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» Informational Articles » Festivals » Makar Sankranti 2021: Significance, Story and Puja Benefits

Meaning of Makar Sankranti Festival: What is Sankranti Festival? Makar SankrantiInformation

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti festival is one of the most important festivals in India, celebrated in theHindu month of Magha, which is the month of January in the Gregorian calendar. It's amultifaceted festival and represents multiculturalism in today's society where the differentstates and cultures celebrate the festival in their unique ways. The religious factor of MakarSankranti or Makar Sankranti is, it is a festival dedicated to Surya Devta or sun God.

Book Makar Sankranti Puja and Homa

Why is Makar Sankranti Celebrated?

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is a festival of Celestial importance, as the Sun begins its northwardjourney and enters the Makar Rashi (the Zodiac sign of Capricorn) from the Tropic ofCancer, which is a Makar Sankranti significance and associated with Lord Surya, the SunGod. The Sun is known as the giver of life, is considered immensely powerful and theHindus worship the Sun God with reverence. The word Sankranti means transit ormovement of the Sun from one Zodiac sign to another, with 12 Sankrant is in a year, out ofwhich the importance of Makar Sankranti is highest. So this particular transit of Sun from oneZodiac sign to another holds importance for the Hindus. An interesting fact about MakarSankranti is, it usually falls on the 14th or 15th of January, every year, with exception ofcertain years when it differs by a day or so. This festival is also one of the very few festivalswhich are observed as per the Solar cycle as generally Hindu calendar follows the lunarcycles.

For the farmers, the importance of the Makar Sankranti celebration translates intocelebrating the completion of the harvesting season. It can be called a festival ofthanksgiving for the harvest, to Sun God. Makar Sankranti’s reason for celebration is thebounty of grains that are harvested. It is a festival of new beginnings. Makar Sankranti isalso called by various other names, like, Makar Sankranti, Maghi, and other names invarious states of India. The festival of Lohri is celebrated in Punjab and the Northern part ofIndia the day before or rather the evening before Makar Sankranti.

WHEN IS MAKAR SANKRANTI 2021? MAKAR SANKRANTI DATE, MAKAR SANKRANTI TIME

Makar Sankranti

Makarsankranti Snan Muhurat, Bathing Muhurat

Makar Sankranti 2021 is on January 14, Thursday.

Particular Date & Day (2021) Time starts Time ends
Auspicious Time (Punya Kala) January 14, Thursday 08:30 AM  
Auspicious Time (Punya Kala) January 14, Thursday   06:21 PM
Highly auspicious time (Maha Punya Kala) January 14, Thursday 08:30 AM 10:21 AM

NOTE: Sankranti Moment = 08:30 AM on January 14th, 2021.

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How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti ? Makar Sankranti Celebration

Makar Sankranti is celebrated with utmost happiness and zest in every state of India. Thedaytime starts gradually increasing from this day onwards. The Makar Sankranti celebrationsare fun filled, with the inclusion of activities like flying Kites during the daytime under thewinter Sunlight. Not only this, but the festival had many religious aspects as cited inreligious manuscripts which enlighten us about the festivals religious significance. Commoncustoms are preparation of Makar Sankranti special delicious sweets and performing theMakar Sankranti Puja Vidhi or Makar Sankranti rituals. Rice, Til(Sesame seeds),Jaggery(Gud) are ingredients which are significant and common, used to prepare sweets,across India, as part of Makar Sankranti rituals. These are offered to God, as well as eatenenthusiastically on this festive day. Rice is to signify abundance and prosperity after theharvest season. Some people perform Makar Sankranti Homam to gain divine blessingsfrom the Lord. On this day, Mela or Fairs are organised, some of which are well known ones,like the Gangasagar Mela in West Bengal, Magha Mela in Allahabad/Prayag and otherMelas. The famous Kumbh Mela, which takes place every 12 years, starts on the day ofMakar Sankranti.

Where is Makar Sankranti Celebrated?

The auspicious Sankranti festival is celebrated in different ways across India, the purposebeing the same, to pay obeisance to Sun God and thank for the rich harvest. Many peoplealso celebrate this day by taking a dip in the Holy Ganga River reciting Gayatri mantra whileoffering traditional salutations to Lord Sun. Makar Sankranti Kite flying is an integral part ofthe festival in most regions, which is enjoyed by the children and adults, which gives it thename of Flying Kites festival. Some states have the Makar Sankranti ritual of worshippingCattles which they own on this day. The names and Makar Sankranti Puja Vidhi in eachstate are different.

