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Nag Panchami Festival 2024

Information About Nag Panchami 2024: Date, Story, Significance, Puja Vidhi, Katha, & Nag Panchami Mantra

What is Nag Panchami? 

Naga Panchami is observed on the Shukla Paksha Panchami during the Hindu calendar month of Savan or Shravan. As per the Gregorian calendar, Nag Panchami falls in July or August. It is celebrated two days after Hariyali Teej. On this day women pray for the well-being of their brothers and families. They worship the Nag Devta (the Lord of Serpents), in temples and also sometimes visit Snake pits/holes and offer milk to them.

The term 'Nag' means Serpent/snake/Cobra. The term Panchami means the fifth day of either the waxing Moon (Shukla Paksha) or waning Moon (Krishna Paksha), in the Lunar cycle with each phase lasting for 15 days. It is a special day of worshipping Snakes by the Hindus. Worshipping nature, and animals are a part of Hindu philosophy. Hindu Deities are mostly associated with an animal as Vahan or vehicle, and these Vahans are respected and worshipped by Hindus.

When Is Nag Panchami This Year? Nag Panchami 2024 Date, Tithi, Day

Nag Panchami 2024 is on on Friday, August 9, 2024
Nag Panchami Puja Muhurat - 06:15 AM to 08:44 AM
Duration - 02 Hours 29 Mins
Nag Pancham date in Gujarat - Friday, August 23, 2024
Panchami Tithi Begins - 12:36 AM on Aug 09, 2024
Panchami Tithi Ends - 03:14 AM on Aug 10, 2024

Nagpanchami is one of the most popular festivals which is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm by the Hindus. On this day, the Snake Lord is worshipped. Devotees perform the traditional ritual of Holy bathing the divine idol of Snake Lord. On this auspicious day one can also witness snake charmers in many places of the country with bamboo baskets in which real snakes are kept. These shake charmers make the snake dance by playing an instrument called pungi. Many people gather around the snake charmer and even offer milk to the snake and worship it. Devotees perform Naag Puja of the Ashta Naag devtas. Ashta Naag literally means eight snakes. Given below is a small prayer which is recited to venerate the Ashta (eight) Naag (snakes)

Vasuki: Takshaschaiva Kaliyo Manibhadrakah. 
Airavato Dhritarashtra: Karkotakadhananjay. 
Etebhayam prayachhanti praninam pranajeevinam. 
(Bhavishyottara Purana – 32-2-7) 
(Meaning: Vasuki, Takshaka, Kaliya, Manibhadrak, Airavata, Dhritarashtra, Karkotaka and Dhananjaya - these give fearlessness to beings.)

About Nag Panchami 2024

Nag Panchami

This year, Nagpanchami will be celebrated on the Friday, August 9, 2024 in the state of Maharashtra, Gujrat and Tamil Nadu according to the Amavasyant Calendar which is mainly followed by people living in the Eastern and Southern states of our country. Whereas, in the Northern part of India, the festival of Nag Panchami would be celebrated on the Friday, August 9, 2024 in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

About Hindu Culture

Since the beginning, the Hindu culture has always tried to establish a warm bond with animals, birds, trees, plants and natural herbs. In Hinduism, a cow is highly venerated and is often referred to as ‘Gau mata’. A cow is given the title of a ‘Mother’ and is worshipped. Similarly, on the auspicious occasion of Vat Purnima, the married women offer prayers and worship to the Banyan tree. Similarly, on auspicious events like the environment day which is known as the Vanotsav, we make sure to plant saplings, and take measures to safeguard our environment and avoid polluting it. But, the greatness of our Hindu culture is truly reflected when we offer prayers and worship a snake on the Holy festival of Nag Panchami. Snake is a reptile, which is mostly feared as it has the ability to kill you. Accepting Snake in the form of a deity thus shows, how kind and warm-hearted people of the Aryan race.

During monsoons, when heavy showers of rainfall on the warm Earth proving to be beneficial for mankind and Nature, the snakes are forced to leave their natural habitat as water accumulates in the burrows, where they live. Sometimes, they enter our house, this is the time we should offer prayers to them and allow them to rest.

