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Nag Panchami

What is Nag Panchami?

Naga Panchami (Friday, August 13, 2021) is observed on the Shukla Paksha Panchami during the Hindu calendar month of Savan or Shravan. As per the Gregorian calendar, Nag Panchami falls in July or August. It is celebrated two days after Hariyali Teej. On this day women pray for the well-being of their brothers and families. They worship the Nag Devta (the Lord of Serpents), in temples and also sometimes visit Snake pits/holes and offer milk to them.

The term 'Nag' means Serpent/snake/Cobra. The term Panchami means the fifth day of either the waxing Moon (Shukla Paksha) or waning Moon (Krishna Paksha), in the Lunar cycle with each phase lasting for 15 days. It is a special day of worshipping Snakes by the Hindus. Worshipping nature, animals are part of Hindu philosophy. Hindu Deities are mostly associated with an animal as Vahan or vehicle, and these Vahans are respected and worshipped by Hindus.

When is Nag Panchami this year? Nag Panchami 2021 Date, Tithi, Day

Nag Panchami 2021 is on 13 August, Friday.

Particular Nag Panchami Date & Day Time starts Time ends
Nag Panchami Tithi Aug 12, 2021 03:24 PM
Puja Vidhi Muhurat August 13, 2021 06:19 AM 08:53 AM
Nag Panchami Tithi Aug 13, 2021 01:42 PM

Why is Naag Panchami Celebrated? Significance(Importance) of Nag Panchami

The Nag Panchami festival is observed by Hindus throughout India, a tradition dedicated to the worship of Nag Devata. It is believed that any prayers offered to Snakes would be well received by Nag Devata. Hence snakes (as a representation of Nag Devata) are worshipped by the Hindus. There are many Serpent Gods revered in the Vedas, but those worshiped on Nag Panchami are Ananta (also called Shesha Naga), Vasuki, Padma, Kambala, Karkotaka, Ashvatara, Dhrutrashtra, Shankhapal, Kaliya, Takshaka, and Pingala. The Hindu Divine Trinity, Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, Lord Mahesh have been associated with Snakes/Serpents, as is evident from the ancient Hindu texts.

Nag Panchami Puja is highly propitious to perform on this special day and women observe Nag Panchami Vrat or fast, breaking the fast after performing Nag Panchami Puja and hearing or reading the Nag Panchami ki Katha(Nag Panchami Vrat Katha). Worshipping Nag Devta on the holy day of Nag Panchami is said to protect the devotee from Snakebite or death due to Snake Bite too.

Traditionally, farmers do not dig mud or plow the field on the day of Nag Panchami as Snakes like in pits or holes in the mud and also connected folklore which is a story about the consequence of a farmer who plowed his field on this day and crushed eggs of Snake accidentally.

Besides the Nag Panchami Puja, there are specific Pujas which are conducted on this auspicious day to get relief from malefic effects of Kaal Sarp Dosh, as per Vedic Astrology. Narayan Nagbali Puja or rites is also performed on this day at Trimbakeshwar, which has a beneficial effect on the devotee conducting it, which also highlights the importance of Nag Panchami.

The legend of Janamejaya, who performed a huge Yajna to end the existence of Nagas or Snakes, was ultimately put to stop when Astika intervened, was the day on which Nag Panchami is celebrated. It was the day of Shukla Paksha Panchami. This is widely known as the main reason to answer the question, why do we celebrate Nag Panchami?

Nag Chaturthi:

Many people observe a fast one day before Nag Panchami. This fasting is known as Nag Chaturthi or Nagul Chavithi. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, this ritual is observed right after Diwali . It also coincides with Tamil Nadu's six days long festivity, SooraSamharam.

Nag Pancham

In Gujarat, Nag Panchami is popularly known as Nag Pancham. Here it is observed 15 days after all the other states have celebrated the festival. It is celebrated three days before the festivities of Krishna Janmashtami.

Bola Choth or Bol Choth in Gujarat: Bola Choth (also known as Bahula Chauth ) is observed one day before Nag Pancham. On this day cattle, especially cows are worshipped.