Gujarat - It is commonly called Uttarayan or Vasi Uttarayan in Gujarat. Flying colourful Kites,eating Makar Sankranti special dishes, like, Undhiyu, a tangy mixed vegetable dish withfresh winter vegetables and tasty Chikkis made of Til (Sesame), Peanuts and Jaggery are allpart of Makar Sankranti Uttarayan in Gujarat. Makar Sankranti Kite Flying competitions arealso held on this day in the state.

Tamil Nadu - The festival is called Pongal in Tamil Nadu and celebrated over four days.Sweet Pongal made of Rice boiled in Milk with Jaggery or Sugar is the special dish. SunGod is offered Milk boiled with Jaggery on the second day of Pongal. The custom ofdiscarding old clothes is part of the festival.

Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand - Makar Sankarani is called Sakraat or Khichdi. Takinga holy dip in Allahabad, Varanasi in UP and Haridwar in Uttarakhand during Sun rise hours,flying kites, wearing new clothes, eating Til Gud Ladoo, Kichdi are integral part of thefestival.

Maharashtra - It is called Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra. The Makar Sankranti SugadPujan is the special Sankranti Puja in Maharashtra which is performed on this day at homes.Traditionally Sesame and Jaggery(Gud) Ladoos are prepared and distributed among friendsand relatives. The phrase Tilgul ghya goad goad bola is said to each other with theexchange of these sweets in means, have the sweet of Til and Gud and speak sweetly.Puran/Pooran Pauli a flat bread made with stuffing of Jaggery and Gram flour served withpure Ghee, Halwa is another Makar Sankranti special dish of the day. Women apply Haldi-Kumkum tika to each other and exchange Sankranti Vaan or gifts. Flying Kites is also a partof the Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra.

Punjab - The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi. A Bonfire is lit,menandwomen dance the traditional Bhangra. Kheer made of Rice, Milk and Sugar or Sugarcanejuice is prepared at home, eaten and shared with friends and relatives. Gud and Khichdi areeaten as part of the Magi rituals.

West Bengal - The festival is called Poush Sankranti, celebrated through three days. Takinga holy dip in the Ganga in the morning, offering water and worshipping Lord Surya early inthe morning. Special dishes made of Rice flour, Coconut, Date Jaggery or Khejurer gur, Milkcalled Pitha is eaten and shared with loved ones. The Poush Shankranti Celebration inShantiniketan is well known as a traditional cultural festival, started by Rabindranath Tagore,in which celebrities participate too in current time.

Assam - Makar Sankranti is called Bihu in Assam. Special food is prepared and served intemporary huts which are burnt the next day.

Rajasthan - Called Sankrat or Makar Sankrat, celebrations include Makar Sankranti specialsweets like Til-patti(like Chikki), Pheeni, Ghewar, Kheer etc. are prepared and served. Thewomen follow a special tradition of gifting household objects to13 women.

Bihar and Jharkhand - The festival is called Sakraat or Khichdi. This starts with offering Til toFire and worship. Special Dahi-Chura, Red Pumpkin is eaten on this day, Til Gud sweets add thehappy sweetness to the festival.

Karnataka - It is called Suggi and is very much a festival of farmers. The ritual of Ellu Birodhu isfollowed in which a plate with offerings of Sesame mixed with fried groundnuts, Coconut, Jaggeryare given to friends and other families.

Makar Sankranti History

As per Hindu mythological Scriptures it is believed that on the auspicious day of MakarSankranti, Lord Surya visits his son Lord Shani, who is also the ruling Planet of the Sun signCapricorn. Legend has it that the relationship between them were not good because ofmany differences. This visit by Lord Surya to His Son denotes celebration of the healthyrelationship, despite the differences. So,it is also believed that if a father visits his son on thisparticular day, their conflicts get resolved and positivity is shared with happiness andprosperity.

Another Makar Sankranti story is about the powerful Bhisma Pitamah, of the Indian EpicMahabharata. He was blessed with a special boon of choosing His own time of death. At theend of the Kurukshetra war, when an injured Bhisma was lying on the bed of arrows, Hewaited for the auspicious time of Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti as His time of death. So it issaid, whoever dies during this period achieves salvation.A third Makar Sankranti history is about Sankranti, who was supposed to be a deity whokilled a demon Sankarasur and

Scientific Reason Behind celebrating Makar Sankranti

Makar SankrantiMostly, Hindu festivals are backed by some scientific reason based on the season etc.,Some Makar Sankranti scientific reasons are as below.

