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Shani Jayanti (Shani Amavasya) 2023: Date, Shani Dev Puja Vidhi


Lord Shani Dev As per Vedic astrology, Shani or Shanidev is the ruling deity of planet Saturn. Shanidev, the son of Lord Surya and Devi Chayya was born on the Amavasya of Vaishakh month, which this year falls on Friday, May 19, 2023. The mother of Shani Dev was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva, which automatically made Shani Dev the recipient of the eternal blessings of Lord Shiva. As per the mythological fact, Shani Dev had Lord Shiva’s blessings while he was in his mother’s womb.

Shani Jayanti or Shani's birthday anniversary is a powerful day to please the Lord of planet Saturn - Shanidev. Shanidev – Lord of the planet Saturn is revered as the Lord of Karma and Justice, the one who gives results to everyone exactly as per their speech, deeds/actions, and even thoughts. Everything about Shanidev/his iconography has a symbolic meaning; he is depicted wearing blue or black robes, having a dark complexion, and riding on his vehicle (a crow) that follows Shanidev wherever he goes. Shanidev is also seen in a vehicle – a chariot drawn by eight horses, carrying a sword or danda (sceptre) and even has a Trishul (like Lord Shiva).

Shanidev – Lord of planet Saturn’s influence (if this planet is malefic in the horoscope) brings in elaborate delays, struggles, tough situations, and challenges in one’s life. Particularly the Sade Sati (7 ½ years) period, conjunction with other malefic planets or Shani mahadasha (if malefic in the horoscope), Shani panoti (cursed) period can cause extreme delays and hardships. Therefore, pleasing and seeking Shanidev’s blessings particularly on Shani Jayanti is highly fruitful in addition to the 6th day (Saturday) of the week named after Shanidev’s name (Shanivaar/Saturday).

Astronomers have calculated Saturn to be the slowest planet of all, which explains the delays why natives face slow progress and delays under Shanidev’s influence. Shanidev’s intention and influence make the natives disciplined, propels them to overcome hurdles and do good quality work and hard work. Shanidev in essence is a taskmaster, observer of Karma, and giver of results accordingly. But know this, whenever you face struggles and delays, constant disappointments, failures, know that this all is Shanidev’s influence (think of it as blessings) working in the background to mold you for better and preparing you for your next level in life.

With Shanidev’s blessings, difficult time changes into better times and the natives are blessed with valuable opportunities miraculous results in varied areas of life.

Several devotees pray to Shani dev Saturday and on the auspicious Shani Jayanti to secure his grace and blessings of better times, great luck and life ahead.

How to Get Shani Dev Blessings on Shani Jayanti & on All Saturday

CHANT BELOW MANTRAS On Shani Jayanti and on all Saturdays (a day dedicated and named after Shanidev):

Chant Hanuman Chalisa and offer oil to Lord Hanuman on Saturdays during your hardships. Also, you can chant the following Shani's mantra after the sunset every day.

Nilanjana Sama Bhasam Raviputram Yama Grajam ||
Chhaya Martanda Sambhootam Tam Namami Shanaishcharam ||

“I bow to Lord Shani, who is black in color and the divine son of Sun and born to Chhaya and brother of Lord Yama, who moves very slowly.”

Recall and chant the powerful Names of Shanidev on Shani Jayanti and on all Saturdays: Lord Shani is endowed with 108 names based on His attributes. Given below are some of His names with meanings.

1. Sanaischara - One Who Is Slow, Slow in Motion
2. Shanta - Peaceful and calm
3. Sarvabhishta-pradayin - One who fulfills desires
4. Sharanya - Who provides shelter and protection from enemies
5. Varenya - Brilliant, Excellent; the one who is admirable
6. Sarvesha - The one who controls all
7. Saumya - Gentle, Soft, Mild
8. Suravandhaya - On who is worshipped by Suras, Gods and Divine bodies
9. Suralokaviharin - One who walks among the Gods and Divine
10. Sukhasanopavishta - One who sits on riches, opulence, and bliss


This year’s Shani Jayanti on the Friday, May 19, 2023 tithi as follows:
Amavasya Tithi Starts: 09:42 PM on May 18, 2023
Amavasya Tithi Ends: 09:22 PM on May 19, 2023

Shanti Jayanti Special Products & Pujas

Shani Graha Puja Mantra Japa & Yagna:

A highly powerful puja for neutralizing malefic effects of Saturn. Best sor Success in worldly affairs and business.

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Shani Dosh Nivaran Puja:

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Shani (Sade Sati) Mantra Japa & Yagna:

If you are stressed by Sade Sati, this is the puja for you. Best for warding off the negative effects and attaining an exalted position in life.

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Puja at Shani Shingnapura

Performing a Shani Puja at Shani Shingnapura is supremely beneficial. Best for rectifying Shani dosha in your Kundali/horoscope.

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Shanti Yantra Locket in Gold

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Shani Yantra in Copper

Best Yantra to pacify an afflicted Shani and achieve an exalted position at personal and professional level in life.