Auspicious Pujas To Be Performed On Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami Puja

Nag Panchami Puja

Nag Panchami Puja performed on the day of Nag Panchami is highly auspicious and rewarding. The Vedas consider the Nagas (Snakes) very significant and divine. The festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated to offer prayers to the Snakes and Serpents that are associated with Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. Lord Vishnu, Himself rests on Ananta Shesha, a thousand-hooded Serpent. Lord Shiva always keeps the Snake named Vasuki around His neck. Names of 9 Naag Devatas are Anant, Vasuki, Shesh, Padmanabh, Kambal, Shankhapal, Dhrutrashtra, Takshak, and Kalia if prayed daily in the morning protects you from all evils and helps you become victorious in life.

Benefits of this Nag Panchami Puja:

  • Health, wealth, success, and prosperity
  • Peace, Protection, and Health
  • Removes Doshas like Kaal Sarp Dosha and Vastu Dosha
  • Blessings of Nag Devta

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Kaalsarp Shanti Puja at Trimbakeshwar Temple

Kaalsarp Shanti Puja at Trimbakeshwar Temple Kaalsarp Shanti Puja performed at Trimbakeshwar Temple during Shravan month and on Nag Panchami is highly auspicious and spiritual. Kaal Sarp Dosh occurs when all the 7 planets are placed between Rahu and Ketu. Kaal means death and Sarp means snake. The person born under Kaal Sarp Yog struggles even after putting in the appropriate amount of hard work. For individuals suffering from Kaal Sarp Dosh, success is hard to come by and their financial position remains fragile. Kaal Sarp Dosh can be of two types namely ascending and descending and can cause various problems such as loss in business and family problems

Benefits of this puja:

  • Provides professional and personal stability
  • Removes hurdles in the way to success
  • Provides harmony and peace of mind
  • Relief from other malefic effects of the Kaal Sarp Dosh

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Narayan Nagbali Rites at Trimbakeshwar Temple

Narayan Nagbali Rites at Trimbakeshwar Temple

On Nag Panchami, if you perform Narayan Nagbali Pooja, you get rid of most of the issues at a personal and professional level. Narayan Nagbali Puja consists of two different rituals. One is Narayan Bali performed to get rid of ancestral curse (pitru dosh /pitru Shaap) while Nagbali is done to get rid of the sin of killing snakes, especially Cobra which is worshipped in India. It can be performed only at Trimbakeshwar.

This puja is best for those facing obstacles in Business, Waste of Money, Family health Problems, Conflicts, education hindrances, Marriage Problems, Accidental Death, Unnecessary expenses, and Emotional problems. It is also performed to get rid of problems that occur due to curses from father, mother, brother, corpse, wife, and other shraps (Pitru shrap, Pratashap, Matrushap, Bhatrushap, patnishap, matulshap). Narayan Nagbali is performed to get respite from various problems.
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Nag Panchami Story, Legends of Nag Panchami

History of Holi

Various stories about the significance of Snake worship exist in Indian Folk tales and Hindu Mythology.

The Mahabharata as well as ancient Hindu texts state that Lord Brahma's son Kashyapa had married Kadru and Vanita, daughters of Prajapati. The Naga race was born of Kadru. Aruna and the Eagle Garuda were born of Vanita. Aruna grew up to become the charioteer of Lord Surya or the Sun God and Garuda became Lord Vishnu's vehicle.

One of the most popular and accepted legends of Naga Panchami is from the Mahabharata. Janamejeya, the son of King Parikshita of the Kuru dynasty died after he was bitten by the King of Snakes called Takshaka. Parikshita's son Janamejeya was overwhelmed with emotions on his father's death and to take revenge was performing a large scale Yagna /Yajna for which a huge Yagna Kund or sacrificial fire pit, was built to perform Sarpa Satra a Snake sacrifice. He wanted to sacrifice all snakes of the world.

A group of Brahmin Sages chanted mantras and the vibration created was so powerful that snakes automatically got pulled to fall in the Yagna Kund. During the Yagna the priests noticed that Takshak had not fallen into the Yagna Kund and informed Janamejeya. Takshak had taken flight to the protection of Lord Indra and coiled himself around the bed of Lord Indra. On Janamejeya's behest, the Brahmins increased the space of the chanting, the force of which pulled Takshak along with Lord Indra to the Yajna Kund.

