Govarddhan Puja (October 28, 2019 Monday) aka Annakut or Annakoot is one of India’s popular festivals. It is the day when devotees prepare and offer a large variety of vegetarian food to Govardhan Hill representing the divinity of Lord Krishna as a sign of thanksgiving. It is celebrated as Bali Pratipada or Bali Padva in the state of Maharashtra.
Generally Govardhan Puja falls next day after Diwali and is celebrated as the day when Lord Krishna chastised the heavenly king Indra. Govardhan Puja celebration is suggested during Pratipada Tithi of Kartik (Nov-Dec) month. On this day food items made of cereals like wheat, rice, curry of gram flour and leafy vegetables are prepared and offered to Lord Krishna.
The Vedic scripture Bhagavata Purana mentions the origin of this day when Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill in order to save the villagers of Vrindavan shelter from torrential rains showered by Lord Indra. The Hill served as a shelter for all the residents of Vrindavan. The incident indicates how the Lord protects all of His devotees who take singular refuge in in Him in the absolute submissive spirit. The festival is observed predominantly by the Vallabh Sampradaya (Pushtimarg), the Gaudiya Sampradaya of Chaitanya, and the Swaminarayan community. Govardhan Puja is on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in Kartik month (Nov-Dec), which happens to be the fourth day of Diwali
It is the day when Lord Krishna chastised Lord Indra. When the residents of Vrindavana, requested by Lord Krishna, ceased from performing ritual sacrifices offered to Lord Indra, the heavenly King got furious and brought forth heavy rains. Lord Krishna immediately lifted the Govardhan Hill to shelter all of them against the heavy devastating rains. The Lord told them not to perform rituals for Indra who showers rains on mountains, rivers and seas without expecting anything from them.
The Lord convinced His father Nanda Maharaja to forgo the sacrifice to Indra and instead worship Govardhan Hill. He explained to his father Nanda Maharaj This cosmic creation is going on under the influence of three modes of material nature. These modes are goodness, passion and ignorance. The modes as Nature create, maintain and destroy. it is the nature that brings rains. And after the rainfall, all the lives on the earth derive the result—success in agricultural work. What, then, has Indra to do in this affair? Even if you do not please Indra, what can he do? We do not derive any special benefit from Indra. Then, why should the residents of Vrindavana spend so much of their energy, resources on the performance of rituals? Instead of worshipping Indira, they better worship Govardhan Hill.
Lord Krishna stood lifting the Hill for seven days as Indra continued the torrential rains all over Vrindavana. When Indra realized that it is the Lord Himself from whom he derives his powers, he at once fell at His feet and apologized.