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Horse Shoe Shani Ring

Black Horse Shoe Iron ring blessed in Shani Shingnapur. Beset for relief in Sade Sati. Eradicates ill-effects of evil spirits and brings good luck.
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Shree Siddha Shani Yantra

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Shani Yantra on Bhojpatra

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Blue Sapphire

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Shani - The Saturn in Bronze

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A visit to Shani temples is the best way to contact the atmosphere that is energized by the constant energy and recitation of the main Shani mantra and other mantras.

Visit Shani temple: Best if the temple has all Navgraha (9 planets), Lord Hanuman, and a Peepal (Sacred fig) tree. Offer oil mixed with sesame to the Shanidev.

Best time for Shani worship:

Evening: Light up a Diya (mustard oil or sesame oil lamp) at Peepal (sacred fig) tree in the evening and circumambulate it seven times. Once done, offer seven ladoos and other food to a black dog or other colour dogs if the black dog is not found

Which items should you give as daan (donation) on Shani Jayanti and on Saturdays:Black items like black grams, sesame oil are dear to Shani and good for donation and charity

Recitation of mantras and Shani Dosha Nivaran Puja: Recite the main Shani mantra (as shared above) and Shani Chalisa throughout the day and in the evening. It is also the most auspicious day for performing Shani Puja to appease Lord Shani. Shani Dosha Nirvan Puja can be performed to minimize the effects of Shani.

Shani Fasting rules:

Observe fast on this day from sunrise to sunset. Take a single meal after your puja in the evening.

Conduct Special Shani Jayanti Mahapuja: Even this year we at Rudra Centre are performing this mahapuja.

Shani Dev Maha Puja Vidhi

Shani Jayanti Mahapuja Benefits:

● Relief from malefic Saturn or Saturn cycle in the native’s astrology chart/horoscope such as Sade Sati, Shani Dosha, Panoti period, and other malefic planets that conjoin with Shani
● Reduced bad luck and misfortunes
● Increased resilience to mitigate the effects of karma
● Receive favourable results of good deeds
● Success in business and ability to reach great heights

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On 22nd May 2020, Shani Jayanti Maha Puja was performed by Rudra which include fervent recitation of Shani Strotra, Shani Kavach, Hanuman Chalisa 108 times and chanting of Shani maha-mantra by our karmakand pundits that filled the yajmans and attendant devotees with joy and bestowed blessings of Lord Shani for protection and peace and mitigating effects of karma and success in personal and professional life.

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Astronomically, planet Saturn (Lord of the planet – Shanidev) is the second-largest planet in the Solar system and the sixth planet, as per distance from the Sun. The ancient Hindu texts of astronomy, like, Aryabhatta's (a well-known astronomer and mathematician) book Aryabhatiya, written in the 5th century and some other texts have described planet Saturn (Lord of the planet – Shanidev)’s apogee, revolution, epicycles, nodal longitudes and data of other parameters. However, the texts have data, which do not match with each other and have gone through revisions down the ages. For example, Varaha's book Surya Siddhanta previously stated that the planet Saturn (Lord of the planet – Shanidev) completes 146,564 revolves on its own axis every 4,320,000 earth years, which is a later version of the book was revised to 146,568 revolutions with added changes in apogee, axis, and other parameters. Twentieth-century calculations present that Saturn/Shani's estimated time per sidereal revolution to be 10,759 days in 5 hours, 16 minutes, 32.2 seconds.

Shani in AstrologyAstrologically, planet Saturn (Lord of the planet – Shanidev) has immense significance in Vedic astrology. Shanidev, born to Lord Sun and Devi Chayya is considered a shadow planet in astrology. In the birth chart, Shani is the Karaka (doer) or ruler of the sixth, eighth and tenth house and also teaches us how to detach from situations/conditions/people, etc. Depending on the placement of Shani/Saturn in the birth chart and the degree of placement, it is considered auspicious or inauspicious and affects the native accordingly. For example, if Shani is placed in Libra between 0-20 degrees then it is considered exalted. As per Vedic astrology the relationship between various planets also matters and the relationship can be either neutral, of an enemy, or friendly. Like Shani is friends with Mercury and Venus, whereas is an enemy of Sun, Moon, and Mars planet. Shani or Saturn transits from one house to the other also have their own importance and effects accordingly with positive or negative results.

What is seven and half years (Sade Sati) period of Shani: For anyone who believes in Vedic astrology, the Shani Sade-Sati, a period of seven and half years, is dreaded as it is a period of many challenges and learning in a hard way. However, it is said that it is not as bad as some astrologers project it to be and there are many examples of celebrities and leaders who have achieved great success during the Sade-Sati of Shani. This testing phase is about how an individual reacts and behaves in situations. This phase also involves also signifies spiritual asceticism, penance, discipline, and hard work, which refines the native for its next level.