Apart from the cultural aspects, there is a scientific reason behind Makar Sankranticelebration. It has been a known fact from ancient times in India that the Sun of this Solarsystem is the pivot or centre, being the source of energy, light and heat for all planetsincluding Earth which takes 365 days to orbit around the Sun. The Solar system (cycle of360 degrees) is split into twelve sections called Zodiacs, of thirty degrees each (360/12Months). All those zodiacs carry some characteristics or innate nature that hinge upon theposition of the relationship between Earth and Sun.

The amount of Sunlight is proportional to the length of the day. Throughout the year, theSunlight decreases in the zodiac phases of the Sun in the period between July andDecember when the Sun moves downwards, decreasing the day time, which meansdecrease in Sunlight. The Sun is the prime source of energy for Earth and life of livingcreatures, plants thrive in its Solar energy. Between January and May the Sun journeysupwards. ‘Uttar’ means Northward (moving upward) and ‘Ayan’ means ‘movement’, so it iscalled Uttarayan.

On Makar Sankranti the Sun moves Northward and the first zodiac to be crossed is Makara(Capricorn) and Sankranti means movement of the Sun. So this festival in January marksthe revival of Solar energy, light and heat. It is also the time of harvest for farmers in India.Harvesting season symbolizes the benevolence of nature which provides a continuoussupply of food, the most essential requirement for every living being on the Planet.

Makar Sankranti scientific reasons also reflect on the tradition of flying Kites on this day, as itexposes us to the Sunlight, the Solar energy, after short daytime hours of winter. The Solarenergy is absorbed in our body while flying Kites which is essential for the body.

Makar Sankranti 2021: Sankranti Snaan, Holy Dip In Holy Waters

Scriptures enjoin that on the day of Makar Sankranti one should take a holy bath and givedonation (daan). Snaan or holy bath epitomizes purity and Satvikta (mode of goodness).One should offer water to the Sun while bathing. Sun entering the Capricorn sign increasesthe energies of the Sun that enter our body through the Sun rays.

Taking bath in the waters of Ganga is considered highly auspicious. Legend has it thatGanga descended on Earth due to severe austerity of Bhagirath. Ganga had a conjunctionwith the ocean for the retrieval of ocean. It is said that the day Ganga dissolved in the Oceanwas the day of Makar Sankranti. As it may not be possible for many to take a dip in the RiverGanga , you can mix a bit of Ganga jal in the water you are bathing with and chant thisMantra while bathing.

"Ganga Cha Yamuna Chaiva Godavari Saraswati,
Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jalesmin Sannidhim Kuru"

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Rudra Centre Puja Services performed MAKAR SANKRANTI PUJA on 14th Jan 2021

Rudra Centre Team celebrated the festival of Kites and Harvest “Makar Sankranti” in the Chakra Yog Hall. The celebrations began with a Makarsankranti Surya Puja. Til laddos and ice-cream were distributed. The age old custom of ‘Haldi Kumkum’ was celebrated by the women staff. Each of them was presented with a traditional mogra garland, gift and sweets. Sakahshree Neeta Singhal enlightened the staff about the practical and spiritual significance of the festival. We pray this year brings a wave of happiness, contentment and riches to all. HappyMakarSankranti and Happy Pongal! Til Gul Ghya Goad Goad Bola तिळगुळ घ्या गोड गोड बोला !!!

How to do Makar Sankranti Puja? Makar Sankranti Puja Vidhi

Those who want to celebrate Makar Sankranti and conduct a holy puja at their home mustconsider the special Makar sankranti Puja Vidhi. Please follow the below steps:

Before you start the Puja, keep the Punya Kaal Muhurta or Uttarayana Punyakalam andMaha Punya Kaal Muhurta (mentioned above) in mind. Make sure all the images or idols areclean and properly placed in the Puja altar. This Puja will be conducted to seek blessings ofLord Surya, so keep his idol or image in your Altar.

  • In a plate keep four black and four white Til Ladoos and Ghevar(a sweet). Keep some money on the plate.
  • Among other ingredients are a mixture of rice flour and turmeric powder, Betel Nutsand Betel leaves, Holy water or Ganga jal, fresh flowers and incense sticks.
  • Keep this plate of offering in front of the idol of Lord Surya. And start the Pujaprayers.
  • As per rituals, during the Puja, ladies must cover their heads with Dupatta or Saree'sPallu.
  • Chant the Surya mantra for minimum 21 times or 108 times.

