Makar Sankranti 2020: The festival of New Beginning
Makar Sankranti is celebrated as a very important festival in India. It's a multifaceted festival and represents multiculturalism in today's society where many different states and cultures celebrate the festival in their own way. It's a festival for farmers as the harvesting is complete and they celebrate it. It's a festival of celestial significance as the sun begins its northward journey and enters the sign of Makar (the Capricorn) from the Tropic of Cancer. And it's a festival of new beginning. Makar Sankranti is also regarded as Makara Sankranti or Maghi, associated with Surya, the solar deity. The festival is celebrated on the specific solar day in January.
Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 15th January 2020.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated with utmost happiness and zest in every state of India. The playful nature of festival allows everyone to fly kites during day time, and therefore it is also known as the flying kite festival. Not only this, but the festival had many religious beliefs. This festival is cited in many religious manuscripts which enlighten us about the festival's religious significance.. Common customs are preparation of sweets and performing the Makar Sankranti Puja Vidhi or rituals. Some people perform Makar Sankranti Homam to gain divine blessings of the Lord. The Sankranti festival is celebrated in different ways across the country. In Tamil Nadu, it is called Pongal and is celebrated for four days. There is a custom of discarding old clothes and a sweet dish made of rice is prepared. In Maharashtra, ladoo made of Sesame and jaggery is prepared and distributed among friends and relatives. In Punjab, Kheer made of rice and sugar is prepared and people dance around bonfires. In Bengal, this festival is celebrated for three days by preparing sweets made of Date jaggery, rice, coconut and milk. In North India, Sankranti includes celebrating the kite flying festival. Many people also celebrate this day by taking dip in Holy Ganga water and reciting Gayatri mantra while offering traditional salutations to Lord Sun.
Makarsankranti Snan Muhurat, Bathing Muhurat
Date & Day (2020)
Auspicious Time (Punya Kala)
January 15, Tues
Auspicious Time (Punya Kala)
January 15, Tues
Highly auspicious time (Maha Punya Kala)
January 15, Tues
NOTE: Sankranti Moment = 8:05 PM on January 15th, 2020.
As per Hindu mythological Scriptures it is believed that on the auspicious day of Makar Sankranti, Lord Surya visits his son Lord Shani, who is also the representative of Capricorn. To celebrate the healthy relationship between a father and son, despite their differences, Makar Sankranti is considered significant. It is also believed that if a father visits his son on this particular day, their conflicts get resolved and positivity is shared with happiness and prosperity. Another legend who is associated with Makar Sankranti is Bhisma Pitamah, who was blessed with a special boon of choosing his death time. He was lying on the bed of arrows but he waited for the auspicious time of Uttarayan. So whoever dies during this period achieves salvation.
Apart from these cultural aspects, there is a scientific reason behind its celebration. It has been a known fact from ancient times in India that the sun of this solar system is the pivot or center, being the source of energy, light and heat for all planets including earth which takes 365 days to orbit around the Sun. The solar system (cycle of 360 degrees) is split into twelve sections (zodiacs) of thirty degree each (360/12 Months). All those zodiacs carry some characteristics or innate nature that hinge upon the position of the relationship between earth and sun.
The amount of sunlight is proportional to the length of the day. Throughout the year, the sunlight decreases in the zodiac phases of the sun in the period between July and December when it (sun) journeys downward on the other side the amount of the same increases in the period between January and May when the sun journeys upward. ‘Uttar’ means northward (moving upward) and ‘Ayan’ means ‘movement’, so it is called Uttarayan.
The festival is also known as Makara Sankranti because when the sun moves northward, the first zodiac to be crossed is Makara (Capricorn) and the movement of the sun is called as ‘Sankranti. The sun continues its upward journey till May when it is highest in summer. Then, it starts journeying downward till December and rising in January. So the festival of Uttarayan in January marks the revival of energy, light and heat. It is also the time of harvest for farmers in India. It is to celebrate the revival of light of life (solar energy) in our lives. Harvesting season symbolizes the munificence of nature to continue supplying food as the most essential necessity for every living being on the planet.
Makar Sankranti 2020: Sankranti Snaan, Holy Dip In Holy Waters
Scriptures enjoin that on the day of Makar Sankranti one should take a holy bath and be giving donation (daan). Snaan or holy bath epitomizes purity and Satvikta (mode of goodness). One should offer waters to the sun while bathing. Sun entering the Capricorn sign increases the energies of sun that enter our body through the sun rays.