Power of Shani Dev Those who believe in astrology have a general perception of Shani’s aggressive and wrathful influence on the natives’ life. It is true that he brings havoc in life but one must understand his position; the Vedas confirm that deities that are empowered to execute cosmic tasks can ever harm or annihilate the existence of living beings because they are divine by nature. It is true that Saturn’s (Shani) malefic position in the horoscope of individuals delays success, causes endless struggles, and gives disappointments but it is the result of one’s karma. People are afraid of Lord Shani, the ruler of the planet Saturn (takes about thirty years to orbit around the Sun) indicating that Shani casting his eyes on you slows your progress of everything in your life. Then why is Shani so aggressive? Being one of the nine planets, planet Saturn personifies Lord Shani that means Śanayē Kramati Saḥ; “the one who moves slowly”. As per Vedic scriptures, he is the elder son of Surya (Sun god) with Yama (the god of death) being the younger; Shani was born of Chhaya (Shadow) who was created by Lord Sun’s first wife Saranyu, as she was unable to bear her husband’s radiance. Lord Shani is the god of punishment, deliverance of justice, and hardships. He gives the results of your actions throughout your life whereas his younger brother Yama gives the results of your actions after death. Vedic scriptures call Shanidev the greatest teacher, well doer, punishment giver, and manage justice fairly and at all times. He teaches hard lessons by putting you in the loops of struggles, hardships, and at times frustrations, just to keep you grounded so that you refrain from daydreaming, being overambitious, and creating inner fantasies. Once you learn these lessons, Shani rewards you to your heart’s contentment. With his blessings, the rich lose everything (if they were wrong), and the poor gain everything overnight (if they proved themselves).

Shani Dev Story (The Lord of Planet Saturn)

Father of Shani DevAs per the Skanda Purana, which is the most accepted story about Lord Shani, the father and mother of Shanidev are Lord Sun and Chayya Devi (actual name Though Surya Devta used to consider Sandhya a dedicated wife, Sandhya never liked the bright radiance of Surya Devta and wanted His radiance to reduce or her brilliance to increase to match His. The story narrates that Sandhya did penance and created a Chayya or shadow self, which was a clone of her. She named this shadow self ‘Suvarna’. Giving the responsibilities of her and Surya Dev's children Vaivastahva Manu, Yama Raj, and the Yamuna, Sandhya went off to her parents' house. Sandhya did all this without the knowledge of Lord Surya and made Suvarna promise that she would behave exactly like Sandhya and not reveal anything to Lord Sun. On the other hand, Sandhya’s parents were upset about learning about what she has done, and, her father chided her for her behaviour, and asked her to return to her husband. However, Sandhya went off to the forest and took the form of a mare to protect herself.

Lord Sun, unaware of the secret of Sandhya, was leading His life with Sandhya’s 'chayya', Suvarna, and had three children Manu, Lord Shani and Putri Bhadra (Tapti).

Another version of Lord Shani's birth is that Maharishi Kashyap's Yagna created Lord Shani. It is said that Chayya/ Suvarna was a great Lord Shiva devotee and her penance resulted in Lord Shani being born very powerful from his mother Chayya/Suvarna from his birth. So much so that when Shanidev looked at His father, Lord Sun, while He was insulting his mother, Lord Sun got burnt to black and the horses of His chariot refused to move. Lord Sun then prayed to Lord Shiva to help Him, who explained the reason of Shani's behaviour. Lord Sun admitted His fault and regained His original self and glory. Shanidev became an obedient son to His father and mother. Shanidev married twice, Manda and Neelima, and had two sons, Maandhi and Kulingan.


Shani Shinganapur Shanishignapur is a village located on Aurangabad-Ahmednagar highway, 6 km from Ghodegaon. The Shani temple in Shanishignapur is famous worldwide and is considered to be very powerful. Here Shanidev's idol form is established in the open air, even though the temple is there. It symbolizes that Shanidev does not want to live under anyone's shadow. It is said that Lord Shani appeared in the dreams of the villagers and told them that He wants His idol to be installed in the open. The temple does not have any doors, so it is open all through the day and night.

There are some interesting facts about Shanisignapur, which are connected to Lord Shani who blesses and protects the village and villagers, like, the houses in Shanisignapur have no doors and everyone is carefree and sleeps peacefully. If there are doors there are no locks. There has been no theft in this village. No complaint has ever been lodged with the police here. There is no fraud/cheating, murder or rape and many such other facts, which are astounding in today's age and time.

There was a Neem tree on the Northside of the idol of Shanidev but whenever its branches would grow to cover the top of the idol of the Shanidev, it would either get burnt or break. A story says that once this Neem tree was burnt to the roots when lightning struck it but miraculously the next day the Neem tree was found lush green, all by the grace of Lord Shani.

In Shanisignapur, Lord Shani is the ruler. Thousands of devotees come each day to offer oil to the Lord and be blessed. The people of Shanisignapur trust Shanidev and know that they will be punished for their bad karma.

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