Surya Mantra: Om Hram Hreem Hroum Sah Suryaya Namah

Some devotees wear 12 mukhi Rudraksha during the Puja or they start wearing it after energizing Rudraksha in Puja. Among gemstone Ruby is worn on this day.
The Punya Kaal Muhurta is between 07:50 hrs to 18:17 hrs (IST)
Total Duration of 10 Hours 26 mins.
The Sankranti Moment will begin at 07:50 hrs.
The Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta will be between 07:50 hrs to 08:14 hrs.
Total Duration of just 24 mins.

BENEFITS OF CONDUCTING MAKAR SANKRANTI PUJA:

  • The Consciousness or Cosmic intelligence increases to many levels, so by conducting Puja you can derive benefits of higher consciousness.
  • The Spiritual emotion enhances the body and purifies it.
  • The offerings done during this period yields successful results.
  • It's a holy time to spread Spirituality and Dharma in society.

What to do on Makar Sankranti?

6 things you can do on Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti or Makar Sankramana is a day that denotes new beginnings, post MakarSankranti day begins the auspicious time. The day has both religious and fun activities. Hereare 6 things you may choose to do on Makar Sankranti.

1) As per rituals take a holy dip in the Ganga River or any other river if nearby. If notpossible, take a bath at home with Gangaajal mixed in water.
2) Offer water to Surya Devta while chanting Mantra.
3) Donation is an important part of this festival. Donate Til Gud sweets, blankets, Rice Kheeretc. Donation on this day blesses you with abundance.
4) Keep chanting Surya Mantra mentally throughout the day and keep thanking Him.
5) Fly Kites with joy. Be in the Sunlight as the rays of the Sun help to boost immunity.
6) Eat Rice based food items like Kheer, Dahi Chawal etc.

Makar Sankranti FAQ

What to donate on Makar Sankranti?

Donations made on this day are important and are an integral part of the festival. Donationsof Sesame seeds or Til Gud sweets, Rice Kheer, food, warm clothes, Blankets, Utensils ofmetal, Kites and anything else you would want to donate. Donating on Makar Sankranti hasbeen given importance and when done with a clean intention of serving, it showers theperson with abundance.

Why Do We Fly Kites on Makar Sankranti?

The idea of flying Kites is to be in the Sunlight. The duration of daytime increases from thisday onwards after winter. Sunlight is healing for the body, it boosts the immune system,heals skin related diseases etc. Flying Kites is also said to be a way to thank the Divine. Thejoy, laughter and physical exercise also adds to our energy, vitality and happiness quotient.

मकर संक्रांति २०२1

मकर संक्रांति को पुरे भारतवर्ष मे सबसे उचित और बहुत महत्वपूर्ण त्यौहार माना गया है। सांस्कृतिक रूप से इस बहुमुखी त्यौहार को भारत के भिन्न भिन्न राज्यों में अलग अलग नाम से जाना जाता है। जैसे पोंगल तामिल नाडु में, माघ बिहू और भोगल बिहू असम में, लोहरी पंजाब और हरयाणा में, खिचड़ी उत्तर प्रदेश में और तिल संक्रांति बिहार में। इस त्यौहार को सभी राज्यों में विभिन्न प्रकार से मनाया जाता है। हलाकि उत्सव मानाने की भावना सर्व सामान है।

इस त्यौहार का क्या महत्व है?

मुख्य रूप रूप से इसे किसानो का त्यौहार माना हैं। फसलों की कटाई इसी त्यौहार में की जाती है और सरे किसान परिवार ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी इस उत्सव को समुदायिक रूप से मनाते है।

खगोलशाष्त्र और ज्योतिष शास्त्र: खगोलशास्त्र के अनुसार इस दिन शीत काल समाप्त हप्ता है और सूर्य का उत्तरायण की शुरुआत होती है। उत्तरायण का अर्थ है की सूर्य इस दिन उत्तर दिशा की ओर संक्रमण या प्रवास करते है। ज्योतिष शास्त्र के अनुसार सूर्य इस दिन मकर राशि में प्रवेश करता है। साधुओ और संतो इस उत्तरायण को देवताओं के काल के रूप में पूजा करते है | इस त्यौहार के बाद की सभी त्योहारों सूत्रपात या आरम्भ होता है।

क्या करे इस त्यौहार पर?

- इस तयार पर सूर्य देव की पूजा को सबसे उचित धार्मिक क्रिया मानी गयी है। मकर संक्रांति पूजा या सूर्य देव की पूजा अवश्य करे।

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