Goddess Katyayani is one of the fiercest Goddesses among the Nava Durga’s. She is worshipped 6th day of Navratri and is also known as the Sixth Navratri Devi. She is one of the highly revered forms of Goddess Durga and is known to destroy the evil. According to the iconography, She has four hands and holds a long sword in one of Her hands and a lotus in the other two Hands. With Her fourth hand she blesses Her devotees as Her fourth hand is in Abhaya mudra.
Legend of Goddess Katyayani/ Mata Katyayani Katha
According to the ancient texts, Years ago there lived a sage known as 'Kat' who had named his offspring as 'Katya'. After a period of time Katya’s decendent was born who came to be known as sage 'Katyayan'. Sage Katyayan had no children. He did a lot of penance and worshipped and prayed to the gods to get a kid. During that period, the evil spirit Mahishasura was causing a lot of trouble and created a lot of problems for the gods. His persecution was expanding step by step. The divine beings moved toward Vishnu to looked for an approach to end Mahishasura. At Vishnu's command, Shiva and Brahma went along with him and after that the Trinity (as Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma) transmitted flames. These flares took the form of Goddess Katyayani. It is said that because Goddess Katyayani took birth as the child of Sage Katyayan, She was named as ‘Katyayani’. Goddess Katyayani was born to put an end to the evil spirits and was conceived as a warrior. She had a shining structure with three eyes, eighteen hands and was refulgent as a thousand suns. All the gods gifted goddess Katyayani with weapons to kill the demon Mahishasura. Shiva gave Her a trident, Vishnu gave Her a disk (Sudarshana Chakra), Varuna gave Her a conch shell (shankha), Agni gave a dart, Vayu gave a bow, Surya talented Her a quiver, Indra skilled a jolt, Kubera gave Her a mace, Brahma talented Her a rosary and a water pot, Kala gave Her a sword and a shield and Vishwakarma gave Her a fight hatchet and numerous different weapons. Goddess Katyayani mounts on a lion. Armed with all the equipments, Ma Katyayani continued towards Vindhya Mountains where Mahishasura lived.
Introduction of Mahishasura
There is a fascinating story on the introduction of Mahishasura. His dad Rambha, was the lord of evil spirits (asuras). He once began to look all starry eyed at princess Mahishi, who was reviled to be a water wild ox. Mahisha is the Sanskrit word for wild ox. Mahishsura was conceived out of the association of Rambha and Mahishi. Because of his genealogy, he had the option to change structure between an asura and wild ox.
End of Mahishasura
A fierce fight occurred between Ma Katyayani and Mahishasura. She killed him by beheading him with a sword. The killing of Mahishasura is celebrated and observed as Durga Puja in various parts of our country (India). She is likewise named as Mahishasuramardini, the person who executed Mahishasura.
Legends of Bhagavata Purana
As indicated by Bhagavata Purana, youthful eligible young ladies in Gokula observed fast during the whole month of Margashirsha and offered prayers to Goddess Katyayani to get Lord Krishna as their consort. It is mentioned that these women created idol of goddess Katyayani with earth and clay and worshipped it. From that point on, it is accepted, that young ladies who fast and pray over goddess Katyayani will get commendable spouses. In Tamil Nadu, Devi Kanya Kumari, the virgin goddess is said to be a symbol of Ma Katyayani. She is venerated during the Pongal which additionally harmonizes with Makar Sankranthi.
Why do unmarried girls worship Katyayani Mata
It is believed that Maa Katyayani Devi who is also referred to as the 6th Navratri Devi blesses unmarried girls to get the desired groom. It is said that if unmarried women offer prayers to 6th Day Navratri Devi by chanting the Katyayani Mantra for Marriage along with the “Om Katyayani Mahamaye” Mantra 108 times, their wish of getting married is fulfilled and they are blessed with the most compatible partner. The Katyayani Mata Mantras are very fruitful. Even married couples who face problems in their marriage can chant Katyayani Mata Mantra for restoring peace and love in the married life.
How to do Maa Katyayani Puja?
If you want to know how to worship Maa Katyayani it is very important to know how to perform a Puja in the right manner in order to invoke the deity and to appease Her. If you want to perform the Katyayani Puja you need to first collect the Puja Samagri. The Puja Samagri is given below.