The Gods approached Mansadevi, the Goddess of Snakes to save the situation and She appointed Her son Astika to go and request Janamejeya to put an end to the sacrifice of Snakes in the Yagna. Astika met Janamejeya and managed to impress him with the immense knowledge of the Shastras that Astika had. Janamejeya wanted to grant a boon to Astika, who took the opportunity and requested Him to put an end to the Sarpa Satra Yagna. Keeping his word, Janamejeya stopped the proceedings of the Yagna, and thus Takshak and the race of the Nagas were saved from extinction. The day of this event, when the Serpent/ Snake race was spared was on Nadivardhini Panchami, which means the fifth day of the waxing Moon/ Shukla Paksha during the monsoon season of Shravan month. Lord Indra worshipped Mansa Devi for intervening to save His life. Therefore, it is considered a special day of the festival for the Snakes or Nagas.

Another tale is about a farmer who killed three snakes while plowing the land. Angered and enraged, the mother of the dead snakes killed the farmer, his wife, and two children by biting them. Fortunately, his daughter never came to the curse of the mother snake. She worshipped her with milk and begged for her family's life. Pleased with her devotion, the mother snake brought her family back to life. Scriptural significance: As per one of the Vedic scriptures Garuda Purana, one should offer prayers to the snake gods on this day and offer food to Brahmins.

Nag Panchami is considered a very auspicious day of the year. It is believed that worshipping Nagas or snakes on this day brings good fortune, as mentioned in the Garuda Purana. The ritual of feeding Brahmins too is important after the worship.

Lord Krishna Defeats Kaliya

Once, the young Lord Krishna was playing with His friends on the banks of the river Yamuna with a ball. While playing, the ball got caught in a branch of a tree, which was quite high up. Young Krishna climbed up the tree to retrieve the ball. Below the tree flowed that part of river Yamuna where the dreaded snake Kaliya lived. Kaliya was a giant and was used to poisoning the water. People used to avoid that area of the river where Kaliya lived out of fear.

Young Krishna slipped from the tree and fell into that place of the Yamuna. Kaliya surfaced from below the water and a tussle ensued between the two. Ultimately the Lord jumped onto the head of Kaliya and grasped Kaliya’s neck with His hand. Realizing that Krishna was not merely a boy, Kalia begged Lord Krishna to spare him his life and not to kill him. Merciful Lord Krishna released Kaliya with the promise that he will not terrorize or harass anyone from then on. Lord Krishna is also known as Kaliya Mardana.

The festival of Nag Panchami is also celebrated to honor the triumph of Lord Krishna over the snake Kaliya.

Fasting and worshipping snakes by offering milk, how to celebrate nag Panchami is an ancient ritual that is followed even today on Nag Panchami.

How to do Naga Puja at Home?

Nag Panchami is considered a very auspicious day of the year. It is believed that worshipping Nagas or Snakes on this day brings good fortune, as mentioned in the Garuda Purana.

On this day, one can offer Milk, Sweets, or Flowers to Snakes. Generally, it is risky or even impossible, especially in today's time, to worship a real Snake. One can install the Snake Gods' deity of Stone, Wood, Brass, Silver, or even a Painting or picture. Drawing Snake images outside the main entrance door, on the side walls is a part of the rituals as per rituals. But if that is not possible then you can draw Snake images on paper and keep them outside the door as mentioned.

  • If you have an idol of the Snake God(hooded Snake) for worship on Nag Panchami then the Nag Panchami Puja Vidhi will be:
  • Place the Idol of Snake God on a fresh cotton cloth and place it on top of a Puja Chowki. A picture or image of Snake God may Also be placed in the Alter. Place a Ghee Diya(Oil Lamp) on the left side of the Deity idol
  • Achamanam process to be done first and put a Red Tika on your forehead.
  • Light the Diya. Taking some Akshat and Flowers in hand and setting the intention or Sankalp for performing the Puja, praying for the most benevolent outcome. offer the Flowers and Akshat in your hand to the deity idol.
  • Perform Abhishekham by sprinkling water on the picture and you can pour a bit of Milk on the idol of Snake God. Sprinkle fresh Cow's Milk which is not boiled, on the image and the idol. Once more bath the idol with water and sprinkle water on the picture.
  • Offer Haldi, Kumkum, and Akshat on the Deity idol and sprinkle on the image of Nag Devta.
  • Offer fresh Flowers and incense to the idol/picture.
  • Offer Fruit and Sweets(especially Kheer).
  • Now offer a bowl of Cow's Milk(not boiled) and place it in front of the deity or image.
  • With some Flowers and Akshat in hand, pray to Nag Devta for protection, blessings, the fulfillment of desires, etc.

