Oldest ISO 9001:2015 certified Rudraksha Organisation in the world. Your Trusted Brand Since 1997
» Online Puja Services » God and Goddess Puja » Shiva Pujas » About Pradosh Vrat 2023: Vrat Katha, Meaning, Vrat List, Date & Time, Tithi, Puja Vidhi, Benefits

Pradosh Meaning | What is Pradosh / Pradosham?

Pradosh Vrat

Pradosh, also known as Pradosham, is a bimonthly occasion dedicated to Lord Shiva. It falls on the thirteenth day (trayodashi) of every fortnight in the Hindu calendar. It is an auspicious three hour period of twilight considered the best time for Lord Shiva’s worship. Shiva devotees undertake a fast on this day, known as the Pradosh Vrat. On this day people wear Rudraksha and Vibhuti to perform traditional worship of Lord Shiva with Abhishek, sandal paste, bael leaves, incense and lamps.

Legend behind Pradosh

According to the Puranic legend, the Devas (gods) appealed to Lord Shiva in the most conducive muhurta of pradosh to seek his help in defeating the asuras (demons). They ran to Mount Kailash on a Pradosh evening and were received by Nandi, Shiva’s sacred bull. Shiva agreed to help them in defeating the asuras. In this way, the tradition of Shiva worship along with Nandi on trayodashi started and continues to this day.

In another legend, Pradosh is the time when Lord Shiva emerged from his stupor (because of the poison he consumed from the samudra manthan) and danced the tandava on top of his Nandi bull. It is believed that during pradosh time, Shiva is in an ecstatic state and blesses anyone who prays to him.
Book Now Pradosh Puja

Pradosh Vrat Katha

Pradosh Vrat Katha are engaging and encouraging stories on Pradosham vrat. There are also different Pradosh Vrat stories relating to different types of Pradosh Vrat. Chandra Dev, one of the Gods of heaven and ruler of planet Moon, once suffered from a miserable disease due to a curse given to him. He performed severe penance and offered prayers to Lord Shiva. Pleased by his devotion and prayers, Lord Shiva blessed him and liberated him of the disease on the day of Trayodashi. This day has been revered as the Trayodashi Pradosh. Another Pradosh vrat story is about a poor Brahmin widow who used to live with her son, Mangalia in a small town. She once found an injured young prince of Vidarbha on the riverside while returning home after collecting alms and gave shelter to him. The prince had escaped when the enemy had invaded his kingdom. Since the widow Brahmin along with both her son and the prince used to regularly observe Pradosh Vrat on advice of a sage, few courses of events occurred which were fruitful. The prince once got spotted by a Gandharva (divine being) Anshumati who got fascinated by him and eventually the prince got married to her. Then the prince with help of Gandharva army of his in-laws fought with the enemies and reclaimed his kingdom. As gratitude, he rewarded the widow Brahmin residence in the royal palace and the Prime ministerial post to her son in his kingdom.

Scroll Down to read more
Shop Now for Energized Products

What to do on Pradosh?

Pradosh Tradition

Visiting the Shiva temple in the evening and performing Abhishek is part of the Pradosh tradition. During the time of Pradosh, Nandi bull is worshipped in all Shiva temples. In some places, the idols of Shiva and Parvathi seated on Nandi are carried around the temple complex.

Pradosh refers to the cleansing of sins. It is the most opportune time to remove negative karma by performing a cleansing of our souls. This is done in a symbolic way with Rudra Abhishek, where devotees bathe the Shivalingam with ghee, milk, honey, curd, coconut water and other aromatic liquids. Along with this, they chant Shiva mantra “Om Namah Shivaye”, Mahamrityunjaye mantra, Purush Sookt and Rudram. Performing these rituals with a Parad Shivling is believed to provide manifold benefits.

Importance & Significance of Pradosh Vrat


Pradosh is an auspicious day and pradosh meaning in literary sense is the time which is related to the sunset. The Pradosh vrat tithi (auspicious timing) falls 72 minutes before the sunset. The Pradosha vrata holds great importance especially to devotees of Lord Shiva as Pradosh is associated with the Lord. Shiva Parivar- Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya, and Nandi are worshipped on this day. Pradosh vrat observed on this day attracts blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati along with the blessings of the related planet of the day the Trayodashi Pradosh falls in. People who undertake the Pradosh vrat are believed to be liberated of all past sins, sufferings and worries. The Vrat also helps fulfil one’s deepest desires be it spiritual or worldly.