How to do Maa Katyayani Puja? / Katyayani Puja Vidhi for Marriage
In case if you miss out on one or more ingredients substitute it with Akshat, Now let us take a look at the Puja Vidhi
Clean the place where you are going to perform the The Katyayani devi puja
Goddess Katyayani is associated with the Red colour so, Place a Red fresh cloth on the table or the platform where you are going to install the idol or photograph of Katyayani Mata
Now perform the Aatma Pujan which is a process of purifying self though chanting “Om Apavitrah Pavitro Va Sarvavastham Gatoapi Va, Yah Smrait Pundarika Aksham Sa Vahy Abhyantarah Shuchih”
Now, apply a Tika, also known asTilak on your forehead
Take some Holy water in your palm and drink. This Vidhi is known as Aachman’ and chant the below given mantra“Om Keshavaya Namah, Om Narayanaya Namah, Om Madhavaya Namah, Om Govindaya Namah”
Once this is done, Take water in your palms and with a pure heart make a wish. This Vidhi is known as Sankalp and is done to fulfil the objective of the Puja.
Now offer prayers to Katyayani Maa to come and to shower Her presence in the Puja which is to be performed
Now after you are done meditating and offering prayers, offer some fresh flowers
Now offer water on the Holy feet of Maa Katyayani
Offer Sandalwood powder, flowers and Akshat mixed with water to the Goddess
Offer water which has camphor dissolved in it
Now perform the Snan vidhi by giving a Holy Bath to the idol of Katyayani Maa with milk, curd, Ghee, Honey, sugar, Panchamrita
Now Holy Bath the deity idol with Sandalwood and Agaru water
Finally bath the idol with Holy water
Now do the Achamana vidhi
Offer Saree or a moli to the idol of Katyayani mata
Perform Achaman again
Offer Sandalwood, Kumkum, Kajal, Bilva leaves
Dress Her with ornaments
Put a fresh flower garland around Her neck
Light ghee lamp, dhoop and offer Her the fragrant fumes
Now Keep a thali of Naivedya (food or fruit platter made especially for the deity) in front of Katyayani Mata
Now start singing the Katyayani Mata Aarti
Perform the Namaskara vidhi
Ask for forgiveness
This is how you can perform the Katyayani Devi Puja Vidhi.
It is said that apart from marriage, performing the Maa Katyayani Puja helps devotees to excel in their work fields and higher studies. Honey is considered as significantly important while worshipping Maa Katyayani and hence it must also be included in the Prasad.
Benefits of performing Maa Katyayani ki Puja Vidhi/ Katyayani Vratam Benefits
Maa Katyayani is known to bless Her devotees abundantly. Performing the Katyayani Devi Puja Vidhi with complete Bhaav is said to remove all the obstacles that are causing the delay in getting married.
It resolves all the conflicts that create tensions among couples and make their married life peaceful and happy.
People who have a Mangalik Dosha in their natal chart can perform this puja and chant Katyayani Mantra daily in order to remove the dosha .
She also blesses the students who appear for higher exams
Parvati Mantra for delayed in marriage: ‘Hey Gauri Shankarardhangi Yatha Tvam Shankarpriyaa, Tatha Mam Kuru Kalyaani Kaantkatam Sudurlabhaam!’
Surya Mantra for delay in marriage: ‘Om Devendrani Namastubhyam Devendrapriya Bhamini, Vivaaham Bhagyamaarogyam Sheeghralabham Cha Dehi Me!’
Katyayani Maa Mantra for Marriage: ‘Om Katyayani Mahamaye Mahayoginyadhisvari, Nandgopasut Devi Patim Me KuruTe Namah!’
Katyayani Mantra Benefits
The word Mantra is obtained by combining two Sanskrit words ‘Manas’ which means mind and ‘Tra’ which means tool. Thus, mantra literally means the tool of the mind. Mantras hold immense powers that create vibrations on a Higher Spiritual Realm. Chanting the Katyayani mantras create a strong vibration which resolves issues that are generated amongst married couples and amplifies the love in the relationship thus resulting in a harmonious married life. It creates an aura of positivity and safeguards an individual from obstacles that come in his/ her way. Chanting the om katyayani mahamaye mantra 108 times paves way for a successful career, aids in getting a suitable partner and wards off all the negativity.
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Dear Rajeev ~ namaste. thank you for keeping me updated. when i woke up on Thursday morning local time, i sensed a deep feeling of stillness. later i found a great site i will forward to you. it\'s a moving depiction of the yantras attached to the ten mahavidyas. this morning i was inspired to dance around while listening to the mahasura mardini....so things are going quite well in the goddess department! i appreciate all the energy invested by the pujaris in performing this puja and yagna and thank you for giving attention to all the details. best wishes, leslie a/k/a maithili