Nag Panchami Puja Vidhi

  • Wake up early in the morning and wear clean clothes.
  • Prepare rice vermicelli mixture and fresh food, in some parts of the country people prepare food a day before the Nagpanchami and then consume this stale food on the day of Nagpanchmi. 
  • If you are fasting, then make sure to consume food once on the day of Chaturthi and observe fast on Panchami for the entire day and then consume food in the evening. 
  • At some places, people make use of brushes which are made of gold, silver or mud, even turmeric, sandalwood and cow-dung is used to draw five-faced snakes on the main entrance of the house on both sides of the door as a sign of welcoming the snake Lord. People then offer prayers to this image At stated above, people draw images of Snake Lord with red sandalwood and Turmeric on both sides of the entrance door According to the tradition, A fresh lotus flower is placed in a silver bowl, and in front of this bowl, rangoli comprising of festive colours and patterns resembling five or eight-hooded snakes is drawn on the floor with a brush made of clay, silver or gold 
  • Devotees then offer prayers and worship the rangoli by chanting Anantadi nagdevtabhyo namah.
  • Once the devotees are done chanting, they offer prayers by using unheated milk, curd, Durva, Kusha, fragrances, unbroken rice (akshat), flowers, water, Holy thread (roli) and rice to the image of Naag deva which is drawn on the wall 
  • Once the puja is done, clarified butter, jaggery and sweets are presented to the image of the Snake Lord as an offering (Bhog) 
  • One must always use flowers and sandalwood while offering prayers to the Snake Lord as good aromas appease the Lord 
  • On the auspicious occasion of Nag Panchami, one must definitely take blessings of Nag dev by venerating Him. Also, the adobe of Snake Lord must be offered prayers. 
  • Also, remembering and chanting on the 12 divine Snake Gods namely Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padma, Kambala, Karkotaka, Ashvatara, Dhritarashtra, Shankhapala, Kaliya, Takshaka, and Pingala is said to appease the 12 divine energies. 
  • Chanting ‘ॐ कुरुकुल्ये हुं फट् स्वाहा’ is believed to safeguard from the snake venom

Legends Of Nag Panchami

Legends of Nag Panchami

Here are many legends associated with the auspicious occasion of Nag Panchami, let us take a look at a few of them.

Legends of Nag PanchamiAs mentioned in the great epic of Mahabharata, there was once a King of Kuru lineage named Janamejaya who was performing a ritual of killing snakes as revenge of his father’s death. Janamejayas father was killed by the snake bite of a serpant named Takshak. Janamejaya made arrangements for a special Yagna in order to kill all the snakes in the world. He made arrangements by calling many great sages, scholars and Brahmins and invoked Fire God in the Yagna. The Yagna began as the Brahmins, saints and scholars started chanting powerful mantras which forced the snakes to come out of their natural habitat and fall in the burning Holy flames of the Yagna. When almost all the serpents were burned to ashes in this Agni Yagna, the pundits and saints realised that Takshak who had killed King Parikshit, the father of Janamejaya had taken refuge in the underworld of Lord Indra.

After learning this, the Rishis and Saints increased the intensity of their chants in order to bring Takshak out. Takshak could not bear the intensity of the vibrations that were generated due to the mantras that were being chanted by the sages. In order to protect himself, Takshak coiled on all four legs of the bed on which Lord Indra was resting. Even Indra was being pulled in the Yagna as Takshak had coiled his bed. Looking at this, all the Gods got worried and ran to Manas devi in order to stop the Yagna. After listening to their plea, the Goddess sent forth her son named Astik to stop the Yagna. Astik reached the venue where the Yagna was being performed. He walked up to Janamejaya and requested him to stop the Yagna. Janamejaya refused, this is when Astik imparted divine scientific knowledge to Janamejaya and gave him many reasons to stop the Yagna. Janamejaya was impressed and this is how he stopped the Yagna and Lord along with Takshak serpant were saved. Thus, the custom of celebrating Nag Panchami came into existence on this day as the lives of many snakes were saved on this day. Lord Indra visited Mansadevi and offered prayers to Her.

According to another legend, there was once a farmer who lived in a village with his wife, two sons and one daughter. One day while ploughing the field, one of his sons accidently killed three snakes. The mother of the three snakes witnessed this and was determined to take revenge. On the same night, the mother of the three snakes entered the house of the farmer and bit the farmer, his wife and both the sons. All of them were dead. The next day, the only daughter of the farmer was shocked to witness her parents and brothers dead. She learned the reason of their death and with great grief offered milk to the snake mother, asking her to forgive her family and to accept the apology on their behalf. The girl wept with a true heart and pleaded the snake to bring her parents and brothers to life. The mother of the snakes was appeased by the pure devotion of the girl. The snake accepted the apology and forgave them and brought her parents back to life.

Girl observed a fast and offered prayers to the Snake Lord(Naag Puja)According to another important legend, there once lived a girl, she wanted to perform Naag pooja, so she asked her bother to get her Ketki flower. While performing Naag pooja, Ketki flowers are used. Her brother agreed and left in search of Ketki flower, as he was busy searching for the Ketki flower, he was bit by a snake, and he died on the spot. Learning about her brother’s death, the girl observed fast and offered prayers to the snake Lord. Soon the Snake Lord was appeased and He brought her brother back to life.