When to Start Pradosh Vrat?

Pradosh vrat can be started from early in the morning until after Shiva Abhishek after sunset. Basically, Pradosh occurs six ghatikas after sunset and Trayodashi should be prevailing during this time. This is the time when Shiva Abhishek is done. Thus Pradosh fast depends on the time of sunset and varies from city to city.

How to do Pradosh Vrat (Fasting)?

Pradosha Vratham Procedure

According to the Shiva Purana, a person who observes Pradosh Vrat will attain prosperity, children, and fulfilment of desires. Pradosh Vrat is also undertaken by women who wish to conceive children. The significance of Pradosha Vrat and the Pradosh Vrat Vidhi also finds mention in the Skanda Purana.Some devotees observe fast on both Pradosh days in the month, while others fast only during the Krishna paksha (waning moon). There are two ways of observing the Pradosh fast. Some devotees observe a rigorous 24-hour Vrat without sleeping at night. Others drink only water during fasting and eat the prasad offered after the evening puja. These devotees eat cooked only from the next morning.

Another easier method of Pradosh Vrat is to eat fruits during the day and consume cooked food after the evening prayers later in the day. The rigour of Pradosh Vrat really depends on the willpower and health of the devotee. There are others who do not fast at all but worship Shiva during the twilight time or visit the temple.

Take a bath early in the morning on the day of your Pradosh fast. At twilight in the evening, if you light one deepak during Pradosh hours, Shiva will be well pleased. You can worship Lord Shiva in the form of a Kalash (sacred pot). Fill this Kalash with water and cover it with darbha grass and draw a lotus on the pot. Offer bael leaves to Lord Shiva. After using this water in the puja ceremony, give this as prasad alongside the vibhuti (sacred ash). This Vibhuti can be applied on the forehead as a symbol of Shiva.

Sunrise and sunset times vary from place to place. You will know when to start your Pradosh Vrat if you refer to the sunrise and sunset timings in your place of stay.

Types of Pradosh Vrats

Pradosh occurs twice in a month and depending on the day of the week it falls in, the benefits of Pradosh vrat vary. The Shani and Som Pradosh hold special importance on all the Pradosh days. While the Maha Pradhosh is the most auspicious of all Pradosham dates in a year which either occurs before or on the day of Maha Shivratri, falling on the Maagha month of Hindu calendar.

Ravi Pradosh: When the Pradosha of any month falls on a Sunday it is known as Ravi Pradosh or Bhanu pradosh. This day is associated with the astrological planet Sun and on this day the Moon and Sun both planets are active. Observing Pradosh vrat (fast) on this day brings fame, honour, good health, longevity and power. If the Sun is debilitated or malefic in one’s native chart, then this Pradosh is highly beneficial for them.

Som Pradosh: It is the Pradosh day which falls on a Monday, observing Som Pradosh vrat helps fulfil all desires, bring mental peace, harmony and bestows progeny. Being associated with the planet Moon, it is helpful for those suffering from malefic of this planet.

Bhaum Pradosh: When the Trayodashi date falls on a Tuesday of any month, it is called Bhaum Pradosh. Bhaum refers to planet Mars, thus observing Pradosh fast on this day helps reduce the malefic effect of planet Mars. It also helps resolve marital conflicts and issues related to debt and health.

Saumyavara Pradosh: It is the Prodosha which falls on a Wednesday. Pradosha vratham done on this day is helpful for those who wish to achieve happiness in life and attain knowledge, growth in academics and fulfil all kinds of desires.

Guruvara Pradosh: This Pradosh falls on a Thursday which is associated with planet Jupiter, which is also revered as Guru. Benefits of Pradosh vrat on this day includes success in all realms, good health, wisdom, spiritual growth and abundance.

Bhruguwara Pradosh: It is the Pradosh day which falls on a Friday. Being associated with planet Venus, it is a very beneficial Pradosh vrat for marriage. Pradosha vrata done on this day attracts luck, luxury and love in life.

Shani Pradosh: When Pradosh falls on a Saturday, a day dedicated to Lord Saturn or Shani Dev, it is known as Shani Pradosh or Shani Pradosh Vrat. People in whose natal chart Saturn is malefic or those who are undergoing their Sade Sati or Ashtam Shani periods perform worship and upaya for Saturn on Shani Pradosh to gain relief. Performing Pradosh puja on this day also brings balance in life and growth in career.

