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What is Gudi Padwa and What do to on Gudi Padwa?

Gudi Padwa festival Gudi Padwa is the most important festival for the state of Maharashtra and Konkan region i.e. Goa of India where it is referred to as Saṁsāra Pāḍavo. Considered a significant traditional festival, it is celebrated as the New Year by Maharashtrian Hindus. Gudi Padva/Padwa is celebrated in different states and regions of our country in different styles or with a different set of rituals and is known by various names. This day is celebrated as the Ugadi festival in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. It is called “Ugadi” in Telugu and “Yugadi” in Kannada. Padwa originates from the word 'Paddava' which means the foremost day or the first day and refers to the waxing Moon and 'Gudi' is the symbolical flag which is raised which explains the Gudi Padwa meaning. Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra month (as per the lunisolar Hindu calendar), which coincides with the first day of Shukla Paksha (first day after New Moon) which falls in March-April. The mood in and around the state of Maharashtra changes to a happy, joyous celebratory mode on this day that includes traditional rituals too. Families enthusiastically decorate their houses to welcome the New Year in anticipation of an excellent year ahead, vibrant coloured clothes are worn and the infectious mood translates to smiling faces everywhere on this day of the Gudi Padwa festival.

When is Gudi Padwa?

Gudi Padwa or Parva is going to be celebrated on March 22, 2023, Wednesday.
Prtipada Tithi Begins – 10:52 PM on Mar 21, 2023
Prtipada Tithi Ends – 08:20 PM on Mar 22, 2023

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Significance and Importance of Gudi Padwa

This festival is a perfect day to start any new venture, business or undertake a new course as it holds tremendous importance in the Hindu religion. At the beginning of the lunisolar year i.e. the Hindu calendar starts from Chaitra and it is the day when people celebrate Gudi Padwa. Every item used in hoisting the Gudi has a deep meaning behind it and it signifies various positive aspects that brighten our life. It is believed to dispel the negativity and bring good fortune and happiness to the home.

Why is Gudi Padwa celebrated?

Every cultural festival of India has a reason behind its celebration. The entire celebration of Gudi Padva revolves around three major reasons. First, it is believed that Lord Brahma created the cosmic universe on this day. Second, Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after the war against Ravana. And third, it underlines the beginning of Spring or Vasant Ritu as the sun planet is above the intersecting point of Equator. Another significant reason for celebrating Gudi Padwa is that it marks the harvest /reaping of Rabi crops. As India is chiefly an agricultural country, this is an important sign of Gudi Padwa.

In Maharashtra, locals celebrate by honoring Shivaji Maharaja and his victory over the Mughal dominance in the region. It is believed that the Gudi which is raised on the day in Maharashtrian Hindu homes is also to honor his victory.

Story of Gudi Padwa

The story of Lord Brahma has special importance for Gudi Padwa. The Puranas narrate that the Universe was completely wiped out by an enormous deluge. Even the cycle of time stopped. Lord Brahma recreated the Universe and re-initiated time to start once again, on the day that Gudi Padwa is celebrated. This is the reason why the Gudi is also called 'Brahma Dhwaja' and raised to commemorate this event. On this day Lord Brahma, the Creator, is worshipped too.

Gudi: Central Figure of the Festival

People raise Gudhi (Gudi) on the right side of their houses on the outside. It is made of a long wooden bamboo covered with an overturned copper pot called Kalasha and a brocade-filled yellow piece of cloth (green or saffron at times). Atop are the sugar crystals, neem leaves, and a twig of mango leaves with a garland of flowers is kept.

  • Kalash means pot. In the revealed scriptures Kalash is called purnakalash. Purna means complete. So it is a complete pot with purity used for keeping holy waters or other ceremonial liquids
  • Colours of the cloth used are generally yellow, green, or saffron. The yellow color represents sato guna. It symbolizes Agni the Fire God and Surya elements and kills tamasic energies or the darkness (ignorance). Green and saffron represent life, beginning as Lord Brahma had created the cosmos on this day and the fire element (divine) that leads the intense yellow (pure fire), respectively. A twig of Mango leaves represents immortality
  • Red flowers used in the Gudi epitomize the qualities of passion against the negative elements. In the Vedas, all the aggressive deities such Goddess Kali signify red color that intimidates the survival of the evil spirits
  • Sugar crystals: Panchamrit has Sugar as one of the ingredients. It represents sweetness. Being sweet, humble , and respectful is the first quality of people in the mode of goodness (Sato guna). In the entire Ramayana, Lord Rama never used harsh languages against any of His subjects including His enemies.

Gudi Padwa History

This auspicious festival is said to signify the triumph of good over evil just as Lord Rama defeated Ravana. The history of Gudi Padwa dates back to the mythological episode of the coronation of Lord Rama in Ayodhya after He returned from the exile of 14 years. So Gudi Padwa is also believed to be the celebration of this occasion. The Gudi on the stick is significantly similar to the victory flag that flutters high in the sky.

