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Gudi Padwa
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Guri Parwa (Gudi Padwa) 2020: Date, Meaning of Gudi (Gidhi), Information of Gudi Padwa

Gudi padwa, Significance of Gudi Padwa, Puja on Gudi PadwaGudi Padwa, Padva or Parva (March 25, 2020 Wednesday) is one of the most celebrated festivals especially in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It marks the traditional New Year for the Marathi and Konkani Hindus as per the luni-solar calendar. It is marked on the first day of Chaitra Month (March-April). In general, major Vedic festivals and cultural events mark the welcome ceremony of March month as it is the spring which is closely associated with agriculture. Highlights of this festival are Rangoli, Gudhi, cultural processions and traditional delicious food items. Considered as the significant traditional festival, Gudi Padva is known by various names such as Gudhi Padava in Marathi, Ugadi in Telugu and Yugadi in Kannada. In the Konkan region of Maharashtra, the local Hindus call it as samsara paadavo. For the Sindhi community, Gudi Padwa is celebrated as Cheti Chand because of this day Lord Jhulelal, the Ishta Deva or the family deity of the Sindhi community had appeared.

Padva or Padwa originates from the word Sanskrit word ‘Pratipada’ which means the foremost day or the first day on which the Moon appears after amāvāsya (New Moon day).

Gudi Padwa 2020 Tithi Timing:

Particular Date & Day Time starts Time ends
Pratipada Tithi March 24, Tue 2:57 PM  
Pratipada Tithi March 25, Wed   5:26 PM

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Why Gudi Padwa Is Celebrated: Gudi Padwa History and Significance

Just like there are reasons behind the occurrence of natural events, every cultural festival of India has a reason behind its celebration. The entire celebration of Gudi Padva revolves around two major reasons.

Creation of Universe:

WHY WE CELEBRATE GUDI PADWA It is believed that Lord Brahma, ordered by Lord Krishna or Vishnu, created the material cosmic universes. In fact, Brahma is the title offered to the creator and manager of the material cosmos. In the Vedic literatures such as Shrimad Bhagavatam, Lord Brahma is born from the lotus that sprouts from the navel of Lord Vishnu. Of all the demigods, Lord Brahma is the Chief engaged in a variety of creative functions that are beyond the human mind.
In the Vaishnava scriptures, Lord Vishnu or Krishna from the indestructible spiritual worlds called the Vaikunthas creates the sub-stratum universe or the material world. The immediate task then includes appointing or empowering Brahma to serve as the Chief engineer or manager to further create and manage the cosmic universes.

It is said that the day Brahma began meditating (for generating creative force) and creating the material universes was the day of Gudi Padwa.

Lord Rama’s Coronation in Ayodhya:

SIGNIFICANCE OF GUDI PADWAGudi Padwa marks the coronation of Lord Rama after He along with His wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and eternal servitor Hanuman returned to Ayodhya. The entire life of Rama is wonderfully described in the Valmiki Ramayana. The people of Ayodhya raised flags (like a Gudhi) in honor of the Lord and His associates.

There is a deeper meaning to this episode. Sita is Lakshmi Herself or the Goddess of Fortune who is engaged in the service of Lord Vishnu. Another name of Lakshmi is Chanchala meaning ‘fickle’ or ‘unstable’. Her natural position is being at Her Lord’s feet. When Sita was kidnapped by King of Lanka Ravana, the Lord was distressed and aggrieved.

Ravana was once cursed by a yogi (whose daughter was violated by him) that if he attempts to enjoy a woman by physical force, his head would be shattered to pieces. Sita was guarded from a gross sexual violation by Her chastity. Finding that Ravana was adamant about his determination to hold Sita captive, Lord Rama concluded that the war was inevitable. And it ensued, resulting in the end of Ravana’s atrocious sovereignty.

After the phenomenal victory, the Lord, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman returned to their kingdom. People had almost died since their King Rama had left for Lanka. It was the day when the life returned to their body. It was the day when they regained their natural position of being happy. It was the day everything in the kingdom began with a fresh start. Therefore that day is celebrated today as Gudi Padwa.

Gudi or Gudhi: Central figure of the festival

Gudi PadwaThe most significant part of this festival in Maharashtra is Gudhi which means ‘flag’. People raise Gudhi (Gudi) on the right side of their houses on the outside. It is made of a long wooden bamboo covered with an overturned copper pot called Kalasha and a brocade-filled yellow piece of cloth (green or saffron at times). Atop are the sugar crystals, neem leaves and a twig of mango leaves with a garland of flowers is kept.