Difference between ‘Pradosh Kaal’ and ‘Pradosh Vrat

Pradosh Kaal is a specific period which occurs every month. It begins at the time of the sunset and lasts up to 2-4 Ghatikas post sunset. Pradosh Kaal or Pradosh time differs for every location depending on the sunset occurring at that place. Pradosh Vrat is the fast which is specifically observed only on a Pradosh Trayodashi day (13th day of fortnight of every month). Pradosh Kaal falling on a Trayodashi is considered to be the most ideal and auspicious period for performing puja of Lord Shiva while observing the Pradosha vratham throughout the day.

Pradosh Vrat 2023: Date, Time & Tithi

Date and Month Pradosh Vrat Time Trayodashi Start time & Date Trayodashi End time & Date
January 4, 2023 06:14 PM to 08:50 PM 10:01 PM, Jan 03 12:00 AM, Jan 05
January 19, 2023 06:24 PM to 08:58 PM 01:18 PM, Jan 19 09:59 AM, Jan 20
February 2, 2023 06:32 PM to 09:04 PM 04:26 PM, Feb 02 06:57 PM, Feb 03
February 18, 2023 06:40 PM to 08:02 PM 11:36 PM, Feb 17 08:02 PM, Feb 18
March 4, 2023 06:45 PM to 09:11 PM 11:43 AM, Mar 04 02:07 PM, Mar 05
March 19, 2023 06:49 PM to 09:12 PM 08:07 AM, Mar 19 04:55 AM, Mar 20
April 3, 2023 06:53 PM to 09:12 PM 06:24 AM, Apr 03 08:05 AM, Apr 04
April 17, 2023 06:56 PM to 09:13 PM 03:46 PM, Apr 17 01:27 PM, Apr 18
May 3, 2023 07:01 PM to 09:15 PM  11:17 PM, May 02 11:49 PM, May 03
May 17, 2023 07:07 PM to 09:18 PM 11:36 PM, May 16 10:28 PM, May 17
June 1, 2023 07:12 PM to 09:22 PM 01:39 PM, Jun 01 12:48 PM, Jun 02
June 15, 2023 07:17 PM to 09:26 PM 08:32 AM, Jun 15 08:39 AM, Jun 16
July 1, 2023 07:20 PM to 09:29 PM 01:16 AM, Jul 01 11:07 PM, Jul 01
July 14, 2023 07:20 PM to 09:30 PM 07:17 PM, Jul 14 08:32 PM, Jul 15
July 30, 2023 07:15 PM to 09:27 PM 10:34 AM, Jul 30 07:26 AM, Jul 31
August 13, 2023 07:08 PM to 09:22 PM 08:19 AM, Aug 13 10:25 AM, Aug 14
August 28, 2023 06:57 PM to 09:14 PM 06:22 PM, Aug 28 02:47 PM, Aug 29
September 12, 2023 06:44 PM to 09:04 PM 11:52 PM, Sep 11 02:21 AM, Sep 13
September 27, 2023 06:31 PM to 08:54 PM 01:45 AM, Sep 27 10:18 PM, Sep 27
October 11, 2023 06:19 PM to 08:45 PM 05:37 PM, Oct 11 07:53 PM, Oct 12
October 26, 2023 06:08 PM to 08:38 PM 09:44 AM, Oct 26 06:56 AM, Oct 27
November 10, 2023 06:02 PM to 08:34 PM 12:35 PM, Nov 10 01:57 PM, Nov 11
November 24, 2023 07:06 PM to 08:34 PM 07:06 PM, Nov 24 05:22 PM, Nov 25
December 10, 2023 06:02 PM to 08:37 PM 07:13 AM, Dec 10 07:10 AM, Dec 11
December 24, 2023 06:07 PM to 08:44 PM 06:24 AM, Dec 24 05:54 AM, Dec 25
Related Testimonials
  • I have purchased many puja items from your website

    I have purchased many puja items from your website. I am very happy to write that all your products are genuine, of high quality and love and care you people take in sending us the package shows. Rajesh Agrawal close

    - Rajesh Agrawal
  • Each of my experience has been very beautiful

    I started purchasing from Rudraksha-ratna.com in 2005 which was 1 mukhi rudraksha pendant. Since then, I have bought many puja items, rudraksha and gemstones. I also consulted Neeta ji many times. Each of my experience has been very beautiful. She did advice me on various occasion including therapies. I take this opportunity to thank rudraksha-ratna, especially Neetaji for such a wonderful experience I had. close

