
In Maharashtra (India), Lord Vitthala/Vitthal is popular and is specially worshipped on this holy day of Devshayani Ekadashi. Lord Vitthala is a manifestation of Lord Vishnu and also revered as Vithoba and Panduranga. The puja includes Kalash Sthapana, Panchang Sthapana, 64 Devshayani Pujan, Shetrapal Pujan, Swasti Vachan, Sankalpa, Ganesh Pujan and Abhishek, Lord Vitthal Puja, Lord Vitthal Mantra Japa, Homa, Aarti and Pushpanjali. Worshipping Lord Vitthala on Devshayani Ekadashi helps to garner the blessings of the Lord.
Benefits of Lord Vitthala Puja:-
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- Blessings of good health, wealth, success and prosperity
- Lord Vithoba's unique blessings
Performing Vishnu Sahasranama Puja:-
On Devshayani Ekadashi, it is recommended to get qualified Brahmins to chant/sing the one thousand names of Lord Vishnu which is called Vishnu Sahasranama. Chanting the Vishnu Sahasranama on this day creates positive, high frequency energies which blesses the devotee abundantly. Legend says that in the renowned Epic Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamaha had taught the Vishnu Sahasranama to King Yudhishthira. The ' Anushasanika Parvam’, chapter 149 of the Mahabharata, contain these hymns of glory to Lord Vishnu.
Benefits of this puja:
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- Best for those seeking to build wealth and double their investment
- Gives success at personal and professional levels
- Grace of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi
- Removes inauspiciousness from your home
Devshayani Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi
The rituals of Devshayani Ekadashi are specified in the ancient Hindu texts and is said to have been specified by Lord Sri Krishna while answering Yudhishthira's (eldest of Pandava brothers from Mahabharata) query.
On Devshayani Gyaras/Ekadashi visiting a Vishnu-Lakshmi temple is recommended to offer prayers. If not possible then worship at home with sincerity and pure intension.
The Devshayani Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi are:-
1) One day before Devshayani Ekadashi, which is the 10th. day of the Krishna Paksha, the person should clean his/her teeth thoroughly in the afternoon and have supper at Sunset hour.
2) On the morning of Devshayani Ekadashi, the person should intend on keeping the fast meticulously. The person should have a bath in a river (which is said to be most purifying) or a lake and in both not being available, bathe with pond water.
3) While bathing the person should smear mud on his/her body with chanting a prayer to Mother Earth.The prayer - O Asvakrante! O Rathakrante! O Vishnukrante! O Vasundhare! O Mrttike! (O Mother Earth! please remove all my sins accumulated from past lives so that I may enter the abode of the Lord Vishnu the Supreme Lord)
4) Worship Lord Govinda with complete dedication and Offer an excellent 'Bhog' (food to Divine) along with flowers, Sandalwood paste, Tulsi leaves, dhoop and other things of offering.
5) Light a Ghee lamp at home in honour of the Lord.
6) Chant or sing praises of Lord Vishnu throughout the day and remain in a most blissful state during the fast.
7) Stay awake through the night in full consciousness. If possible play musical instrument throughout the night to please the Lord.
8) The next morning the person should give charity to Brahmanas and respectfully ask them for forgiveness for any offence.
9) For people who keep a complete fast till the next day, one should say the prayer - "O Pundarikaksha, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me".
10) After the prayer the devotee should offer flowers and water at the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and request the Lord to eat by chanting the mantra of eight-syllable, thrice. To garner the full merits of the fast, the devotee should have water which has been offered to the Lord.
11) Fire sacrifices can be performed if the devotee chooses to do so
The day of Ekadashi till the next morning the devotee should involve in taking baths, singing and chanting praises of the Lord Vishnu and worship Him with complete devotion, involve in activities of devotion and doing charity. Keep your thoughts pure and positive.
Mantra for Ekadashi:
"Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya"
Meaning: I offer my obeisance to or bow down to Lord Vasudeva or Lord Krishna.
This powerful mantra was given by Sage Narada to Dhruva Maharaja as described in the Bhagavat Purana (4.8.54).
Wearing Rudraksha Beads:
On this day wearing the Ten Mukhi, a Seven Mukhi or a Nineteen Mukhi Rudraksha beads for they are ruled by Lord Krishna, Goddess Lakshmi and Narayana, respectively is highly beneficial. These Rudrakshas purifies the inner self and strengthens will power.
Fasting Rules of Devshayani Ekadashi:
As per specifications in the ancient texts, to get the benefits of the fasting on Ekadashi the person should adhere to the rules strictly.
- The devotee observing fast should have a bath on the morning of Devshayani Ekadashi.
- Beans and grains are prohibited to eat on Ekadashi.
- Killing of any animal is prohibited on this day for the devotee.
- Sleeping during the day is not allowed on Ekadashi and the next day that is on Dvadashi.
- The devotee keeping fast should not meet or interact with any cheats, frauds or people involved in any nefarious activity. The scriptures even say that if by chance the devotee comes into proximity of such a person then one should purify by standing under the sun and looking directly at it.
- Abstinence from sex, gambling on Ekadashi and Dwadashi.
- On Dwadashi (day after Ekadashi), devotees are not to eat in another person's house, have only one meal, Honey and Urad-dal (black lentil) is not to be consumed, eating on Bell metal plate or cutlery is prohibited and should not massage oil on the body.
- As per the ancient text, if the devotee has to speak to a person from the lower cast, then he/she will have to purify self by eating Tulsi leaves or an Amalaki fruit.
- If due to any reason the devotee is not able to break the fast on the next day, then he/she should have water to signify the completion of the fast and later have food when convenient.
On Devshayani Ekadashi devotees wish each other with the greeting, Happy Devshayani Ekadashi.