Kalash: Kalash means pot. In the revealed scriptures Kalash is called purnakalash. Purna means complete. So it is a complete pot with purity used for keeping holy waters or other ceremonial liquids. It is regarded as one of the most auspicious and sacred objects in Jainism. In the Vedic literatures, it is regarded as prana-srota (source of life) because it is complete. According to the Ishopanishad, the only complete can be the source of life in every sphere of the cosmos. There it is mentioned that the Lord who is complete creates everything in a complete balance. All the major Vedic deities hold Kalasha which is said to contain elixir (amrita: the nectar of immortality). It also denotes the divinity of Lord Ganesh and his mother Parvati or Gauri. She is the source of life of Lord Ganesh who removes obstacles obstructing the flow of energy or life.

Cloth: Colours of the cloth used are generally are yellow, green or saffron. Yellow color represents sato guna. It symbolizes Agni the Fire god and Surya elements and kills tamsic energies or the darkness (ignorance). A Green and saffron represent life, beginning as Lord Brahma had created the cosmos on this day and the fire element (divine) that leads the intense yellow (pure fire), respectively. A twig of Mango leaves represents immortality.

Flowers: Red flowers used in the Gudi epitomize the qualities of passion against the negative elements. In the Vedas, all the aggressive deities such Goddess Kali signify red colour that intimidate the survival of the evil spirits.
History of Holi Sugar crystals: Panchamrit has Sugar as one of the ingredients. It represents sweetness. Being sweet, humble and respectful is the first quality of people in the mode of goodness (sato guna). In the entire Ramayana, Lord Rama never used harsh languages against any of His subjects including His enemies.

In its entirety, the Gudhi (gudi) symbolizes a celestial tool against all negative vibes. It is also regarded as the Brahma-Dwaj, the flag of Lord Brahma. It represents the victory of good over bad. It is said that on the day of Gudi Padwa, The deities from the spiritual world fly down to visit the bhuloka (earthly planets) and their divine energies move into the house though the Gudi.

Once the festival is over, people use this pot for drinking or storing water. This kalash which represents the spiritual sky charged with divine elements removes all the impurities from the body, refines the sensesand increases one’s spiritual strength.

How To Make Gudi At Home and Celebrate Gudi Padwa:

Ingredients Required: A Bamboo stick (mid-sized), Kalash (water pot), Cloth (green or yellow), Mango & Neem leaves, Flower Garland and Sugar Crystal

HOW TO MAKE GUDI AT HOME AND CELEBRATE GUDI PADWA
  • Keep ready a bamboo stick of medium length.
  • Tie a bright green or yellow cloth with gold border at the end of this stick.
  • Tie some mango and neem leaves around this cloth.
  • Add a flower garland along with mishri (sugar crystals) around this cloth.
  • Place an inverted silver or copper lota (pot) at the top of the stick. Place this Gudi (in a slight tilted position) on the right side of your home doorway.
  • Hoist this Gudi, considering it as a flag of Bramha. Invoke the blessings of Bramha and Vishnu by chanting their mantra and address the Lord in this way:

O Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu Please enable me to absorb the Principle of Creation and the Fire Principle present in the atmosphere. Let the Divine consciousness present in these principles be preserved constantly. Let the energy thus received, be used for my spiritual practice.

History of Holi Gudhi is associated with Lord Vivasvan, the Sun god who shares his energy in the form of unlimited heat and light. The Hindu families perform a special puja of the Gudhi. It is to be noted that the puja is performed by the eldest family member followed by others.

On this day, the families worship Lord Rama marking His return from Lanka to Ayodhya. They offer a coconut, neem leaves and jaggery. Also, they offer Puran Poli, a popular homemade traditional sweet item of Maharashtra. During the puja, the head of the family pray for protection, harmony and health. Following the puja, coconut (grated), neem leaves and jaggary are mixed and served as prasadam.

People prefer to chew the neem leaves. Also, a paste made of neem leaves, coriander seeds, jaggery and tamarind is taken. The paste of these ingredients purifies blood and regulates its circulation. People generally spring-clean their homes and create multi-hued rangolis with natural colors on the floor outside or inside their homes.

Gudi Padwa Special Products from Rudra Centre:

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We offer a kit specially prepared for Gudi Padwa festival. It contains all the essential items to prepare Gudi for decorating the entrance of house.

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Ramayana Path:

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Article Written by Neeta Singhal

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