Lord Shiva and Naag at the Time of Samundra ManthanThere is another legend of Nag Panchami which is associated with the episode of Samudra Manthan. During the churning of the Ocean of Milk, both asuras and devas churned the mountain together, during this process, a dreadful poison named Halahal came out of the Ocean, the poison was so fatal that it had the power to kill all the life on this planet. This is when, all the Gods and Goddess ran to Lord Shiva to seek help. The Supreme and Selfless Lord consumed the poison but while drinking few of its drops fell on the earth which were consumed by His snakes. The poison was so fatal that it started burning the throat of Lord Shiva hence, all the gods performed Ganga Abhishekam on Lord Shiva and the snakes. This is why Nag Panchami is celebrated with great valour and represents the rich history of our religion.

Importance Of Snake As Per Hindu Astrology

According to Indian astrology, the snake is often associated with the moon nodes. The head of a snake is represented as Rahu whereas, the tail of the snake is referred to as Ketu. If, in the natal chart of an individual, all the seven houses that fall between Rahu and Ketu planet are placed in a reversed order than the individual suffers from Kal Sarp dosha (relating to doshas caused by black snakes). A person suffering from Kal Sarp Dosha is believed to undergo a lot of hardships and bad luck. Praying over snakes and offering them bhog during the Nag Panchami festival is said to offer relief from the Kaal Sarp Dosha.

On the auspicious day of Nagpanchami, people worship Lord Shiva and Snake Lord. According to a religious belief, a devotee who worships Snake Lord and performs Rudra Abhishekam on Nagpanchami is liberated from all hardships. It also helps to ward off unnecessary fears.

If planet Rahu or Ketu are placed in unfavourable houses in the natal chart of people belonging to the Taurus, Sagittarius, Gemini and Scorpio then they must definitely perform Nag Panchami pooja. Also, offering prayers to Lord Shiva and Snake Lord on this auspicious day offers relief from Pitra Dosha.

As mentioned in the Garuda Purana, A devotee who offers prayers to snakes on the Nag Panchami, followed by offering food or feeding the Brahmins is said to enjoy many benefits and lead a happy life.

Offering prayers to snakes and venerating them is believed to safeguard the devotee from the fear of snake bites.Women who have issues conceiving, install a small idol of snake under the Sacred Fig (Peepal Tree) and worship it. Snakes are associated with virility and are known to bless women who are suffering from barrenness with healthy offspring. Snakes are known to be gifted with the power of fecundity and therefore cure barrenness in women. If an individual often dreams about snakes, then worshipping snakes on the occasion of Nag Panchami is said to remove the fear of snakes. Snakes are believed to be more powerful than human beings as they are associated to the Supreme powers like Lord Shiva, Devi, Lord Vishnu, Krishna and Subramanya. This belief has instilled fear among people which led to the deification of snake, especially the cobra and this is how snakes are worshipped by Hindus throughout the country.

Significance Of Snakes In History

  • Lord Shiva is always portrayed with a snake coiled on His neck which is why He is also referred to as ‘Kal devata’. Lord Lakshman who was the brother of Lord Rama is known to be an avatar of Shesh naag.
  • The sacred Indian Scriptures like the Narada Purana, Agni Purana and Skanda Purana mention the extolling worship of serpents and throw light on the rich history of snakes. 
  • In the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple which is situated in Ujjain, there is a shrine on the third floor. The most unique thing about this shrine is that it is opened only on the day of Nag Panchami and remains closed for the rest of the year. Also, the idol of Nagchandreshwar is unique as it depicts Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati seated on a snake which has ten hoods and are surrounded by Lord Ganesha, Nandi and other idols. According to the legend, The great Takshak snake lives in this shrine and when an individual visits this shrine and offers prayers to Nagchandreshwar on Nag Panchami, the devotee is blessed abundantly and is set free from the afflictions of Sarpa Dosha, Nag Dosha and other Doshas.
  • According to the ancient scriptures, Sheshnaag offers support to the Earth by holding it on His Hood. It is stated that this divine snake lives in Hell and has hundred hoods. In each of these hoods there is a diamond. It is said that Sheshnaag has evolved from the Tama element of Shri Vishnu. At the end of every Kalp, Lord Vishnu is witnessed relaxing on Sheshnaag in the great Ocean. 
  • In the Tretayuga, Sheshnaag was incarnated as Lakshman and Shri Vishnu incarnated as Lord Ram.
  • In the period between the Dwapara yuga and Kalyuga, Sheshnaag incarnated as the elder brother of Lord Krishna and was named as ‘Balram’. 
  • In Shrimad Bhagwat Geeta, Shri Krishna states “The supreme amongst serpents is ‘Anant’, that is me.” Thus showing his greatness.

Auspicious Pujas To Be Performed On Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami Puja