Gudi Padwa Festival is celebrated in which State?

It is a Hindu festival that is mainly celebrated in the South region of India in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana. Gudi Padwa is celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal by the Maharashtrians especially because it is the first day of the Hindu lunisolar year.

How to make Gudi?

In its entirety, the Gudhi (gudi) symbolizes a celestial tool against all negative vibes and to usher prosperity, good fortune, good health, and energies of abundance.

gudi padwa celebration
  • Keep a bamboo stick of medium length ready
  • Tie a bright green or yellow cloth with a golden border at the end of this stick
  • Tie some mango and neem leaves around this cloth
  • Add a flower garland, generally, Yellow or Orange Marigold flower garlands are used, along with mishri (sugar crystals) termed 'Sakar Gathi', around this cloth
  • Place an inverted Silver or Copper Kalash (pot) at the top of the stick. Draw the sacred Swastik symbol with Kumkum on it
  • Place this Gudi (in a slightly tilted position) on the right side of the main entrance of the house
  • Hoist this Gudi, considering it as a flag of Bramha. The Gudi is raised to a height where it is visible by all from near and far


  • Traditionally Gudhi Padwa Puja starts with an oil bath before sunrise, by first rubbing oil on the body and then having a bath. The Sun energies are imbibed by the devotees on Sunrise.
  • The family members worship at the puja altar at home. Offerings of the special sweets are made which are prepared on that day along with other Naivedya
  • The Hoisting of the Gudi is the most significant part of the Gudi Padwa puja. It is installed as per the Tithi after Sunrise. So after assembling the Gudi/Gudhi, it is raised by invoking the blessings of Bramha and Vishnu by chanting their mantra and addressing the Lord in this way:
    “O Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu Please enable me to absorb the Principle of Creation and the Fire Principle present in the atmosphere. Let the Divine consciousness present in these principles be preserved constantly. Let the energy thus received, be used for my spiritual practice”
  • The aarti of the Gudi is performed along with offerings
  • Some choose to perform Homa or Havan at home and some also visit temples to worship
    On this auspicious day, the prayers and the intentions of everyone are that of hope and positive expectations for the year to follow. Other information of Gudi Padwa is available on various websites or can be enquired from experienced family members or friends.


story of gudi padwaGudi Padwa is about new beginnings. The preparation for Gudi Padwa celebrations starts days ahead when houses are thoroughly cleaned like it is done before the festival of Diwali. Like every year, Gudi Padwa 2023 will be a public holiday in Maharashtra.

On the day of Gudi Padwa after having the traditional bath, the day starts with the ritual of having a paste of Neem leaves, Jaggery, and Tamarind as it purifies the blood and regulates its circulation. Another version of this paste also has Corriander seeds. Unlike other Indian festivals where having sweets is prevalent, Gudi Padwa festival celebrations include this unique ritual of having this bitter-sweet-sour mixture which in one way represents the way life tastes.

The women of the house create beautiful multi-hued Rangolis outside the house and on the staircase leading to the house. This tradition holds huge significance and is an integral part of the celebrations. The Rangoli designs include the symbols of Swastik, Om, and other auspicious symbols. Coloured powder and sometimes flower petals are used for the Rangoli displays. Rangoli is said to invite prosperity and abundance into the house.

Torans with a combination of Mango leaves and flowers are hung above the main entrance door. All family members wear new clothes. Women wear Gold jewelry as Gold is a symbol of prosperity and also prefers wearing the traditional Maharashtrian Nauvari saree on Gudi Padwa.

Special dishes like Shrikhand-Poori, Puran Poli are made fresh for Gudi Padwa and are offered to God and the Gudi as well. The most important ritual of hoisting the Gudi is done by the family members with fervor. Traditionally the Gudi is raised by a senior member of the family. It is a day of bonding and togetherness with friends and relatives. Meeting friends, exchanging gifts with each other, and having meals/sweets together is the order of the day. The doors of the house are kept wide open to welcome all guests.

In cities and towns of Maharashtra, processions of men and women with flags in their hand, dressed in colorful traditional attire dancing and singing about the valor of Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj is a common sight. The traditional Maharashtrian dance Lezim is often seen being performed in these processions with the accompaniments of traditional drums and Bugal of Maharashtra.

As Rangoli is an important part of Gudi Padwa, Rangoli displays are seen on the streets too. Rangoli competitions are organized in many areas of cities that have enthusiastic participation. The tradition of buying Gold, new houses, vehicles, the inauguration of new businesses/shops is prevalent. Because the day is highly auspicious so it is considered anything new started on this day will be blessed to reap abundance. The auspicious occasion of Gudi Padwa 2023 is eagerly awaited by everyone who celebrates it. It is a day when deities are invoked for blessings, the Gudi is raised to ward off evil and everyone is prepared to relax, indulge, and enjoy this day. These are some of the widely followed Gudi Padwa rituals.

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