The ritual of feeding Brahmins too is important after the worship.
Nag Panchami Mantra:

|| 'Naga preeta bhavanti shantimapnoti via viboh
Sashanti lok ma sadhya modate shashttih samh' ||

Mantra meaning: 'Let all have divine blessings of the Snake Goddess, let all attain peace. Let all live serenely without any turmoil.'

One should observe fast on this day and serve Brahmins with food. The devotion to the Snake god observed on this day is considered divine and protects the worshipper against inauspiciousness. A thousand-hood Ananta Shesha is the greatest devotee of Lord Vishnu who lies on His body. One can also worship Vishnu and Shiva to obtain their blessings. on this day.

Nag Panchami Ki Katha or Nag Panchmi Vrat Katha

Nag Panchami ki Katha is a mandatory part of its Puja. The recitation of Nag Panchami Vrat Katha is either heard or is read by the devotee by herself. The Nag Panchami Vrat or fast is incomplete and considered null and void without hearing it.

There are several Nag Panchami Vrat Kathas. One of the famous Nag Panchami Vrat Katha is about the youngest daughter-in-law of a wealthy merchant, in a village. The merchant had 7 sons and daughters-in-law. Once all the women of the family went out to get soil from the field for some household work. While the eldest daughter-in-law was digging the field for soil, a Snake sprang up. In fear and shock, she started hitting the Snake with her digging tool, when the youngest-daughter-in-law rushed and stopped her. When all the women left, the youngest daughter-in-law, asked for forgiveness from the Snake and told the Snake that she will get him some milk to drink. However, she forgot about it when she reached back home and got busy with the daily chores. The next day, she remembered her promise to the Snake. She immediately took a bowl of milk and reached the spot and found the Snake waiting for her. She apologized, asked him to forgive her, and addressed him as her brother, offering him the milk. The anger of the upset Snake subsided and he forgave her, as she had considered him her brother.

Time passed and in the month of Shravan, when the rest of the daughters-in-law of the merchant went to their mother's house for the Rakshabandhan festival, to tie Rakhi on their brother's hand. Only the youngest daughter-in-law was left behind, as she had no family member of her own. She missed having a brother and then remembered her Snake brother. In a few days, a young Brahmin Brahmin boy came to the house of the merchant, disclosing his identity as the brother of the youngest-daughter-in-law. The merchant and other family members expressed their surprise as they had never seen him. He said that he had gone for business to far off land and has now returned. So taking his sister along, he set off. Later the brother revealed his true self as the same Snake. He took her to his house and World, the Pataal Lok or the World below the Earth's surface.

When she was about to return to her in-law's house, the Snake (Nag) gifted her with gems, gold, and other such riches and wealth. The most prominent was a beautiful and alluring necklace which she received as a gift from him. Once back home, the youngest daughter-in-law's necklace became the talk of the town. When the Queen of that place heard about the necklace, she told her husband, the King, to get her that necklace.

The King's men were sent out to get the delightful necklace, which they successfully got back for the Queen. But as soon as the Queen wore it, the necklace turned into a Snake. The King called for the merchant's youngest daughter-in-law to his court. She narrated the story of her Snake brother and explained that except for her if anyone wore the necklace, it would turn into Snake. To validate her, the Nag brother appeared there and then in front of the King and Queen at the Palace court. The necklace was returned to the lady.

Since that day the women worship the Snake (Nag) as their brother on Nag Panchami and also pray for the well being of their brothers.

How to Celebrate Nag Panchami? What to do on Nag Panchami?

NagPanchami is celebrated mainly by women who observe Nag Panchami Vrat, eating only one meal after the Nag Panchami Puja and the recitation of Nag Panchami Vrat Katha, is completed, which is Nag Panchami significance

Many places in India organize Fairs and family members go together to enjoy themselves.

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