    - Prabhat Prasoon
  • I purchased several products from Rudraksha Ratna

    I purchased several products from rudraksha ratna. For eg. I ordered kanakadhara yantra. They sent me by performing puja. Now i am purchasing gold atleast twice in a month. Thank you. close

    - ShivaPrasad
  • Thank you Rudra Centre for doing this Yagna

    Dear Team of RUDRA CENTER: Thank you to the priests and entire team of Rudra Centre for doing this Yagna on our behalf. We truly appreciate it. We have good news for you all!!! My wife conceived within few days following the Yagna and is 3 months pregnant now by grace of God and service of Priests. Please thank the priests on our behalf for carrying our sankalp to God through Yagna. God Bless you all. Thank you. Prashant Sawant, Hyderabad, India close

    - Prashant Sawant
  • Am really grateful to you

    I am really grateful to you. Although I purchased a small Kuber pendant in copper, I was really satisfied. I requested to send me an extra string which this company has rightly did. Moreover it was energized too as I could rightly get the fragrance of typical Puja and Havaan. Thanks again. This goes in to show the best practices followed by this company.  Good luck. close

    - Abhishek
  • I appreciate you and Rudra Centre so much

    Hi Neeta!    Thank you so much... I received my package today....and thank you for the extra gifts!! I have a question... How many days do you wear the red thread Moli? I think you told me the last time 9 days. P.S. My husband, My son and I have found a beautiful home at a awesome location in Honolulu, Hawaii. I purchased a Puja service January of this year from Rudra Centre on buying a house... We waited patiently and found a wonderful home. I appreciate you and Rudra Centre so much.... Lots of Love to you all!!    Thank you & Love,  Samantha close

    - Samantha
  • Neetaji epitomizes that ocean of selfless love, compassion and ambrosial nectar of kindness.

    There was a beautiful comment made by someone on this site, about their wonderful experience during the Mahashivratri Puja and how they were looked after and cared for, so lovingly by Neetaji. Two years ago I chanced upon the Rudraksha-Ratna website and met a person who not only became a catalyst to my biggest spiritual evolution, but I also found the Guru and the Divine Mother that I have yearned, for millions of births. It is so truly said that "God could not be present everywhere, all the time, so he created the heart of a Mother". Neetaji epitomizes that ocean of selfless love, compassion close

    - Mandeep Kang
  • Am really grateful to you

    I am really grateful to you. Although I purchased a small Kuber pendant in copper, I was really satisfied. I requested to send me an extra string which this company has rightly did. Moreover it was energized too as I could rightly get the fragrance of typical Puja and Havaan. Thanks again. This goes in to show the best practices followed by this company.  Good luck. close

    - Abhishek
  • I purchased several products from Rudraksha Ratna

    I purchased several products from rudraksha ratna. For eg. I ordered kanakadhara yantra. They sent me by performing puja. Now i am purchasing gold atleast twice in a month. Thank you. close

    - ShivaPrasad
  • Blessed to receive Divine Blessings from Wonderful Divine Shop Rudraksha Ratna

    Thank you so much. Blessed to receive Divine Blessings from Wonderful Divine Shop Rudraksha Ratna. Order was very proper and always receive extra from Rudraksha Ratna in my orders - above my expectations. Quality and Quantity is Excellent. Very Cost effective too. Premanand Sir, wonderfully processed my order. Thank you... Thank you...Rudraksha Ratna for Divine Blessings. Neeta Mam - Thank you so much for your order. Very Happy and Blessed. Thank you, Regards, Kushal T, USA close

    - Kushal T
Rudra Centre Videos

View More

Recommended Articles
  • Prayer to Lord Shiva
    || Karpur gauram karunaa avataaram, sansaar saaram Bhujgendra haaram,  Sadaa va
    Read More →

  • Shivratri vrat katha
    Shivaratri is the tithi or lunar day on which Brahma and Vishnu worshipped Shiva
    Read More →

  • Sri Rudram
    Each of the Veda Shakhas (branches) has three portions called Samhita (which is
    Read More →

  • What is Rudra Yaga and How Can It Help The World
    Rudra normally refers to Lord Shiva who according to popular belief is the God o
    Read More →

× Search article

Send Enquiry

Verification Code: verification image, type it in the box

Product Related Enquiry/ Ask Expert:
phone +91-70211 80033 | Whatasapp
phone 022-62102919
email rrst@rudracentre.com
phone +91-88501 99897 | Whatasapp
phone 022- 62102909
Puja Services Enquiry:
phone / Whatasapp +91-93268 81243