Taking bath in the waters of Ganga is considered highly auspicious. Legend has it that Ganga earth due to sever austerity of Bhagirath. Ganga had a conjunction with the ocean for the retrieval of ocean. It is said that the day Ganga dissolved in the ocean was the day of Makar Sankranti. If it is not possible for you to take a dip in the Ganga River, you can use Ganga jal at home. Just mix it with your regular bathing water and chant the following mantra
Those who want to celebrate Makar Sankranti and conduct a holy puja at their home must consider the special Makar sankranti Puja vidhi. Please follow the below steps:
Before you start the Puja keep the Punya kaal muhurta and maha punya kaal muhurta in mind. And make sure all the images or idols are clean and properly placed in Puja altar. This Puja will be conducted to seek blessings of Lord Surya, so keep his idol or image at altar.
Take the plate to keep four black and four white Til Laddoos. Keep some money in the plate.
An offering to the deity consists of Ghevar (a sweet dish), four laddos made of black tils and four made of white til alongwith some coins. Put all this in a plate.
Keep this plate of offering in front of the idol of Lord Surya. And start the Puja prayers.
During Puja processing ladies must cover their heads with Dupatta or Saree's pallu.
Chant the Surya mantra for minimum 21 times or 108 times. Surya Mantra: 'Om Hram Hreem Hroum Sah Suryaya Namah'
Some devotees wear 12 mukhi Rudraksha during the Puja or they start wearing it after energizing Rudraksha in Puja. Among gemstone Ruby is worn on this day. The Punya Kaal Muhurta is between 07:50 hrs to 18:17 hrs (IST) Total Duration of 10 Hours 26 mins. The Sankranti Moment will begin at 07:50 hrs. The Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta will be between 07:50 hrs to 08:14 hrs. Total Duration of just 24 mins.
Benefits of Conducting Puja on Makar Sankranti:
The Consciousness or Cosmic intelligence increases to many levels, so by conducting Puja you can derive benefits of higher consciousness.
The Spiritual emotion enhances the body and purifies it.
The offerings done during this period yields successful results.
It's a holy time to spread Spirituality and Dharma in society.
मकर संक्रांति २०२०
मकर संक्रांति को पुरे भारतवर्ष मे सबसे उचित और बहुत महत्वपूर्ण त्यौहार माना गया है। सांस्कृतिक रूप से इस बहुमुखी त्यौहार को भारत के भिन्न भिन्न राज्यों में अलग अलग नाम से जाना जाता है। जैसे पोंगल तामिल नाडु में, माघ बिहू और भोगल बिहू असम में, लोहरी पंजाब और हरयाणा में, खिचड़ी उत्तर प्रदेश में और तिल संक्रांति बिहार में। इस त्यौहार को सभी राज्यों में विभिन्न प्रकार से मनाया जाता है। हलाकि उत्सव मानाने की भावना सर्व सामान है।
इस त्यौहार का क्या महत्व है?
मुख्य रूप रूप से इसे किसानो का त्यौहार माना हैं। फसलों की कटाई इसी त्यौहार में की जाती है और सरे किसान परिवार ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी इस उत्सव को समुदायिक रूप से मनाते है।
खगोलशाष्त्र और ज्योतिष शास्त्र: खगोलशास्त्र के अनुसार इस दिन शीत काल समाप्त हप्ता है और सूर्य का उत्तरायण की शुरुआत होती है। उत्तरायण का अर्थ है की सूर्य इस दिन उत्तर दिशा की ओर संक्रमण या प्रवास करते है। ज्योतिष शास्त्र के अनुसार सूर्य इस दिन मकर राशि में प्रवेश करता है। साधुओ और संतो इस उत्तरायण को देवताओं के काल के रूप में पूजा करते है | इस त्यौहार के बाद की सभी त्योहारों सूत्रपात या आरम्भ होता है।
क्या करे इस त्यौहार पर?
- इस तयार पर सूर्य देव की पूजा को सबसे उचित धार्मिक क्रिया मानी गयी है। मकर संक्रांति पूजा या सूर्य देव की पूजा अवश्य करे।
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The Makar Sankranti Puja holds immense significance in Hinduism. This puja is performed in order to pacify the malefic effect of Saturn and Sun. This puja also removes the Shani Dosha and Surya Dosha if the Puja is done on this particular day. In order to know about this puja and to learn more click on this link.
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